Gender Bias Distorts Peer Review Across Fields, Nature, Jennifer Glass (March 21, 2017)
PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass' research is featured in a Nature News and Comment article on the gender bias in peer review for academic journals. Glass explains that by limiting the gender of journal reviewers, similar to how many corporate boards function, the reviewers tend to overlook talented researchers based on gender. In turn, women are still less published than the men and under-represented in top research positions in their fields.
Americans Can Now Buy Breast Milk from Cambodian Women Paid Less Than $10 a Day, Broadly, Sharmila Rudrappa (March 14, 2017)
"I don't think the problem is that these kinds of milk banks become standard—it is what kind of standards have been established internationally to protect these women and their children, including good nutrition for mothers and children, quality gynecological care, and safe housing." Broadly quotes PRC faculty research associate Sharmila Rudrappa extensively in an article on Ambrosia Labs, which sells Cambodian mothers' milk to the U.S., paying the donor mothers $10 a day. Rudrappa argues that protecting the mothers is the first step in avoiding exploitation, and "calling this sort of company unethical is not thinking through the larger structures that have created these conditions."
Are Your Sperm in Trouble?, New York Times, Andrea Gore (March 10, 2017)
The New York Times quotes PRC faculty research associate Andrea Gore in an article on the global decrease in sperm quality and mobility. “Semen quality and fertility in men have decreased. Not everyone who wants to reproduce will be able to. And the costs of male disorders to quality of life, and the economic burden to society, are inestimable," says Gore. Researchers blame the chemicals in plastics for the decrease in healthy sperm.
Is the Republican Alternative to the ACA a Palliative or a Cure?, Knowledge at Wharton Network, Robert Town (March 8, 2017)
"It is moving the benefits from the older and sick to the younger and healthy, from the poor to the rich." PRC faculty research associate Robert Town is quoted in a Knowledge@Wharton Network article on the Republicans' proposed alternative to the Affordable Care Act. Town concludes, "The Republicans may be stuck with a bill that will lead to massive problems, and [face] huge dis-enrollments, exchanges falling apart and people paying a lot more for coverage.”
Austin Parks: St. John Gets Boost from Austin Parks Foundation, Austin American-Statesman, Javier Auyero (March 1, 2017).
The Austin American-Statesman mentions PRC faculty research associate Javier Auyero's publication "Invisible in Austin: Life and Labor in an American City," in an article about Thelma Williams ("Grandma Wisdom") and Austin's historic St. John neighborhood.
Big Companies Don’t Pay as Well as They Used To, Harvard Business Review, Ken-Hou Lin (February 13, 2017)
Harvard Business Review features research from PRC faculty research associate Ken-Hou Lin in an article on the shrinking pay gap between large and small firms across the U.S. Lin and his co-authors found that this pay gap has not decreased equally across the pay scale, however. High-ranking employees at big firms and small firms still make about the same they did 30 years ago, but the pay disparity between mid- to low-ranking employees at large firms and similarly ranked employees at smaller firms is still significantly large. Those further down the pay-scale at large firms make much less than they used to. Thus, the researchers found that this decrease in pay by large firms contributes to national income inequality.
What Happens When Students Notice Bias, CNN, David Yeager (February 11, 2017)
CNN reports on PRC faculty research associate and Psychology Department professor David Yeager's recent research on the effects of middle school students' mistrust of their teachers on college enrollment later in life. "Among black students, when their trust in school declined, their rate of college enrollment was about 43%, but when their trust increased, it was about 64%," CNN reports on Yeager's study. The gap between college enrollment based on trust and mistrust was much more pronounced for students of color than for white students. The article further reports on possible solutions to this gap in trust in the education system.
The Downside of Telecommuting, The Boston Globe, Jennifer Glass (February 10, 2017)
“Why do we continue to work from home as unpaid overtime? Answering those e-mails on the weekend or taking that memo home to finish it. All of that is unnoticed, being uncounted, and not really helping you in terms of your annual wage or salary," The Boston Globe quotes PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass in an article featuring her recent study on telecommuting. Glass and colleagues found that working from home resulted in longer hours, but without any increase in wages when compared to those who worked overtime at the office.
Preteens Who Mistrust Teachers Less Likely to Reach College, Reuters, David Yeager (February 8, 2017)
Reuters features PRC faculty research associate and UT Austin Psychology Department David Yeager's new study on mindset theory among middle school students of color. Yeager found that middle school students of color who perceived discrimination from teachers based on race and ethnicity were less likely to attend college. He explains, "We think these experiences made students disengage from the system. Once you're disengaged, you do worse, you get lower grades.. they're just less likely... to get higher SAT scores and eventually make it to college."
Estimating Income Inequality from Binned Incomes with Paul von Hippel, Harvard University, Paul von Hippel (February 7, 2017)
The Harvard Kennedy School interviews PRC faculty research associate Paul von Hippel in a Women in Public Policy Program podcast on measuring the gender gap in pay. Dr. von Hippel evaluates three statistical methods to study binned incomes: "the multi-model generalized beta estimator (MGBE), the robust Pareto midpoint estimator (RPME), and the spline CDF estimator." Listen to learn which method he finds most accurate on the podcast below.
African-Americans Suffer Inordinate Loss of Parents, Children and Siblings, Reuters Health, Debra Umberson (January 31, 2017)
"By the time they turned 10 years old, black children born in the U.S. in the 1980s were three times more likely than white children to have lost their mothers and twice as likely to have lost their fathers," Reuters Health features PRC Director Debra Umberson's research on racial disparities in family death. Umberson explains the damaging implications of such loss: "All of these losses are very scarring. It’s parents losing children; it’s children losing parents, and it’s altering the families these people come from."
Want to Contact a Lawmaker? You Might Have Trouble, KXAN News, Kathryn Paige Harden (January 30, 2017)
"They’re literally not answering their phone," KXAN News quotes PRC faculty research associate and Psychology Department professor Dr. Kathryn Paige Harden on the difficulties Central Texans face contacting lawmakers. Harden works for activist group TX21Indivisible, representing Texas District 21. She explains representatives' failure to respond: “These are not just representatives for the people who voted for them, they’re the representatives for all of their constituents.”
Black Americans May Suffer Disproportionately From Family Deaths, Refinery29, Debra Umberson (January 25, 2017)
PRC director Debra Umberson's research on the 'grief gap' is featured in an article by Refinery29. The article discusses how black Americans experience death of family members earlier in life than white Americans. Furthermore, "Black Americans between the ages of 50 and 70 were three times as likely to watch their child die, and twice as likely to have lost a spouse by age 60."
Early Family Deaths May Create 'Grief Gap' for Blacks, U.S. News and World Report, Debra Umberson (January 23, 2017)
U.S. News and World Report features PRC director Debra Umberson's recent research on the 'grief gap.' The article discuses how premature death is more common in black communities, possibly due to violence and increased risks of heart disease and diabetes. Umberson suggests that communities and schools must take action to support those experiencing loss, "There should be interventions and strategies that address grief, bereavement and loss."
Early Family Deaths May Create "Grief Gap" for Blacks, CBS News, Debra Umberson (January 24, 2017)
“Blacks were three times more likely to lose a mother, twice as likely to lose a father, and 2.5 times more likely to lose a child by age 30, and they’re 90 percent more likely to experience four or more family deaths by age 60," CBS News quotes PRC Director Debra Umberson extensively in an article featuring her recent publication on the 'grief gap' between black and white Americans. The article discusses the implications of this disparity in experiencing loss of family members. Umberson concludes, "This is a tragedy, one that reverberates throughout these family networks to affect many people in ways that surely take a toll on their lives... [The deaths] are almost certainly taking a significant toll on health."
