The Thomas Jefferson Center for the Study of Core Texts and Ideas

Erik Dempsey


Lecturer

Lecturer and Assistant Director of the Thomas Jefferson Center for the Study of Core Texts and Ideas
Erik Dempsey

Contact

Interests


human virtue, and the proper place of politics in a well-lived human life, the different ways in which human virtue is understood in different political situations, and the ways in which human virtue may transcend any political situation

Biography


Erik Dempsey (PhD, Boston College) has been a postdoctoral fellow at UT's Jefferson Center for Core Texts and Ideas since August 2008.   He completed his doctorate at Boston College in june 2007.  He is interested in understanding human virtue, and the proper place of politics in a well-lived human life, the different ways in which human virtue is understood in different political situations, and the ways in which human virtue may transcend any political situation.  His dissertation looks at Aristotle's treatment of prudence in the Nicomachean Ethics, and Aristotle's suggestion that virtue should be understood as an end in itself.   He is currently at work turning his dissertation into a book by adding chapters which consider Thomas Aquinas' interpretation of Aristotle in terms of natural law, and Marsilius of Padua's critique of Thomas.

He grew up in Hastings-on-Hudson, NY and graduated from Hastings High School.  As an undergraduate, he attended St. John's College in Annapolis, MD where he began to study the Great Books seriously.  From June 2000 until August 2001, he worked for DynCorp in Chantilly, VA, doing mathematical modeling and providing other support for the GETS program.  From September 2007 - May 2008, he taught in the Herbst Program for the Humanities at the University of Colorado at Boulder.

Courses


CTI 310 • Introduction To Ancient Greece

33755 • Fall 2016
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM WAG 308
(also listed as C C 301)

This course introduces students to the history, the culture, the religion, and above all the thought of the ancient Greeks. In studying the Greeks, we will have a twofold goal. First, we will try to develop a better understanding of a society which is in some ways very different from our own, but which is very much like it in others, and will exercises an influence over us that is still easy to see. Second, we will engage the Greeks as fellow students of enduring questions that still matter to us today—questions about justice, love, the divine, and the nature of the world. In that way, we will try to learn from them about ourselves.

The material for this course will consist almost entirely of primary sources. We will begin with a unit on Greek history in which we will try to see what was unique about the Greeks, and what they saw as unique about themselves. For that, we will look at selections from Herodotus and Thucydides. We will then study closely some of the chief literary and philosophic works of ancient Greece, including Homer’s Odyssey, Sophocles’ Antigone, and three of Plato’s dialogues: the Apology of Socrates, the Gorgias, and the Symposium.

In addition to the readings, students will be expected to learn the Greek alphabet and some very basic Greek vocabulary based on the readings we do for class.

This will be a small, discussion intensive class. Students will be expected to read carefully for every class meeting so that they can participate actively in discussions.

Texts:

Herodotus and Thucydides, Selections

Homer, Odyssey

Sophocles, Antigone

Plato, Apology of Socrates, Gorgias, and Symposium

Course Requirements:

Two papers (25% each)

Final exam (25%)

Short writing assignments (15%)

Attendance, quizzes, and class participation (10%)

This course carries a Global Cultures flag and fulfills the Visual and Performing Arts requirement.  It also fulfills the Cultural Expression, Human Experience, & Thought Course area requirement.

CTI 321 • Theor Foundtns Modern Politics

33781 • Fall 2016
Meets MWF 1:00PM-2:00PM WAG 201
(also listed as GOV 351D)

Theoretical Foundations of Modern Politics

 

This class explores the philosophic basis of modern politics. We will look at how modern political philosophy broke with both classical and traditional Christian thought, in the new understanding of human nature that it proposed and the new approach to politics that it defended on that basis.

 

Our focus for the first part of the class will be on the works of Niccolo Machiavelli. We will read The Prince and a substantial part of the Discourses on Livy, and will use selected passages from ancient political philosophers and from the Christian tradition, including readings from the Bible, as points of comparison.

 

In the second part of the course, we will look at some of Machiavelli’s heirs and how they appropriated and modified his thought, eventually laying the foundations of liberal democracy. Our readings will include Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. We will end by looking briefly at one of the great critics of modern political life, Friederich Nietzsche.

