Linguistics Department

Colloquium - Françoise Rose (Dynamique Du Langage, CNRS/Université de Lyon; University of Oregon)

Syncope. Rhythmic syncope and differential syncope in Mojeño Trinitario.

Mon, May 1, 2017 | CLA 1.302B (Glickman Center)

3:00 PM - 5:00 PM

Rhythmic syncope, a process deleting the vowels in weak metrical positions is a perfect illustration of the role of the metrical parse in stress placement and phonology in general. Differential syncope, a process by which low-sonority vowels may be banned from syllable nuclei or strong foot branches, and high-sonority vowels banned from weak foot branches, illustrates the role of sonority in prosody. In Mojeño Trinitario, an Arawak language of Bolivia, a metrical analysis provides crucial insight into a rhythmic syncope process that is amenable to neither a strictly phonological, lexical or morphological analysis. However, rhythmic syncope underapplies with sonorous vowels, some of which are lexically-determined as transparent to syncope. Mojeño Trinitario therefore shows a rare case of a hybrid type of syncope, where the application of rhythmic syncope is constrained by the sonority scale. Moreover, various constraints sensitive to root type, morphology, and segmental phonotactics also play a role in the surfacing of syncope.

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