Blacks Experience more Family Member Deaths than Whites, On Average, UT News, Debra Umberson (January 23, 2017)
PRC Director Debra Umberson publishes a new article on racial disparities in loss of parents and other family members during childhood. The study found African-American children are more likely than white children to experience loss of parents or loved ones. Read the article where Umberson is quoted extensively on the PRC website, as well as the full original publication.
Does Telecommuting Really Improve Work-Life Balance?, Business News Daily, Jennifer Glass (January 20, 2017)
"Despite what many people think, telecommuting doesn't always help employees balance out their home and work lives." BusinessNewsDaily features a study co-authored by PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass in an article about the reality of working from home. Telecommuters often put in extra hours, under pressure to show they can still be productive out of the office: "Employees who worked at least part of the time away from the office put in an average of 3 hours more per week than those who spent all their working time in the office. And those extra hours didn't translate into additional pay."
Supreme Court Verdict Hasn't Deterred Texas Lawmakers From Filing Abortion Bills, The Dallas Morning News, Abigail Aiken (December 26, 2016)
The Dallas Morning News quotes PRC faculty research associate and The LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Abigail Aiken in an article discussing Texas legislators' attempts at placing further restrictions on abortion this coming session, despite the Supreme Court's definitive ruling against against Texas' previous abortion bill in Whole Women's Health vs. Hellerstedt. "It's pretty clear in the Whole Woman's Health decision that laws that are masquerading as protecting women's health are not going to fly anymore," Aiken says. However, states like Texas may continue to push restrictive abortion laws in light the new presidency and possible appointments to the Supreme Court, as Aiken explains: "It's such an open book right now because we just don't know what's coming in the pipeline. We're kind of staring into the barrel of the gun when it comes to the federal situation right now."
Brazil Passes The Mother Of All Austerity Plans, The Washington Post, Leticia Marteleto (December 16, 2016)
The Washington Post mentions PRC faculty research associate Leticia Marteleto's research on the Brazilian education system in an article discussing Brazil's 20 year social spending cap. The Brazilian Senate recently approved a new budget that caps further government spending on healthcare, social security, and education through 2036. Marteleto is concerned that the cap on public spending on education will increase educational inequality in Brazil, especially harming low-income students.
Should Corporal Punishment Be Allowed In Public Schools?, KPLC News, Elizabeth Gershoff (December 15, 2016)
"There's no link with corporal punishment and better behavior. The only links we see are with worse behavior. The more children are spanked and paddled, the worse their behavior over time, the worse they do in school." Population Research Center faculty research associate Elizabeth Gershoff is quoted extensively in an article discussing corporal punishment in Louisiana schools by KPLC 7 News. Gershoff explains that corporal punishment is an ineffective form of discipline, and is ultimately detrimental to students' emotional well-being and academic performance: "There are unintended consequences like mental health issues, worse relationships with family... The only thing they might have learned is: Don't get caught, because if you get caught, you'll get hurt. But the whole point of discipline is teaching children the 'why.' "
Patient Navigators Help Increase Breast and Cervical Cancer Screening Among Texas Women, UTNews, Catherine Cubbin (December 5, 2016)
Women Putting Work First ‘Still Held Back In STEM Careers’, Times Higher Education, Jennifer Glass (November 30, 2016)
“Women who graduate with other majors are more likely to stay in field than women in STEM," PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass is quoted in a Times Higher Education article featuring her recent study on women in STEM fields. She explains that even though women delay getting married or having children to advance their STEM careers, they are still vastly underrepresented in the field compared to men. Glass provides a possible solution to increase the number of women in STEM careers: "Women more so than men say they want their work to have social relevancy and meaning, which deters them from STEM. Pitching STEM as a route to solving social problems might go a long way towards increasing young women’s interest."
Fourth And Eighth Graders Make Gains in Math, POLITICO, Jack Day (November 29, 2016)
POLITICO's "Report Roll Call" features Postdoctoral Researcher Jack Day's research brief on his and PRC faculty research associate Stephen Russell's article, "Supportive, Not Punitive, Practices Reduce Homophobic Bullying and Improve School Connectedness." The research brief provides the best practices to prevent homophobic bullying in schools. The study finds that supportive measures like counseling are more effective in handling homophobic bullying than harsh punishment.
UT Research Cited In Ed. Sec's Call To End Corporal Punishment, Austin American-Statesman, Elizabeth Gershoff (November 28, 2016)
The Austin American-Statesman reports that PRC faculty research associate Elizabeth Gershoff's findings on corporal punishment are cited in the the U.S. Secretary of Education John B. King's report calling for an end to corporal punishment in U.S. schools. King pointed to racial disparities as a major factor in ending corporal punishment based on Gershoff's research on the issue. Gershoff explains that, "They [students] are singled out for punishment based on things they can’t control, like gender, race or disability. That is inherently unfair.”
Welcome to the Trust Lab, Huffington Post, Pamela Paxton (November 28, 2016)
PRC faculty research associate Pamela Paxton's research on the connection between small groups and social capital is cited in a Huffington Post article on increasing trust in American communities. The article uses Paxton's research to show that trust built through participation in small groups, such as school clubs or religious organizations, can be transferred into larger communities outside the small group. Ultimately, the author argues that small communities should act as "trust labs" to foster social capital and connnectedness between groups and the community at large.
The Theology of American Exceptionalism, U.S. Election Analysis 2016: Media, Voters, and the Campaign, Eric McDaniel (November 22, 2016)
PRC faculty research associate Eric McDaniel is featured in the U.S. Election Analysis 2016: Media, Voters and the Campaign. His section, entitled, "The Theology of American Exceptionalism," discusses the religious origins of America's proud identity. He goes on to analyze the candidates' use of rhetoric to appeal to American exceptionalism.
Much Awaited African American History Memorial Monument Unveiled, KVUE, Eric McDaniels (November 19, 2016)
"This is just acknowledging what one group has done to make the whole better." PRC faculty research associate Eric McDaniel is quoted by KVUE at the unveiling of the African American History Memorial Monument on Saturday in the south lawn of the Texas State Capitol. McDaniel is the Vice President of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity chapter at UT Austin, who were a significant group in establishing the statue. The monument symbolizes over 400 years of the black experience in Texas.
Insurers Use High Drug Costs To Deter Some Obamacare Patients, Economist Says, Knowridge Science Report, Michael Geruso (November 18, 2016)
"The study showed that for the few therapeutic classes of drugs with the strongest insurer incentives to avoid the corresponding patients, drugs were 50 percent more likely to be placed on a specialty tier, relative to the same drugs in employer plans, where the patient avoidance incentives do not exist. This design could lead to out-of-pocket consumer costs exceeding $1,000 per month for some drugs in a typical Exchange Silver plan." PRC faculty research associate Michael Geruso's research is quoted in an article in Knowridge Science Report. Geruso's new findings outline how insurance companies hike prices for certain medications to deter chronically ill Affordable Care Act patients from joining their plans.
Fathers Take Note! Being Affectionate Will Help Your Child Score Better Marks, Economic Times, Marie-Anne Suizzo (November 17, 2016)
"The warmth of a father's love has a special influence on young people, and makes them feel optimistic and determined to strive for greater things. It also boosts the math grades of teenage girls and the language ability of boys." New research from PRC faculty research associate and Department of Educational Psychology professor Marie-Anne Suizzo is featured in an article from the The Economic Times. Furthermore, Suizzo discusses the benefits of fathers' warmth for low-income families in particular: "Low-income fathers affect their adolescents' beliefs about themselves and their future, and these beliefs influence their achievement by increasing their determination to persist on school tasks."