 

Texts:

  • Niccolo Machiavelli, The Prince and Discourse on Livy (Mansfield translation)
  • Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan
  • John Locke, Second Treatise of Government
  • Friederich Nietzsche, Thus Spoke Zarathustra

 

Course Requirements:

  • Short paper (25%)
  • Midterm Exam (25%)
  • Final Exam (35%)
  • Attendance and Frequent Quizzes (15%)

 

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thou

33055 • Spring 2016
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM WAG 208
(also listed as GOV 314)

 

CTI 302: Classics of Social and Political Thought

This course explores the changing role of human psychology in the history of political thought through the study of classic texts in philosophy and psychology. In roughly chronological order, we will examine several key philosophers’ accounts of the deepest human concerns—justice, happiness, and love—and the potential political life has to fulfill those yearnings. In the final part of the course, we will study Darwin’s evolutionary theory of human mental faculties in The Descent of Man, Freud’s theory of unconscious psychological drives, and current theories of evolutionary psychology. We will discuss how these different views of human nature suggest different approaches to politics and ethics.

We will read selections from the following works:

Plato The Republic, The Symposium

St. Augustine: The Confessions, City of God

Hobbes The Leviathan

Rousseau Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil

Darwin The Descent of Man

Freud Civilization and its Discontents

And selected articles on evolutionary psychology

Grading: Your grade will consist of two medium lengths papers (25% each), a final exam (30%), and class participation and reading quizzes (20%). Attendance is mandatory.

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thou

33065 • Spring 2016
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM WAG 208
(also listed as GOV 314)

 

CTI 302: Classics of Social and Political Thought

This course explores the changing role of human psychology in the history of political thought through the study of classic texts in philosophy and psychology. In roughly chronological order, we will examine several key philosophers’ accounts of the deepest human concerns—justice, happiness, and love—and the potential political life has to fulfill those yearnings. In the final part of the course, we will study Darwin’s evolutionary theory of human mental faculties in The Descent of Man, Freud’s theory of unconscious psychological drives, and current theories of evolutionary psychology. We will discuss how these different views of human nature suggest different approaches to politics and ethics.

We will read selections from the following works:

Plato The Republic, The Symposium

St. Augustine: The Confessions, City of God

Hobbes The Leviathan

Rousseau Discourse on the Origin of Inequality

Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil

Darwin The Descent of Man

Freud Civilization and its Discontents

And selected articles on evolutionary psychology

Grading: Your grade will consist of two medium lengths papers (25% each), a final exam (30%), and class participation and reading quizzes (20%). Attendance is mandatory.

CTI 324 • Politics And Literature

33085 • Fall 2015
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM PAR 304
(also listed as GOV 335M)

CTI 324: Politics and Literature

 

Prerequisites: Upper division standing

 

Description: This class will consist in a study of a selection of Shakespeare’s plays as works of political thought. Though the texts are literary, this is a class in political philosophy. We will be studying the ideas contained in these plays and using them as tools to think about the fundamental questions of politics and human life. We will consider what it means to be a great ruler, a tyrant, a hero, a lover, a true friend, a Christian, or a Jew. We will examine the choices characters make and see how they are informed by their basic beliefs about the world, so that we come to understand these human types as lived possibilities.

 

The course will be discussion intensive. Students who are not prepared to do the reading before every class and come ready to present their own ideas and interpretations of it should not enroll.

 

This course carries flags for Ethics and Leadership and for Writing.

 

Texts:  The reading list will consist only of plays by Shakespeare. We will use Arden Editions in each case. We will read Othello, The Merchant of Venice, Measure for Measure, MacBeth, Hamlet, and King Lear.

 

20%: First long (4-6 page) paper

50%: Second and third long paper

20% Ten short (1-2 page) writing assignments

10% Attendance and participation

 

The papers will be analytical papers on the plays and will not require any outside research. You will be allowed to rewrite the first and second papers to earn a higher grade and your short papers will include reviews of one another’s work.

GOV 312P • Constitutnl Prins: Core Texts

37670 • Fall 2015
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM PAR 303

GOV 312P: Constitutional Principles: Core Texts

 

Prerequisites: GOV310 or equivalent

 

This class is a study of the basic principles of American political life: Democracy, equality, and liberty.  Through a close reading of core texts of the American political tradition, we will attempt to see how these ideals took hold in the US, what arguments were made on their behalf, and what possible pitfalls there are for a society dedicated to those ideals.  We’ll be looking the ethical questions involve when leaders seek to put those ideas into practice.

