Syntactic Typology: Studies in the Phenomenology of Language

Winfred P. Lehmann


Appendix B: Index

  • K (abstract nominal categories), 44
  • k (inflections or function words), 45
  • Kala Lagau Langgus, 362-363
  • Khinalug, 344-345, 355
  • Language
    • processes and devices of, 9-14, 49
  • Lateralization, 9
  • Latin, 7-8, 33, 34, 41, 45, 331
  • Linguistics, an empirical science, 427
  • O. See Object
  • Object, 44
  • Order. See Arrangement
  • OSV languages, 269-270, 324
  • Otomi, 281-282
  • OV languages, 6, 16-18
    • marking for case in, 214
    • progressive assimilation in, 217
    • suffixation in, 212
    • See also Japanese OVS, 58
  • S (single segment with intransitive verb), 330-334
  • S (subject). See Subject
  • SAE (Standard Average European), 415
  • Samoan, 373-374
  • Sandfeld, Kristian, 413-414
  • Sanskrit, 7, 39, 42, 47, 371, 405, 415
  • Sapir, Edward, 54, 398, 416, 423-426, 432
  • Sapir-Whorf hypothesis, 423-426
  • Saussure, Ferdinand de, 54, 432
  • Selection, 10
  • Semantic structures and language types, 5, 221
  • Sentence, 44-45
  • Serial verbs, 237-241, 245-246, 249-251
  • Seuren, Pieter, 44
  • Σ, 44. See also Sentence
  • Sinhalese
  • SOV languages. See Japanese
  • Standard, constructions with, 16-17, 174
  • Subject, 52-53, 330
  • Subject, double, 73-78
  • Subject, properties of, 343
  • Subject-final languages, 267-327
    • general properties of, 285-302
    • negative precedes verb in, 299
    • passive in, 300
    • possessors, phrase, after head, in, 295-296
    • prepositional, 291-292
    • problems with, for understanding sentence, 324
    • pronoun-retaining strategies of, 322
    • properties and patterns of
    • question word, preverbal, in, 292-294
    • reciprocals in, 310-311
    • reflexives in, 312-315
    • relative clause follows head in, 296
    • relative pronoun lacking in, 296-297
    • subordinate conjunctions in, 294-295
    • verb agreement in, 288-289
    • verb-initial, 285-286. See also VOS languages
  • Subject-predicate languages: cognitively advantageous, 306-307
  • Subject prominence, 53
  • Subordination, 14
  • Substitutes, in SVO languages, 172-173, 202-205
  • Suffixation, 23
  • Sumerian, 35, 419
  • Suprasegmentals, 219-220
  • Surface expression, relation of, to underlying categories, 48
  • SVO languages, 5-6, 52. See also English
  • Swahili, 338
  • Syllabic structure, 23
  • Syllabification and language types, 218-219
  • Syntactic component: central in language, 5-6
  • Verb: central in language, 7-8
  • Verbal modifiers, 17-18
  • Verbal qualifiers, 172
  • Voicing of American English -t-, 397
  • VO languages, 6. See also Easter Island; VOS languages
  • Voluntative, 44, 186
  • VOS languages, 269-325
    • scarcity of, explanations for, 302-324
    • cognitive dissonance, principle of, 309-310
    • relevance principle, 304-306
    • semantic interpretation, a principle of, 306-309
  • Vowel harmony, 23, 217, 403-404
  • Vowel systems, 221
  • VSO languages, 15-18, 143-168. See also Easter Island
    • case-marking in, 214
    • prefixation in, 212
    • regressive assimilation in, 217
  • Yes-or-no questions, 180
  • Yidiny, 350

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