The Unique Effects of Fathers’ Warmth on Adolescents’ Positive Beliefs and Behaviors: Pathways to Resilience in Low-Income Families, Springer, Marie-Anne Suizzo (November 16, 2016)
PRC faculty research associate Marie-Anne Suizzo published new research findings on November 16, 2016 entitled, "The Unique Effects of Fathers’ Warmth on Adolescents’ Positive Beliefs and Behaviors: Pathways to Resilience in Low-Income Families." Her study analyzed the effects of fathers' warmth on adolescents' grades. Suizzo found that fathers' warmth contributed to the academic achievement of both male and female children. Ultimately, her research suggests that educators and counselors should encourage fathers to participate in adolescents' education by providing warmth and positivity to foster their children's academic success.
Across All Income Levels, Fewer Parents Are Spanking Their Children, Chicago Tribune, Elizabeth Gershoff (November 15, 2016)
"Spanking makes children's behavior worse. It has the opposite effect than what parents want: It doesn't make children better-behaved, and it doesn't teach children right from wrong. It's not related to immediate compliance, and it doesn't make children behave better in the future." PRC faculty research associate Elizabeth Gershoff is quoted in a Chicago Tribune article discussing the decline in parents spanking their children at all socioeconomic levels.
Childhood Obesity And Diabetes Prevention: Understand The Dangers Of Soda And Sugar Consumption Among Kids, Parent Herald, Paul von Hippel (November 11, 2016)
PRC faculty research associate Paul von Hippel's findings on childhood obesity are cited in an article in the Parent Herald. The article discusses multiple factors that contribute to increasing childhood obesity rates, including sugary soft drinks and lack of exercise during summer months: "One of the factors being looked upon is the study that revealed that summer days are increasing the risk of obesity among children due to unhealthy habits that need to be addressed with the participation of the parents."
For Little Kids, School's Healthier than Summers at Home, American Council on Science and Health, Paul Von Hippel (November 7, 2016)
"What this study appears to demonstrate is that when it comes to an apparent lack of physical activity at school not everything is what it appears. And finally, that families should take a closer look at their summertime routines in order to get kids moving and sleeping more, and eating better." The American Council on Science and Health featured PRC faculty research associate and The LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Paul von Hippel's research on weight gain trends in children. His findings suggest that policy to reduce childhood obesity should focus on reducing weight gain during the summer months and on weekends in addition to providing healthy lunches and exercise during school hours.
Zika Virus Prompts Increase in Unsafe Abortions in Latin America, SBS Australia, Abigail Aiken (November 7, 2016)
"New figures suggest abortions have soared in countries where Zika is rampaging. The pills are safe and approved for early abortion in other countries, but can be hard to obtain in countries where abortion is illegal or highly restricted, which includes most of Latin America." The SBS Australia profiles PRC faculty research associate and The LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Abigail Aiken's research on women seeking medication abortions through telemedicine websites in Latin America following the Zika outbreak.
Studies Find Bilingualism is Economic Asset, Midland Reporter-Telegram, Rebecca Callahan (November 6, 2016)
"Studies have shown that bilingual children have higher test scores, better problem-solving skills, sharper mental perceptions, and greater empathy." PRC faculty research associate Rebecca Callahan's findings on the benefits of bilingualism are featured in The Midland Reporter-Telegram article discussing the advantages of a significant bilingual population in Texas.
Blue-collar Communities and High School Training: Outcomes for Young Women, Journalists' Resource, Chandra Muller (November 4, 2016)
"The largest wage gap among men and women nationally is within blue-collar occupations. Men with blue-collar jobs earned $17.20 an hour compared to $13.40 an hour for women." PRC faculty research associate Chandra Muller and her colleagues' research on the distinct economic disadvantage women face in blue-collar communities is profiled in a Journalist's Resource article.
Unaccompanied Minors Flow Out Of Central America Under Weak Border Enforcement, Huffington Post, Nestor Rodriguez (November 4, 2016)
The Huffington Post published an article that quotes PRC faculty research associate Nestor Rodriguez discussing the increase in unaccompanied minors migrating to the U.S. seeking refuge from violence in Latin America. He explains the resurgence of child migration: “It’s a combination of factors including the effects of international migrant family networks, peer pressure to migrate together [and a] rise in violence or changes in Mexican and U.S. border enforcement.”
Children Gain Weight Faster Over Summer Break Than In School, NPR, Paul von Hippel (November 2, 2016)
"It really doesn't appear that schools were ever the problem." PRC faculty research associate Paul von Hippel's research is quoted in an NPR article featuring his latest findings on childhood weight gain during summer vacation: "Despite the lure of Halloween candy and Christmas treats, elementary school children actually gain weight faster over the summer."
For Schoolchildren, Weights Rise Along With Summer Temperatures, New York Times, Paul von Hippel (November 2, 2016)
"According to a new national study of younger elementary school students, the risk of gaining excessive weight is far greater during the summer than when they are in school." The The New York Times profiles PRC faculty research associate and The LBJ School of Public Affairs professor Paul von Hippel's new research on childhood weight gain trends and obesity
PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass co-authored a publication entitled, "The Missing Women in STEM", which was profiled in an article by the Cornell Chronicle. The article explains that even when women are willing to delay pregnancy for their careers, they are still underrepresented in the STEM workforce: "You would think that a woman who intended to limit her fertility would be more hirable in demanding jobs. Men with similar family preferences, however, were more likely than women to transition into the STEM workforce. The women were not seen as desirable as men who said the same thing.”
Corporal Punishment in Schools, Chasing Prestige, & Speaking American, New Hampshire Public Radio, Elizabeth Gershoff (October 27, 2016)
"A new report from the Society for Research in Child Development found higher child mortality and poverty rates, less education spending per students, and lower graduation rates in districts where corporal punishment permitted, and racial and gender discrimination in applying punishment. The findings again raise the question of whether it is time to finally retire the practice." The New Hampshire Public Radio interviews PRC faculty research associate Elizabeth Gershoff about her research on the discriminatory use of corporal punishment in U.S. schools.
Women Feel Empowered by Online Abortions, BBC World Service, Abigail Aiken (October 23, 2016)
"Abortion laws in Ireland and Northern Ireland are among the world’s most restrictive, for some women the only option is costly travel to English clinics. But an increasing number are opting to buy abortion pills online, an experience they find positive and empowering." BBC World Service interviewed PRC faculty research associate Abigail Aiken about her research on women using the abortion pill in Northern Ireland.
If You Want Your Teenage Kids to Eat Healthy, Try Reverse Psychology, Slate, David Yeager (October 20, 2016)
"In the study of more than 500 13- and 14-year-olds in Texas, researchers framed healthy eating not as something objectively hip—don’t even try, olds—but as a rebellion against manipulative junk-food corporations. As it turns out, appealing to teen appetites for independence and social justice actually works."
PRC faculty research associate and UT Psychology Department professor David Yeager's research on teen eating habits is profiled in a Slate.com article.
Why Aren't American Parents Happier?, Albany Times Union, Jennifer Glass (October 20, 2016)
"What we found was astonishing, The negative effects of parenthood on happiness were entirely explained by the presence or absence of social policies allowing parents to better combine paid work with family obligations. And this was true for both mothers and fathers." PRC faculty research associate Jennifer Glass' research is quoted in an article in the Albany Times Union discussing parental happiness in the U.S.