 

The course will proceed entirely through a close reading of primary sources. We’ll have units on the ratification debate, on religion, on Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, and on race. The class will close with a study of Abraham Lincoln’s political thought, in which we will explore how Lincoln’s answers to the main questions we’ve been asking throughout the semester.

 

This class carries a “Cultural Diversity in the US” flag. In our unit on race, we will explore African American political thought by reading the writings of Frederick Douglass, Booker T Washington, WEB Du Bois, Martin Luther King, and James Baldwin.  We’ll see how they wrestled with the question of what American principles mean to people who have suffered under slavery.

 

This course also carries an “Ethics and Leadership” flag. Throughout the course, we will consider the options faced by great American leaders, and discuss the reasons that they took the actions that they did, and whether they were right to do so.

 

Grading Policy:

 

50%: Two medium length papers

30%: Cumulative final exam

10%: Quizzes and paper reviews

10%: Attendance and participation

 

Texts:

 

1. Course Packet, available in Co-Op Bookstore

2. Hamilton, Madison, Jay. The Federalist Papers.  Introduction by Charles Kesler, edited by Clinton Rossiter. Signet Classics.  ISBN 0451528816.

3. The Anti-Federalist: An Abridgement. Edited by Herbert Storing, selected by Murray Dry. The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226775658.

4. John Locke, Letter Concerning Toleration. Hackett Publishing Company. ISBN 091514560X.

5. Alexis de Tocqueville. Democracy in America. Trans. Harvey Mansfield. The University of Chicago Press. ISBN 0226805360.

6. Frederick Douglass. Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass. Signet Classics. ISBN 0756967104.

7. Booker T Washington. Up From Slavery. Dover Classics. ISBN 0486287386.

8. WEB DuBois. The Souls of Black Folk. Dover Classics. ISBN 0486280411.

9. James Baldwin. Notes of a Native Son. Beacon Press. ISBN 0807006238.

10. James Baldwin. The Fire Next Time. Vintage. ISBN 067974472X.

CTI 335 • Jerusalem And Athens

33335 • Spring 2015
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM PAR 206
(also listed as GOV 379S, LAH 350)

 

This class is a comparison of the roots of the two traditions that combined to form the modern West: Biblical revelation and classical rationalism. We’ll approach that through careful study of two texts: the early books of the Hebrew Bible and Plato’s Republic

The intent of the course is to compare and contrast the ways in which the two traditions answered some of the most fundamental issues of human life, including the relationship between virtue and happiness, who ought to rule in the political community and on what grounds, and the character of God or the gods. My hope is that we will see this is not the case, and that facing the alternative embodied by Jerusalem and Athens is as urgent and as vital today as it was in the ancient world. 

We will approach these two traditions through the careful reading of our two source texts. Each class meeting will involve discussion in which all students will be expected to participate. Papers will typically involve comparisons between the two works.

Grading Policy:

60%: 3 medium length (5-7 page) papers:

20%: Short (1 page) writing assignments – 8 over the course of the semester

20%: Attendance, participation, and pop reading quizzes

Texts:

Plato’s Republic (translated by Allan Bloom)

The Five Books of Moses (Robert Alter’s translation of the Torah)

Prerequisites: Upper division standing

 

GOV 312P • Constitutnl Prins: Core Texts

37845 • Spring 2015
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM WAG 420

GOV 312P: America’s Constitutional Principles

 

Prerequisites: GOV 310 or equivalent

 

Description:

 

This class is a study of the basic principles of American political life: Democracy, equality, and liberty.  Through a close reading of core texts of the American political tradition, we will attempt to see how these ideals took hold in the US, what arguments were made on their behalf, and what possible pitfalls there are for a society dedicated to those ideals.  

 

The course will proceed almost entirely through a close reading of primary sources. The class will begin with a study of the philosophic foundations of the American system of government by reading John Locke’s Second Treatise of Government. It will then explore the debate over the ratification of the Constitution, examining in detail the arguments made in its favor by the Federalists and those made against it by the Anti-Federalists, in order to see concretely how our political principles were put into practice, and to come to a better appreciation of the deep disagreements about the nature and purposes of our political system that were present even at the time of the Founding.

