Restoring Women to World Studies
In much of the social studies—especially courses focused on world history, geography, and culture—there has been a long-standing awareness that the experience of women has been left out of the narrative. Recent changes in state, national, and Advanced Placement educational standards have sought to remedy this omission by calling for the inclusion of women’s studies in the social studies curriculum. However, the most widely available resources tend to focus on the experience of women in Western Europe and North America.
Restoring Women to World Studies seeks to address these new requirements and the current regional bias in available resources. The unit is based on the 2007 Hemispheres Summer Teachers’ Institute "Restoring Women to World Studies." That four-day workshop explored the situation of women—historical and contemporary—in Latin America, the Middle East, Russia, East Europe and Eurasia, and South Asia. The training sessions discussed the contributions of notable women to historical and artistic movements, talked about concepts of gender roles and gendered spaces, looked at issues that are driving women’s movements today, and examined the greater context in which all of these take place.
In this unit, we have sought to address the Texas Essential Knowledge and Skills (TEKS) and National Geography Standards that explicitly deal with gender roles and social structures but also standards that address citizenship, processes of historical change, social movements and cultural differences. In addition, this unit draws on primary source readings, images, and maps to strengthen students’ skills in working with primary source materials. Each case study is laid out in a Document-Based Question (DBQ) format so that students can cite, interpret, and evaluate sources; consider point of view; and use historical evidence to develop and support a thesis.
The unit begins with a PowerPoint that introduces the notion of gender as a key social category and patriarchy as an important organizing structure in many societies and cultures. The unit then examines these concepts within case studies from the four regions. Each case study is meant to encourage students to address questions about gender roles in the different societies, either in a particular historical moment or how they evolve over time. In addition to responding to each case study, students can analyze and compare the different primary source documents within the case studies by considering the following questions and their answers:
- How do women in patriarchal societies experience gender norms and ideals?
- How do women in patriarchal societies create change within the established order of society?
It is our hope that, with Restoring Women to World Studies, students will be able to better appreciate how gender functions within different societies at different times; understand how it both shapes individual lives and offers individuals opportunities to shape society; see similarities in women’s experiences as well as differences; and appreciate that experiences of gender are influenced by other categories of identity (class, race, ethnicity, etc.) and are not frozen or merely restrictive but changing and challenged by women who respond to traditional understandings of gender roles and hierarchies.
Download the full unit or download specific sections:
- Classroom Activity: Image Analysis Activity
- The Arab World: Islam and Feminism in the Age of the Arab Renaissance
- Brazil: Black Women’s Work and Social Progress
- Chile and Argentina: Madre = Resistencia: Mothers of the Disappeared
- India: Women in the Indian Independence Movement: The Salt Protests of 1930
- Israel: Pioneers in Pre-state Israel: The Women of the First Aliyah
- Russia: Women’s Work or Women’s Rights? Russia after the Revolution
- Sri Lanka: Juki Girls: Clothing, Factory Work, and Changing Gender Roles
- Yugoslavia: Women in Black—Belgrade: Making Their Silence Heard
We welcome feedback and comments on the unit and your experience using it in the classroom. Please do not hesitate to contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org.
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