How Irish Women Are Getting Around Abortion Laws, TIME, Abigail Aiken (October 18, 2016).
"Ninety-four percent of the 1,023 women who completed the at-home abortion said they felt grateful for the option, 97% said at-home mediation abortion was the right choice for them, and 98% said they would recommend the option to other women with unwanted pregnancies." TIME covers PRC faculty research associate Abigail Aiken's research on abortion in Ireland.
Irish Women 'Access Abortion Pills Online', BBC News, Abigail Aiken (October 17, 2016).
"Northern Irish women have described in their own words the benefits of access to safe early medical abortion for their health, well-being, and autonomy. The current abortion law, which dates back to 1861, harms women by creating a climate of stigma, shame, and isolation." A BBC News article discussing Irish women's use of online medication services to acquire the abortion pill quotes PRC faculty research associate Abigail Aiken's recent publication on this trend in Northern Ireland.
Irish Women Report Relief And Gratitude After Using Abortion Pills, The Guardian, Abigail Aiken (October 17, 2016)
The Guardian profiled PRC faculty research associate Abigail Aiken's research on women who used the abortion pill at home in Ireland. Abortion is illegal in Ireland, placing significant obstacles in access to abortion care and perpetuating inequalities. Aiken's research is quoted, "These barriers create a stark health inequity: women with financial and social resources can access offshore termination of pregnancy, while women who lack such resources cannot."
India Has Programmes to Alleviate Hunger But Not The Will to Enforce Them, Scroll, Diane Coffey (October 15, 2016)
“When pregnant women are undernourished it leads to neonatal death and to the birth of smaller, sicker babies." Diane Coffey's research is quoted in a Scroll article reporting on the government's efforts to end hunger in India.
The Perpetual Panic of American Parenthood, New York Times, Jennifer Glass (October 13, 2016)
A New York Times article profiles Jennifer Glass' research on the significant "happiness gap" between parents and non-parents in the U.S: "The main sources of parents’ unhappiness are the lack of paid vacation and sick leave, and the high cost of child care."
Are You Stressed About School?, New York Times, David Yeager (October 13, 2016)
"Though academic and social pressures continue to pile on in high school, teenagers can be taught effective coping skills to skirt the pitfalls of anxiety and depression." David Yeager's research is profiled in a piece encouraging students to discuss how they experience and manage stress in The New York Times.
3 Ways to Get Kids to Eat Better, New York Times, David Yeager (October 12, 2016).
Some advice from The New York Times on helping kids eat well, referencing David Yeager's work on tapping into teen rebelliousness.
Black Children Are More Likely To Get Hit By School Teachers, Report Says, Star-Telegram, Elizabeth Gershoff (October 10, 2016)
"Black children are disproportionately at the receiving ends of these punishments, even though white children are typically more likely to attend a school that allows the practice" Liz Gershoff's research is profiled in an article by The Huffington Post.
The Gray Gender Gap: Older Women Are Likelier to Go It Alone, New York Times, Debra Umberson (October 7, 2016)
This exploratory piece in The New York Times quotes PRC Director Debra Umberson on the gendered dynamics of older women living solo: “'Divorce and widowhood are terrible for your health... Economic hardship is bad for your health...' And, again, unmarried women take the brunt of that."
Teachers Still Hit Kids, And Some Suffer More Than Others, Vocativ, Elizabeth Gershoff (October 5, 2016)
“[Corporal punishment] doesn’t work, it’s hurting children, and there’s lots of other ways to discipline children,” Gershoff said. “It’s time for the United States to join the 21st century and stop hitting children at school.”
Study: More Than 160,000 Students In 19 States Are Victims Of Corporal Punishment, USA Today, Elizabeth Gershoff (October 5, 2016)
"Researchers note that black children in more than half of school districts in Alabama and Mississippi, for instance, are at least 51% more likely to receive corporal punished than white children, while in one-fifth of districts in both states, black children are more than 500%, or five times as likely, to be spanked or paddled." PRC Faculty Research Associate Liz Gershoff has published new research in Social Policy Report on racial disparities in corporal punishment in schools.
Teaching Teenagers to Cope With Social Stress, New York Times, David Yeager (September 29, 2016)
Almost four million American teenagers have just started their freshman year of high school. Can they learn better ways to deal with all that stress and insecurity? New research suggests they can." The New York Times profiles David Yeager's work on teenagers, stress, and the belief that things can change.
Reasons for Texas' Surge in Pregnancy-Related Deaths Cloaked in Secrecy, Bad Data, Dallas News, Daniel Grossman (September 28, 2016)
Can a Change in Mindset Help Teens De-stress?, The Huffington Post, David Yeager (September 19, 2016)
David Yeager's "growth mindset" research is covered in The Huffington Post. "The good news is that it may be surprisingly easy to convince teenagers to think more flexibly—in this case, with just a 25-minute activity. And it’s likely that ongoing learning and discussion about the growth mindset could have an even greater impact."
Teenagers More Likely To Eat Healthily If They Think It Is Rebellious, The Guardian, David Yeager (September 12, 2016)
David Yeager's research is featured in The Guardian: “If the normal way of seeing healthy eating is that it is lame, then you don’t want to be the kind of person who is a healthy eater. But if we make healthy eating seem like the rebellious thing that you do, you make your own choices, you fight back against injustice, then it could be seen as high status.”
Can Teenage Defiance Be Manipulated for Good?, New York Times, David Yeager (September 12, 2016)
A new study from David Yeager, a PRC investigator, showed that representing healthy eating as an act of defiance made more teenagers want to do it, via The New York Times.
High Cost to Bear, Times Literary Supplement, Toni Falbo (September 7, 2016)
Toni Falbo's book review in the Times Literary Supplement reviews three books on the ethics of having only one child, focusing largely on China's one-child policy and the environmental impacts of population growth. She writes, "Limiting all young couples to one child may seem reasonable from a theoretical perspective, as one means of addressing our climate crisis, but the costs of a strict pursuit of this goal will have lasting and negative consequences for human populations."
Living With Your Significant Other Seriously Impacts Your Chances of Marriage, Thrillist, Kelly Raley (September 7, 2016)
Thrillist features PRC research by Kelly Raley on why some cohabitating couples are marrying less: "Low-income and unstable employment are a big part of the answer. For example, some couples might decide to get married when they feel that they are able to buy a house. Those who can't scrape together a down payment or who are unsure they'll be able to pay the mortgage every month might continue to wait. The couples who aren't sure they can maintain a lease will be even more hesitant to commit to marriage."
These Are The Top ‘Deal Breakers’ For Online Dating, According To Sociologists, Science Magazine, Ken-Hou Lin (September 2, 2016)
PRC online dating expert Ken-Hou Lin is quoted in this piece analyzing "deal breakers," such as age, height, or weight, in online partner selection. His verdict? "The science is absolutely solid. I expect positive selection to kick in at a later stage of the search."
Audits Of Some Medicare Advantage Plans Reveal Pervasive Overcharging, NPR, Michael Geruso (August 29, 2016)
PRC researcher Michael Geruso said aggressive coding practices have had a "huge impact on taxpayer spending" for the Medicare Advantage program.