 

The class will then turn to a study of Alexis de Tocqueville’s Democracy in America, which is perhaps the most penetrating analysis of democracy ever written.  Basing his claims on careful observation of American society, Tocqueville presents a new interpretation of what democracy is and what its virtues and vices are.  He further raises the basic question of how – and whether - a democratic society can remain healthy and politically free in the long term. In reading his work, we will focus on such key issues as the relationship between freedom and equality, the meaning of justice in a democracy, the moral character of American citizens, and the threat of a decline in civic involvement. 

 

This class will also include an extensive unit on the history of race relations and ethnic diversity in American society, and how these phenomena force us to rethink America’s founding principles. We will be looking at core texts that address questions about how African Americans could become true citizens after the era of slavery. We will also ask what the proper role of race is in a society dedicated to universal, natural rights. We’ll focus especially on the thought of Abraham Lincoln and Frederick Douglass and on the debate between Booker T. Washington and WEB DuBois over integration in the time after Reconstruction. We will also read important statements by Augustus Washington, Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and James Baldwin.

 

 

Grading Rubric:

 

Two medium length papers: 50% of final grade

Final exam: 30% of final grade

Quizzes, attendance, participation, and short writing assignments: 20% of final grade

 

Texts:

 

Course Reader

The Federalist Papers

The Anti-Federlist (abridged)

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

Narrative of the Life of Frederick Douglass

W.E.B. Du Bois, The Souls of Black Folk

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thought

34110 • Fall 2014
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM PAR 303
(also listed as GOV 314)

CTI 302: Classics of Social and Political Thought - Honors

 

This class provides an introduction to the history of social and political thought, with special emphasis on economic issues. Through the careful study of great works of social and political thought, we will look at the developments in political philosophy that led to the emergence of the modern economy, and to some of the most significant reactions to it.   We will look at these texts, not only as historical artifacts, but as contenders in a continuing debate about the best way to order our lives, as individuals and as members of a community.

 

Although we will study a few economists, this is not primarily an economics course, but one that explores the political principles that shape different approaches to economic questions.  Our goal is not only to get a better sense of where the reigning answers to such questions came from, but also to try to think them through for ourselves as best we can.  As such, this class requires serious engagement, a willingness to think critically about one’s own beliefs, and regular, active participation.

 

The honors version of this class incorporates a unit on Jean-Jacques Rousseau as well as a second required paper.

 

This class satisfies the UT Social Science requirement.

 

Texts:

Aristotle, Politics and Nicomachean Ethics (excerpts)

Aquinas, Summa Theologiae

Locke, Second Treatise

Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations

Rousseau, Second Discourse

Marx, Communist Manifesto and Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts of 1848

Excerpts from Keynes, Hayek, and Schumpeter

 

Grading Policy:

50%: Two medium length papers on topics to be assigned in class

25%: Final Exam

15%: Reading quizzes and short writing assignments

10%: Class participation

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thought

34111 • Fall 2014
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM JES A218A

This course explores the changing role of human psychology in the history of political thought through the study of classic texts in philosophy and psychology. In roughly chronological order, we will examine several key philosophers’ accounts of the deepest human concerns—justice, happiness, and love—and the potential political life has to fulfill those yearnings. In the final part of the course, we will study Darwin’s evolutionary theory of human mental faculties in The Descent of Man, Freud’s theory of unconscious psychological drives, and current theories of evolutionary psychology. We will discuss how these different views of human nature suggest different approaches to politics and ethics.

We will read selections from the following works:

  • Plato The Republic, The Symposium 
  • St. Augustine: The Confessions, City of God 
  • Hobbes The Leviathan 
  • Rousseau Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
  • Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil
  • Darwin The Descent of Man 
  • Freud Civilization and its Discontents
  • And selected articles on evolutionary psychology

 

CTI 301 • Ancient Philosophy And Lit-Hon

34500 • Spring 2014
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM PAR 308

Prerequisites: None

 

Course Description:  In this class, we will explore some of the greatest works of classical epic, tragedy, and philosophy.  We will use them not only to get a better understanding of a society very different from our own, but also to help us think about questions of enduring importance.  What is justice?  What is virtue?  What is love, and what should we expect from it?  How should we think about God and religion?  What about the life of the mind – what is its place in political society, and in a well-lived human life?  We will examine the answers given to these questions in classical Greece and compare those answers to our own. But beyond that, we will see that the works which we read are more than mirrors of their times; their authors reflected profoundly on these basic questions, challenging and transcending the conventions of their own society.  We will find that many of their insights are still valid, and that they can teach us about today’s moral and political situation.