Task Force Explores Why Texas Had Higher Pregnancy Death Rates in Study, ABC News, Daniel Grossman (August 25, 2016)
It’s Family, Not Friends, Who May Help You Live Longer, Study Says, The Washington Post, Debra Umberson (August 22, 2016)
The Washington Post features a study showing that people with more family members in their network, not friends, were less likely to die. This study builds off PRC Director Debra Umberson's research showing how relationships "cascade throughout life to foster cumulative advantage or disadvantage in health.”
Students Who Get Better Grades Are More Likely to Move Away, Time, Chandra Muller (August 22, 2016).
“Although the data do not allow us to establish whether early skills and education cause migration and living in a labor market with a better economy, the evidence is consistent with the possibility,” said lead study author Chandra Muller, a University of Texas at Austin sociology professor.
New Clues in the Mystery of Women’s Lagging Life Expectancy, New York Times, Mark Hayward (August 22, 2016)
"Explaining Inequalities in Women's Mortality Between U.S. States," a new publication in SSM Population Health including PRC researcher Mark Hayward on the author team, examines the large inequalities in women's mortality between U.S. states. Read more about the study in The New York Times.
If You Push Your Childen To Succeed You May End Up Pushing Them Away, Forbes, Chandra Muller (August 22, 2016)
“The uneven expansion of high-skilled jobs creates geographic inequalities in the workforce opportunities and differential opportunities for upward social mobility across generations.” Chandra Muller's new research on academic achievement and the likelihood of moving away is covered in Forbes.
Why Zika Prevention Messaging Needs to Include Men, Texas Standard, Abigail Aiken (August 15, 2016)
Abigail Aiken speaks to the Texas Standard on the need for Zika prevention efforts to target men.
Running Circles around Us: East African Olympians' Advantage May Be More Than Physical, Scientific American, Catherine Riegle-Crumb (August 8, 2016)
PRC research makes the Olympic coverage! Scientific American Magazine uses Catherine Riegle-Crumb's study of the gender gap in females studying physics to analyze the cultural determinants of East Africans' advantage in Olympic running: "Knowing someone who does something is always more powerful than knowing of someone who does it."
Guns Influence Culture And Laws In Texas, Texas Standard, Harel Shapira (July 29, 2016)
As the 50th anniversary of the Tower shooting is observed and UT Austin "campus carry" goes into effect, PRC research associate Harel Shapira comments on people's motivations for bearing arms: “'People’s primary motivation for purchasing firearms shifted from hunting and sports to primarily self-defense/self-protection. And I think one of the things that reveals to us is an increasing sense of insecurity among the population."
9 Signs You Don't Have Quality Friendships & How To Fix The Problem, Bustle, Debra Umberson (July 29, 2016)
"According to Dr. Debra Umberson, a sociologist at the University of Texas: 'Strong social relationships support mental health, and that ties into better immune function, reduced stress and less cardiovascular activation.' The same article also cites a study that found that friendship can do as much for our health as quitting smoking and exercise. Basically, friendship doesn't just help make us happy; it helps make us healthy."
Vocational Training Benefits Men More Than Women, Study Suggests, Seattle Times, Amanda Bosky (July 29, 2016)
“That is really our main point, to keep in mind that women suffer if you relax the academic offerings in response to bringing in vocational training,” [PRC graduate student] Amanda Bosky said.
The Antidote to Our Anxious Times Is a Learning Mindset, Harvard Business Review, David Yeager (July 28, 2016)
"The only long-term solution [to society's anxiety about lack of employment] is to create what I and my colleague David Yeager, of the University of Texas at Austin, call 'a nation of learners' — a nation of people who seek challenging tasks, know how to wrestle them into shape, and know how to see them through. Right now the U.S. is not a nation of learners. People want to learn, but they underestimate what they can do." From Carol Dweck, Stanford University' s Department of Psychology.
Here’s How to Make Any Place Feel Like Home, Verily, Becky Pettit (July 28, 2016)
Becky Pettit is quoted as an expert on moving residences for children: "The desire for permanence is a necessary part of a person’s ongoing formation, beginning as children. Pettit reports that moves, especially early in life, can have profound affects on us as we struggle with the loss of social capital. Pettit writes that social capital refers to relationships between people or communities, which, "like economic or human capital, may be used to foster skills and capabilities of children." According to Pettit's and other researchers' findings, residential mobility, "disrupts social capital by breaking ties between parents, children, and other members of a community."
Inside Trump's Pledge to Build the Wall, and Make Mexico Pay, Politifact, Nestor Rodriguez (July 26, 2016)
PolitiFact quotes PRC immigration expert Nestor Rodriguez in this investigation of Trump's plan to build a wall. "Even if Trump wanted to impose remittance regulations, immigrants might find ways around it... Someone else with legal status may send the money to Mexico on behalf of the undocumented immigrant, or send money in cash with people traveling."
5 Ways Getting A Divorce Can Impact Your Health, SELF, Mark Hayward (July 21, 2016)
SELF Magazine examines the impact of divorce on health, quoting PRC researcher Mark Hayward on the increased risk of heart attack for divorced women: “The bottom line is that cardiovascular consequences of divorce [may be] much more drastic for women than they are for men."
Trump: 180,000 Illegal Immigrants with Records Remain in US, Politifact, Nestor Rodriguez (July 22, 1016)
Trump's claim: "Nearly 180,000 illegal immigrants with criminal records, ordered deported from our country, are tonight roaming free to threaten peaceful citizens." PRC expert Nestor Rodriguez is quoted by Politifact in an investigation of this claim: "Many young mothers with small children who seek asylum do not appear before immigration judges to argue their case and thus are considered deported for criminal behavior (not appearing). These women and other migrants are not threatening ‘peaceful citizens’ but looking for informal jobs to support their families." Politifact concludes: Trump's claim is mostly true, but needs additional information.
Morning After: The Supreme Court Strikes Down Texas' Tough Anti-Abortion Rules, Dallas Observer, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (July 19, 2016)
“The reality is that abortion, as currently practiced, in the U.S. at outpatient clinics and specifically in Texas, is very, very safe. There may be a misperception among the public about it that leads them to think that these laws may serve some public good, but the reality is that abortion is very safe,” says TxPEP investigator Daniel Grossman.
When Vocational Education Leaves Girls Behind, The Atlantic, April Sutton (alum), Amanda Bosky and Chandra Muller (July 15, 2016)
"The 'assumption that both men and women would equally benefit' when vocational training is offered is not accurate." April Sutton, Amanda Bosky and Chandra Muller explore the gendered implications of career-and-technical programs for the August issue of the American Sociological Review.
On Point with Tom Ashbrook | Podcasts, NPR Jennifer Glass (July 13, 2016)
Dr. Jennifer Glass from the Population Research Center and the Council on Contemporary Families is featured on NPR. She explains in-depth her recent research on the "happiness gap" between parents and non-parents in the US.
How a Decade in Texas Changed Elizabeth Warren, Texas Tribune, PRC (July 13, 2016)
The Tribune profiles Elizabeth Warren's time in Texas, some of which was spent affiliated with the UT PRC researching bankruptcy demographics with then-director Teresa Sullivan. The book resulting from this research, "As We Forgive Our Debtors: Bankruptcy and Consumer Credit in America," showed that debtors, to much surprise, were not people on the fringes of society, but instead people who "had pursued the trappings of the American dream — stable jobs, families, houses — and still lost."
Congress and America's Trickle Down Culture of Fear and Suspicion, Huffington Post, John Traphagan (July 10, 2016)
In a Huffington Post column, PRC research associate John W. Traphagan examines the Dallas shootings cross-culturally, focusing on the differences between the U.S. and Japan. "When I look at America from abroad, that’s really where the problem seems to lie — Americans have created a culture of suspicion and distrust over the past few decades that pervades the relationships between and among those who have different opinions about how best to organize society and keep people safe, productive, and happy."
Women and Children Are Pawns in Zika Politics, Time, Abigail Aiken (July 5, 2016)
PRC research associate Abigail Aiken in TIME on the failure of Congress to pass a Zika appropriations bill: "At the heart of Congress’ failure to ensure equitable access to contraception and abortion is a craven political choice: that reproductive autonomy and individual liberty matter less than ideological pandering. This posturing must stop. With such high stakes, those with the power to make public policy that places women in control of their own reproductive decisions must ensure safe, legal, and accessible reproductive choices."
The Biggest Lie that American Parents Tell, Chicago Tribune, Jennifer Glass (July 6, 2016)
"The United States provides minimal assistance to parents, including paid parental leave, mandatory paid sick and vacation days, subsidized child care, and work schedule flexibility, they say. And parenthood is also unusually expensive in the United States, due to the high cost of private education and a lack of public subsidies for childcare. In 2012, the U.S. Department of Agriculture estimated that a middle-income American family is likely to spend $234,900 to raise a child born in 2011 to age 17. If the kid goes to college, that figure may double." Research from Jennifer Glass in the news.
Austin’s Jennifer Aldoretta Talks Menstruation with Humans, Austin American-Statesman, Shannon Cavanagh (July 4, 2016)
“I think the stigma of periods speaks to a fundamental stigma of women’s reproduction,” says [PRC researcher Shannon] Cavanagh. “Educating women on their periods demystifies them, it makes them feel like they’re in control of their bodies.”
How Zika Virus Could Slip Through Texas' Health Safety Net, Texas Observer, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (July 1, 2016)
TxPEP data is cited in this Zika infographic detailing the Zika cases in Texas.
Buffett-Backed Abortion Researchers Messed With Texas and Won, Bloomberg, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (July 1, 2016)
“TxPEP was able to collect and analyze Texas-specific data about the impact of this law in real time,” said Stephanie Toti, the Center for Reproductive Rights attorney who argued before the Supreme Court. Because much of the other research in the field involves nationwide data, "all of that was incredibly helpful, and filled a gap that otherwise existed in the research landscape.”
The Real Reason You’ll Never Be Able to Parent Like a French Mom, The Cut, Jennifer Glass (June 30, 2016)
Women in America's Blue-Collar Communities Face the Biggest Pay Gap, Bloomberg, April Sutton (alum), Amanda Bosky, and Chandra Muller (June 29, 2016)
"Educators need to consider gender more prominently in discussions on how to add more vocational education while maintaining a path to college for students, Sutton said. So far, the research shows that classes such as advanced math are losing out when the emphasis switches to skilled jobs." More on recent PRC research in the American Sociological Review by PRC alum April Sutton, PRC graduate student trainee Amanda Bosky, and PRC research associate Chandra Muller.
Women Losing Out on Career and Technical Education, U.S. News and World Report, April Sutton (alum), Amanda Bosky, and Chandra Muller (June 29. 2016)
Study on high school blue-collar training by PRC alum April Sutton, PRC graduate student trainee Amanda Bosky, and PRC research associate Chandra Muller covered in U.S. News & World Report: "The research couldn’t be timelier. A bipartisan group of House members introduced a bill Tuesday to update the long overdue career and technical education law, which provides federal support to state and local career and technical education programs so students can gain experience in high-skill, in-demand fields."
We’re Failing Women Amid the Zika Crisis, Dallas Morning News, Abigail Aiken (June 29, 2016)
Is There Any Room Left For Empirical Research On Family Planning?, Health Affairs Blog, Joseph Potter and Amanda Stevenson (June 28, 2016)
A Major Victory for Abortion Rights, New York Times, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (June 27, 2016)
TxPEP is cited in this New York Times editorial board piece on the Supreme Court decision.
A Strategy Session With Some of Educations Top Thinkers, The New York Times, David Yeager (June 23, 2016)
David Yeager's work is cited in this "strategy session" in the The New York Times.
Abortion Demand 'Soars' Amid Zika Fear, BBC, Abigail Aiken (June 23, 2016)
Abigail Aiken's NEJM correspondence covered by the BBC: "Fears over the Zika virus have contributed to a 'huge' increase in the number of women in Latin America wanting abortions, researchers say. Estimates suggest there has been at least a doubling in requests in Brazil and an increase of a third in other countries." http://www.bbc.com/news/health-36595448
American Dads Are Miserable Compared To The Rest Of The World, Ask Men, Jennifer Glass (June 19, 2016)
Ask Men reports on the Council on Contemporary Families study showing the lowest parental happiness in the US out of the 22 countries studied.
This Supreme Court Case Propelled By Right-Wing Media Myths Could Have Major National Consequences, Media Matters for America, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (June 20, 2016)
"Research conducted by the Texas Policy Evaluation Project (TxPEP) demonstrated the law has 'resulted in significant burdens for women' attempting to access abortion care, and the burdens would disproportionately impact low-income women, women of color, and Latinas in particular."
Contemporary Changes in the Transition into Adulthood, Work in Progress, Chelsea Smith, Robert Crosnoe, Shih-Yi Chao (June 16, 2016)
Workaholics May Be At Greater Risk For These Psychiatric Disorders, Huffington Post, Daniel Hamermesh (June 16, 2016)
Why Are Parents in the U.S. So Unhappy Compared to the Rest of the World?, Fusion, Jennifer Glass (June 16, 2016)
“The bad news is that of the 22 countries we studied, the U.S. has the largest happiness shortfall among parents compared to nonparents, significantly larger than the gap found in Great Britain and Australia,” wrote Jennifer Glass, a sociology professor at the University of Texas at Austin and co-author of the study.
A Small Fix in Mind-Set Can Keep Students in School, Wall Street Journal, David Yeager (June 16, 2016)
Work by David Yeager is referenced in this article exploring mindset in students.
A World Without Uber, The Atlantic, Daniel Hamermesh (June 16, 2016)
Analysis of the Austin Uber / Lyft shut down (and the upsurge in replacements), including analysis from PRC research associate Daniel Hamermesh. "Hamermesh predicts that the [rideshare company] survivors will be the ones that treat drivers well and give them a relatively high percentage of each fare; drivers who feel supported tend to provide a better customer experience."
American Parents Are the Unhappiest Out of 22 Countries, Chicago Tribune, Jennifer Glass (June 16, 2016)
"It's almost like trying to raise children and earn a living in a country with zero weeks of guaranteed paid leave and child care that costs as much as college is draining. Who knew? Parents. Parents knew. (And know.)" Research by PRC affiliate Jennifer Glass with the Council on Contemporary Families.
For U.S. Parents, a Troubling Happiness Gap, New York Times, Jennifer Glass (June 17, 2016)
"In countries that gave parents what researchers called 'the tools to combine work and family,' the negative impact of parenting on happiness disappeared." New research from the Council on Contemporary Familiesauthored by PRC researcher Jennifer Glass.
Surprise, Surprise: American Parents Are the Least Happy Parents in the Western World, Slate, Jennifer Glass (June 16, 2016)
“The negative effects of parenthood on happiness were entirely explained by the presence or absence of social policies allowing parents to better combine paid work with family obligations. And this was true for both mothers and fathers.” From a research brief by PRC researcher Jennifer Glass for the Council on Contemporary Families.