 

This class carries a Writing and Global Cultures flag.

 

Grading Policy:

50%: 2 long (1500 word) papers

25%: Final Exam

15%: Responses to short prompts, to be assigned regularly in class

10%: Reading quizzes and class participation

 

Texts:

Plato, Apology, Gorgias, and Symposium

Sophocles, Oedipus Cycle and Ajax

Homer, Odyssey

 

 

GOV 312P • Consttnl Prins: Core Texts-Hon

39075 • Spring 2014
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM BEN 1.122

 

Prerequisites: GOV 310 or equivalent

 

Course Description: This class is study of the principles of American politics based on a selection of great texts from the American political tradition. We’ll explore the purposes of our system of government, especially its promises of freedom and equality, and we’ll explore the kinds of character, the specific virtues and vices, which American life tends to foster.

 

The backbone of the course will be a close reading of Alexis de Tocqueville’s great work, Democracy in America. We’ll supplement that with other key texts about the American political tradition and drawn from later in the country’s history, which will give us the opportunity to consider American constitutional principles in different contexts. There will be units on race, religion, economic life, and moral relativism.

 

Grading Policy:

60%: 3 papers of about 1500 words

25%: Final exam

15%: Reading quizzes and class participation

 

 

Texts:

Course Reader, including excerpts from the Autobiography of Benjamin Franklin,Federalist Papers, the Anti-Federalist, Frederick Douglass, Booker T Washington, WEB DuBois, and others

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

John Stuart Mill, On Liberty

Hugh Heclo, Christianity and American Democracy

CTI 325 • Morality And Politics

34215 • Fall 2013
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM WAG 201
(also listed as GOV 351L)

Course Description

“Natural right” refers to a standard of justice which is somehow given by nature, that is, which can in principle be known at all times and in all places.  This class will be an exploration of different understandings of that idea.  In examining it, we will have to raise the basic questions of what justice is and how it can be known.  We will look at the different components of this question, including what the common good is, what its relationship is to the individual good, and what claims of individuals the political community needs to respect.  That means that, along the way, we will have to consider the most basic question of what kind of life is best for human beings, or put differently, what happiness is.  As we proceed, we will consider the differing ways in which this idea has been treated throughout history, beginning with the ancient Greeks and culminating with critics of the Enlightenment. 

Our class will emphasize four critically important approaches to the idea of natural right.  We will begin with classical thought, as embodied in Aristotle’s Ethics and Politics, where the idea of natural right was given its first robust articulation.  We will then consider the medieval Christian approach, and what happens when natural right exists alongside the Christian faith.  We will focus on the writings of St. Thomas Aquinas, together with some passages from Francisco Suarez, one of the great later Thomists, and the great critics of Thomas, Marsilius of Padua.  We will then turn to the account of natural right that defined the early modern approach to politics through a close reading of Hobbes’ Leviathan.  Finally, we will pose the question of whether it even makes sense to appeal to nature as a standard for how one ought to live, by studying the Discourses of Jean-Jacques Rousseau. 

In each case, we will look at our authors, not merely as representatives of historical trends, but as profound thinkers who can teach us important truths about our own lives.

 

List of Texts: Aristotle, Ethics and Politics; Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologiae; Thomas Hobbes, Leviathan; Jean-Jacques Rousseau, First and Second Discourse

 

Grading Rubric: 40% Papers (2 papers, 3-5 pages each); 20% midterm exam; 25% final exam; 15% attendance and quizzes

CTI 335 • Jerusalem And Athens

34220 • Fall 2013
Meets MWF 11:00AM-12:00PM WAG 310
(also listed as GOV 379S, LAH 350)

Course Description

In this class, we will study the age-old confrontation between Jerusalem and Athens – that is, between the teaching of the Bible and the politics and philosophy of the ancient Greeks.  We will compare the way in which each tradition answered basic questions about morality and politics, including: What is virtue? What is justice?  What is the best political order?  What do we owe our community?  In what manner are we morally culpable or sinful?   What is the role of philosophic thought in the community and in the best individual life?  And above all, can we know, on the basis of human reason alone, how we ought to live?  Or are we in need of divine guidance?  