The “Parenting Happiness Gap” is Real, New Research Confirms, Quartz, Jennifer Glass (June 16, 2016)
"Paid sick and vacation leave and subsidized child care showed the largest impact on improving the happiness of non-parents as well as parents, [PRC affiliate Jennifer] Glass said. This is important, because policies that spend tax money to help parents at the expense of non-parents tend to be less popular."
Many Parents Are Happier Than Non-Parents — But Not in the U.S., Time, Jennifer Glass (June 16, 2016)
“There have been some people running around saying that happiness is like a fixed pie and as parents get more, non-parents get less; or that social policy that help parents hurts non-parents,” says [PRC researcher] Jennifer Glass. “That’s clearly not true. ”
On Father’s Day, Remember Helping Dads Helps Children, Fort Worth Star-Telegram, Robert Crosnoe (June 14, 2016)
PRC researcher Robert Crosnoe published an opinion column on fatherhood in the Fort Worth Star-Telegram for Father's Day. In the piece, he discusses social and cultural barriers to involved fatherhood in the United States. He concludes: "It is a worthy cause to give fathers the help that they need to stick around and get involved. It might take a lot of time and effort, but that help would be good for fathers, good for children and good for society."
Should Grit Be Taught and Tested in School?, Scientific American, David Yeager (July 1, 2016)
PRC's David Yeager is quoted alongside Angela Duckworth in this piece discussing whether or not non-cognitive measures such as grit should be evaluated in schools. “You can't make high-stakes decisions based on measurements that can actually be wrong in the wrong direction,” Yeager says. “You reward the people who are the worst and punish the people who are the best.”
Why the US Is So Far Behind in Electing a Woman Head of State, Vox, Pamela Paxton (June 10, 2016)
PRC's Pamela Paxton is quoted in this article on the possibility for the first female POTUS.
How Men Are Hurt by the "Ideal Worker" Norm, CBS, David Pedulla (June 10, 2016)
PRC's David Pedulla: "We find that part-time work has severe penalizing consequences for men. It's as penalizing as being unemployed. There are real negative penalizations for men that we don't see for women."
Disadvantaged College Students Perform Better When Aware of Upcoming Challenges, Daily Texan, David Yeager (June 8, 2016)
The Daily Texan covers research from PRC associate David Yeager on helping disadvantaged college students succeed: "Students of color and first-generation students that are more aware of the difficulties they might face are more likely to become involved on campus, have better relationships with others and succeed at a higher rate."
Why Grown Children Living At Home Doesn’t Have to be a Bad Thing, Texas Standard, Karen Fingerman (July 9, 2016)
“For young adults who can live with their parents and can get ahead financially by doing so, it can be very beneficial,” [PRC researcher Karen] Fingerman says. “If the two can have a more pair-like relationship, it can very rewarding for both parties. … People in other cultures will say, ‘Well, this is normal in my culture, and we really like it.'”
Why it’s OK for grown children to move back home, Dallas Morning News, Karen Fingerman (June 2, 2016)
"If co-residence between generations is a reflection of economic distress, this does not bode well for the future. On the other hand, the bonds between parents and grown children are stronger than ever, and this may bode well." PRC's Karen Fingerman's guest column in the Dallas Morning News on adult children living with their parents.
The Unexpected Benefits of Those Embarrassing 'Uh-Oh' Moments, Huffington Post, David Yeager (June 2, 2016)
"A research review by [PRC affiliate] David Yeager of the University of Texas at Austin and Carol Dweck of Stanford University finds that students who believe that their intellectual abilities can be developed and grow (as opposed to being fixed) tend to show higher achievement."
Crossing the 'Abortion Desert': Women Increasingly Travel Out of Their States for the Procedure, Los Angeles Times, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (June 2, 2016)
"Since the Texas law passed, women have had to drive four times farther for abortion services – from 17 to 70 miles – and often wait three times longer for appointments, according to studies by the Texas Policy Evaluation Project. About 10% of the women surveyed report having to drive at least 250 miles to reach a clinic." TxPEP research in the Los Angeles Times.
Five Things to Know About the State of Medical Abortion in Texas, Dallas Observer, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (May 31, 2016)
TxPEP research is extensively cited in this piece on the changes in FDA regulation of medication abortion in Texas.
How Men Can Pay a High Price for Taking a Part-Time Job, Wall Street Journal, David Pedulla (May 31, 2016)
“For both male and female workers, taking a job below their skill level really results in severe penalties in terms of the job opportunities that are available to them,” Pedulla said. The Wall Street Journal revisits recent research by the PRC's David Pedulla.
Guns on Campus Make Colleges Less Safe, New York Times, Javier Auyero (May 31, 2016)
PRC researcher Javier Auyero in the The New York Times on campus carry: "I fear that sharing a classroom with students “packing heat” will stop shocking us as it now does, and that we will become something other than what we are: Women and men committed to teaching and learning in environments where everybody can freely express his or her ideas."
It's Still Hard To Get Birth Control Pills In California Without A Prescription, NPR, Joseph Potter and Kristine Hopkins with the Border Contraceptive Access Study (May 26, 2016)
The PRC's Border Contraceptive Access Project research is discussed in this NPR piece on getting birth control pills without a prescription: "Indeed, studies of U.S. residents living near the Texas border with Mexico found that women who obtained their birth control over the counter in Mexican pharmacies were somewhat less likely to go to the doctor for other preventive care, compared to women who got contraception at medical clinics. But women who had to go to a clinic were also more likely to stop using birth control, in part because of having to schedule a doctor's visit to get it."
'Helping Children Succeed' Starts At Birth; A Case For The Power Of Nurture, NPR, David Yeager (May 24, 2016)
David Yeager's research is referenced in this NPR piece looking at strategies for advancing early childhood education and care.
Why Obama's Overtime Rule May Barely Dent the Economy, Los Angeles Times, Daniel Hamermesh and Stephen Trejo (May 24, 2016)
“I don’t think man lives by output alone. I am a firm believer that Americans work too much,” Hamermesh said. “If we can’t get our act together to cut back, and this legislation gets us to work a little bit less, maybe that’s not such a bad thing.” Study by PRC researchers Daniel Hamermesh and Stephen Trejo cited in the Los Angeles Times.
The Gap Between Black and White Mortality Is Narrowing, Huffington Post, Mark Hayward (May 18, 2016)
PRC researcher Mark Hayward speaks on opioid abuse in thisHuffington Post article on race and life expectancy in the US: “Poverty and stress, for example, are risk factors for misuse of prescription narcotics.”
Catching Up to Science, Austin Chronicle, Texas Policy Evaluation Project (May 20, 2016)
TxPEP research featured in the Austin Chronicle investigation of medication abortion: "In the first six months following HB 2, medication abortion fell by a staggering 70% compared to the year prior, TxPEP found. Similarly, in an article published in the American Journal of Public Health, researchers surveyed 398 women seeking abortions at 10 facilities (including Austin) between May and August 2014 and reported that nearly 40% of women who now lived further from abortion care due to HB 2 clinic regulations had to schedule a surgical procedure instead of their preferred method, a medication abortion." #HB2
White and Potter: Misinformation skews public support for abortion laws, Houston Chronicle, Joseph Potter for Texas Policy Evaluation Project (May 19, 2016)
"A majority of women in Texas do not support the restrictions on abortion that HB2 and other recent laws have mandated, such as requiring physicians who perform abortions to have admitting privileges at a nearby hospital or requiring facilities where abortions are provided to meet ambulatory surgical center standards. More than half of the women surveyed (55 percent) had not heard of these laws, or if they had, did not know much about the laws' provisions." Houston Chronicle op-ed by TxPEP investigator Dr. Kari White and lead investigator Dr. Joe Potter on Texas women's knowledge of and support for abortion restrictions such as #HB2.