The Greeks and the Bible offer the deepest and most deeply opposed answers to these questions.  Through this class, we will use core texts from both traditions to come to grips with the fundamental alternative that they constitute. 

We will approach these issues entirely through a slow, close reading of key parts of the Hebrew Bible and Aristotle’s Nicomeachen Ethics

 

List of Texts: The Bible, including selections from Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, 1 and 2 Samuel, Psalms, and Ecclesiastes; Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics

 

Grading Rubric: 60% papers (3 papers, 3-5 pages each) 15% short, frequent writing assignments (assigned in class; 1-2 pages) 15% attendance and participation 10% in-class quizzes  

GOV 312P • Consttnl Prins: Core Texts-Hon

38750 • Spring 2013
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM MEZ 2.124

Prerequisites:

GOV 310 (you may discuss the possibility of an exemption with the instructor)

 

Course Description:

This class is a study of the basic principles of American political life: Democracy, equality, and liberty.  Through the close reading of core texts from the American political tradition, we will attempt to see how these ideals took hold in the US, what arguments were made on their behalf, and what possible pitfalls there are for a society dedicated to those ideals.  

 

Grading Policy:

60% - Three Papers.  You will be required to do rewrites for at least one paper

20% - Final Exam

10% - Attendance (required at all class meetings) and Participation

5% - Quizzes

5% - Short reviews of other students’ work

 

Texts:

Second Treatise of Government, John Locke

Federalist Papers

The Anti-Federalist

Democracy in America, Alexis de Tocqueville

Additional readings (in course packet) 

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thought

33874-33875 • Fall 2012

This course explores the changing role of human psychology in the history of political thought through the study of classic texts in philosophy and psychology. In roughly chronological order, we will examine several key philosophers’ accounts of the deepest human concerns—justice, happiness, and love—and the potential political life has to fulfill those yearnings. In the final part of the course, we will study Darwin’s evolutionary theory of human mental faculties in The Descent of Man, Freud’s theory of unconscious psychological drives, and current theories of evolutionary psychology. We will discuss how these different views of human nature suggest different approaches to politics and ethics.

We will read selections from the following works:

  • Plato The Republic, The Symposium 
  • St. Augustine: The Confessions, City of God 
  • Hobbes The Leviathan 
  • Rousseau Discourse on the Origin of Inequality
  • Nietzsche Beyond Good and Evil
  • Darwin The Descent of Man 
  • Freud Civilization and its Discontents
  • And selected articles on evolutionary psychology

 

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thought

33880 • Fall 2012
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM WAG 420

Course Description

This class provides an introduction to the history of social and political thought, with special emphasis on economic issues. Through the careful study of great works of social and political thought, we will look at the developments in political philosophy that led to the emergence of the modern economy, and to some of the most significant reactions to it.   We will look at these texts, not only as historical artifacts, but as contenders in a continuing debate about the best way to order our lives, as individuals and as members of a community.

Although we will study a few economists, this is not primarily an economics course, but one that explores the political principles that shape different approaches to economic questions.  Our goal is not only to get a better sense of where the reigning answers to such questions came from, but to try to answer them for ourselves as best we can.  As such, this class requires serious engagement, a willingness to think critically about one’s own beliefs, and regular, active participation. 

 

Grading Policy

Grading will be based on one short paper, a midterm, a final exam, quizzes, participation in discussion sections, and attendance.

 

Texts

Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, Locke, Montesquieu, Smith, Marx, Keynes, Hayek, Schumpeter

CTI 323 • Might And Right Among Nations

33930 • Fall 2012
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM UTC 4.124
(also listed as EUS 348, GOV 351J)

Course Description

This class is a study of international relations through the lens of political philosophy.  Through a careful study of classic texts, we will raise and attempt to answer basic questions about relations among states, including: What place does justice in issues of war and peace?  Under what circumstances is war just?  How do religious teachings affect one’s approach to foreign policy, and whatdifferences are there between different religions?  Are there any natural laws which govern how states should conduct themselves to each other?  How have modern political institutions shaped international relations?  Is it reasonable to hope for an era of lasting international peace, and if so, how might it be attained?  How can looking at war and peace help us come to a better understanding of what justice itself is?

We will see the answers which competing philosophic schools have given to these questions, and the arguments they made for them. 

 Our study will cover: the classical republican struggle for and against empire in Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War; Christian Just War theory in Aquinas and Vitoria; Islamic Jihad Theory; the moral supremacy of independent national sovereignty in Hobbes; the defense of a globalizing moral community achieved through commercialization by Montesquieu; and the proposal of a world legal order achieved through international legal organization byKant.

 By studying these works, we will gain a better understanding of the most common contemporary approaches to war and peace.  Our goal is not only to get a better sense of where the reigning answers to our questions came from, but to try to answerthem for ourselves as best we can.  As such, this class requires serious engagement, a willingness to think critically about one’s own beliefs, and regular, active participation. 

 

Grading Policy

Grading will be based on two short papers, a midterm, a final exam, quizzes, participation in discussion sections, and attendance.

CTI 335 • Jerusalem And Athens

33982 • Spring 2012
Meets MWF 11:00AM-12:00PM MEZ 1.120
(also listed as GOV 379S, LAH 350)

In this class, we will study the age-old confrontation between Jerusalem and Athens – that is, between the teaching of the Bible and the politics and philosophy of the ancient Greeks.  We will compare the way in which each tradition answered basic questions about morality and politics, including: What is virtue? What is justice?  What is the best political order?  What do we owe our community?  In what manner are we morally culpable or sinful?   What is the role of philosophic thought in the community and in the best individual life?  And above all, can we know, on the basis of human reason alone, how we ought to live?  Or are we in need of divine guidance? The Greeks and the Bible offer the deepest and most deeply opposed answers to these questions. 

Through this class, we will use core texts from both traditions to come to grips with the fundamental alternative that they constitute.

Texts

The Bible, including selections from Genesis, Exodus, Deuteronomy, 1 and 2 Samuel, and Ecclesiastes Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics

Requirements

60% papers (3 papers, 3-5 pages each) 15% short, frequent writing assignments (assigned in class; 1-2 pages) 15% attendance and participation 10% in-class quizzes  

GOV 312P • Consttnl Prins: Core Texts-Hon

38580 • Spring 2012
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM MEZ 2.124

This is a class on American politics based on the close reading of primary texts that have shaped or that reflect deeply upon American democracy.  Readings will include the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution, the Federalist Papers and important writings of the Anti-Federalists, and Tocqueville's Democracy in America.

CTI 301 • Ancient Philosophy And Lit

33775 • Fall 2011
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM GAR 2.128
(also listed as HMN 316)

In this class, we will read some of the greatest works of Greek tragedy, comedy, and philosophy.  These writings are not merely cultural artifacts, but comprise some of the most profound reflections ever made on questions of permanent importance.  We will use them, not only to gain a better understanding of classical life, but to explore such issues as, justice, politics, virtue, religion and the gods, philosophy, and love.  

Readings will include Sophocles’ Oedipus Cycle, Aristophanes’ Clouds and Birds, and Plato’s Apology, Republic, and Symposium.

This is a writing flag course, which will include several writing assignments of varying length.  It is also discussion-intensive: you will be expected to show up to each class session prepared to discuss interpretations of the reading.

 

CTI 335 • Might And Right Among Nations

33820 • Fall 2011
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM UTC 4.124
(also listed as EUS 348, GOV 335M)

This class is a study of international relations through the lens of political philosophy.  Through a careful study of classic texts, we will raise and attempt to answer basic questions about relations among states, including: What place does justice in issues of war and peace?  Under what circumstances is war just?  How do religious teachings affect one’s approach to foreign policy, and what differences are there between different religions?  Are there any natural laws which govern how states should conduct themselves to each other?  How have modern political institutions shaped international relations?  Is it reasonable to hope for an era of lasting international peace, and if so, how might it be attained?  How can looking at war and peace help us come to a better understanding of what justice itself is?

We will see the answers which competing philosophic schools have given to these questions, and the arguments they made for them.  Our study will cover: the classical republican struggle for and against empire in Thucydides’ Peloponnesian War; Christian Just War theory in Aquinas and Vitoria; Islamic Jihad Theory; the moral supremacy of independent national sovereignty in Hobbes; the defense of a globalizing moral community achieved through commercialization by Montesquieu; and the proposal of a world legal order achieved through international legal organization by Kant. 

By studying these works, we will gain a better understanding of the most common contemporary approaches to war and peace.  Our goal is not only to get a better sense of where the reigning answers to our questions came from, but to try to answer them for ourselves as best we can.  As such, this class requires serious engagement, a willingness to think critically about one’s own beliefs, and regular, active participation.  

CTI 301 • Ancient Philosophy And Lit-Hon

34155 • Spring 2011
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM BUR 228

In this class, we will read some of the greatest works of Greek tragedy, comedy, and philosophy.  These writings are not merely cultural artifacts, but comprise some of the most profound reflections ever made on questions of permanent importance.  We will use them, not only to gain a better understanding of classical life, but to explore such issues as, justice, politics, virtue, religion and the gods, philosophy, and love.  

Readings will include Sophocles’ Oedipus Cycle, Aristophanes’ Clouds and Birds, and Plato’s Apology, Republic, and Symposium.

This is a writing flag course, which will include several writing assignments of varying length.  It is also discussion-intensive: you will be expected to show up to each class session prepared to discuss interpretations of the reading.

 

CTI 302 • Classics Of Socl/Polit Thought

33083-33095 • Fall 2010
Meets MW 10:00AM-11:00AM BUR 212
(also listed as EUS 302, GOV 314)

In this class, we will explore certain core texts in the history of social science, looking at the ways in which some of the West’s greatest thinkers have approached the study of the social and political world.  Their competing approaches reflect their different answers to questions about human nature, happiness, politics, and justice.  By reading these texts and thinking about the fundamental questions which they raise, our goal will be to attain a more nuanced and deeper understanding of our own society.

The course will begin by looking at some of the classic comprehensive statements about the nature of social and political life, including readings from Aristotle, Thomas Aquinas, and Montesquieu.   We will then trace some of the most important developments in modern social science, focusing especially on economic thought, and on attempts to understand human life on the model of modern natural science.  We will conclude with a brief consideration of Tocqueville’s science of democracy and democratic man.  Throughout the course, readings from contemporary social science will highlight ways in which the authors we study continue to exert a powerful influence on the study of politics and society.

PRELIMINARY READING LIST.

We will read key portions of the following texts.  On average, the readings will be 50-100 pages per week. 

Aristotle, Politics

Thomas Aquinas, De Regno; Summa Theologica

Montesquieu, Spirit of the Laws

Adam Smith, Wealth of Nations

Jean-Jacques Rousseau, First Discourse

Auguste Comte, Positive Philosophy

Emile Durkheim, “Montesquieu’s Contribution to the Rise of Social Science”

Sigmund Freud, Civilization and Its Discontents
Max Weber, Science as a Vocation and Politics as a Vocation

Alexis de Tocqueville, Democracy in America

Select readings in modern social science

COURSE REQUIREMENTS: All students will be required to select one of the two following options at the beginning of the semester.

option one—Mid-term exam option

40%—Final Exam, closed book, held in the final exam period; format will be questions selected at random from study questions handed out at the end of term covering material from the entire term.

30%—Mid-term closed book exam.

20%—Attendance (required) at all lectures; each absence after the first, not excused by a doctor’s note, will subtract 10% from your attendance grade (which is equal to 2% of your overall final grade).

10%—Closed book quizzes on the readings (clues for which will be in the weekly study questions) administered at the start of the class hour.  The quizzes are meant to ensure that students do the reading, and so will not be announced beforehand.

OPTION TWO—PAPER/DISCUSSION OPTION

Students taking this option will pariticpate in bi-weekly discussion sections in addition to attending lectures.  On days when there are discussions, students will not attend lecture.

35%—Final Exam, closed book, held in the final exam period; format will be questions selected at random from study questions handed out at the end of term covering material from the entire term.

30%—Two short analytical/interpretative essays (1500-2000 words each) on topics to be assigned.

10%—Attendance (required) at all lectures; each absence after the first, not excused by a doctor’s note, will subtract 10% from your attendance grade (which is equal to 1.5% of your overall final grade).

10%—Closed book quizzes on the readings (clues for which will be in the weekly study questions) administered at the start of the class hour.  The quizzes are meant to ensure that students do the reading, and so will not be announced beforehand.

15%—Participation in bi-weekly discussion sections.

 

GOV 335M • Might And Right Among Nations

38803 • Spring 2010
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM MEZ B0.306

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