White House Increases Overtime Eligibility by Millions, New York Times, Daniel Hamermesh (May 17, 2016)
Big news: White House expands overtime pay eligibility to those making up to $47,476 a year. Opinions abound as to the potential impact, and Emeritus Daniel Hamermesh shares his: "Daniel Hamermesh, a labor economist at the Institute for the Study of Labor, predicted that base wages would fall somewhat over time, but that the higher overtime payments would more than offset any loss in regular salary levels."
2016 U.S. News/Raytheon STEM Index Shows Uptick in Hiring, Education, U.S. News and World Report, Catherine Riegle-Crumb (May 17, 2016)
PRC's Catherine Riegle-Crumb is quoted in this U.S. News and World Report analysis of STEM degree trends. On the rise of good student AP computer science scores, Riegle-Crumb says, "This is definitely good news, but we have a long way to go before we change the landscape and really get the majority of our young people engaged in computer science coursework in high school."
Analysis: Abortion clinic closures increase burdens for Texas women, MSNBC, Caitlin Gerdts from Texas Policy Evaluation Project (May 14, 2016)
Fraudulently or not, overlooked practice of ‘upcoding’ costs Medicare billions, Center for Health Journalism, Michael Geruso (May 12, 2016)
PRC and Department of Economics professor Michael Geruso further explains the systemic practice of upcoding in Medicare: "It is really sexy to think about targeting fraud, but fraud compromises the minority of the differences in coding and it’s not the economically-relevant phenomenon. If the reporting doesn’t understand that, we might be missing the forest for the trees."
My parents made the smartest financial decision of my life, Market Watch, Toni Falbo (May 12, 2016)
PRC researcher and Educational Psychology professor Toni Falbo speaks out on only children in this article about the economics of family size: “The one-child family is not thought to be ideal.There’s still this deep-seated prejudice to only children.The assumption is that only children are overindulged and spoiled, and it’s unclear if that’s true.”
At Brunches and Happy Hours, Black Gays Discover Camaraderie in Austin, Reporting Texas, Eric McDaniel (May 11, 2016)
“There’s a don’t-ask, don’t-tell mentality in the church,” said Eric McDaniel, a professor in the Center for African and African-American Studies at the University of Texas at Austin. He cited what he called a pervasive joke in black churches: “There are men you know are gay, like the male choir director. You’re just not allowed to talk about it. They may frown upon it, but they also don’t support discriminatory practices,” he said. “They realize there is a group they are underserving.”
When Mainers act like rats (and why that's a good thing), Central Maine Morning Centinel, Pamela Paxton (May 10, 2016)
On rats and reciprocity! UT Sociology and PRC researcher Pamela Paxton's work on social capital and general reciprocity is cited in this exploration of rats' community behaviors.
Is “Grit” the Key to Success or an Old Idea Dressed Up to Be the Latest Self-Help Sensation?, Slate, Elliot Tucker-Drob and Paige Harden (May 8, 2016)
What's the deal with "grit"? "Two recent twin studies (one of which is not yet published) looked at how grit and other personality traits predict academic success and how they relate to genetics. Like many other studies, they find that grit has little predictive value of its own... But the analyses of twins reveal something else:... there’s no evidence that the differences in how we’re treating kids today—the standard range of parental styles and pedagogic modes—are doing much at all to grow (or shrink) their grit." Sneak preview of upcoming research from PRC's Psychology Department researchers Elliot Tucker-Drob and Paige Harden.
Cruz’s spanking fetish: Ted Cruz’s authoritarian streak comes out when he urges spanking a child..., Salon, Liz Gershoff (May 3, 2016)
Liz Gershoff's spanking study is cited in Salon in response to Ted Cruz's "spanking shout out," in which he suggested spanking a child heckler.
Missing From Medicare Advantage: True Competition, New York Times, Mike Geruso (May 2, 2016)
PRC researcher and UT health economist Michael Geruso's work is cited in this The Upshot story on upcoding in Medicare.
UT Sociologist Harel Shapira on American Gun Culture, The Alcalde, Harel Shapira (April 28, 2016)
Texas Exes publication The Alcalde profiles PRC's Harel Shapira's work on gun ownership. Shapira says, "One of the things I try to do through an enthnographic approach is to capture a sense of the meaning of gun ownership from the perspective of gun owners. To bring life to it, to see people and hear them, which provides a kind of depth and life to the analysis that someone from economics or statistics might not be able to give us."
Where Does Fear of Refugees Come From? The Atlantic, Mark Warr (April 27, 2016)
"Even a small increase in apparent risk (like a locally reported rape or rapes) can generate substantial and widespread fear.” The Atlantic quotes PRC researcher Mark Warr on the thinking behind the fear of refugees.
Risks of harm from spanking confirmed by analysis of 5 decades of research, Science Daily, Elizabeth Gershoff (April 26, 2016)
"The more children are spanked, the more likely they are to defy their parents and to experience increased anti-social behavior, aggression, mental health problems and cognitive difficulties, according to a new meta-analysis of 50 years of research on spanking."
Is there life after Facebook? How to know when it's time to leave the social network behind, National Post, Wenhong Chen (April 25, 2016)
PRC Faculty Research Associate Wenhong Chen is quoted as an expert on Facebook and social networking in this National Post piece. “The platform helps people to maintain their social capital and friendships,” she says, “but the communication overload can have a negative psychological effect.”
UT’s Stephen Russell Is Advancing LGBT Student Civil Rights, The Alcalde, Stephen Russell (April 22, 2016)
PRC Researcher Stephen Russell's research on LGBT student civil rights was recently featured in Texas Exes magazine The Alcalde. Russell says, “The entire story of the Civil Rights Movement is that it wasn’t easy,” he says. “But it was in order to ultimately create change that was productive for everyone. I think we’ll look back in 20 years and we’ll say ‘Oh wow. We were in a different place.’”
Do Genes Time One's Loss of Virginity?, Scientific American, Paige Harden (April 18, 2016)
The PRC and UT Psychology Department scholar Paige Harden responds in Scientific American magazine to a recent study from Nature Genetics that claims the genes that drive puberty also influence some of the next stages of sexuality: age at first intercourse and—for women—age at first birth. "Having the genetic tools provided by the study will help social scientists like herself deepen their own analyses, says Harden."
Looming U.S. Zika Threat Highlights Perennial Low-Birth Weight Crisis for Black Moms, Huffington Post, Catherine Cubbin (April 7, 2016)
The Huffington Post features PRC faculty research associate Catherine Cubbin on the need to address the long-standing crisis of low birthweight babies in the U.S. As news coverage focuses on the potential spread of Zika, Cubbins writes, "Despite being world-class and first-rate in every way, for at least a century, the United States has been satisfied in accepting the fact that some newborn babies just won’t make it, especially black ones." She concludes, "A socially just society demands that all women — especially black women — should experience pregnancy and birth without the added fear of premature labor or their baby’s death. And black babies deserve an equal chance to live long and healthy lives."
What Will Texas’ New Repro Health Safety Net Look Like?, Texas Observer, Joseph Potter and Amanda Stevenson from Texas Policy Evaluation Project (April 7, 2016)
An article in The Texas Observer explores the nuances of the upcoming Healthy Texas Women and Expanded Family Planning programs. "According to the draft rules, the new Healthy Texas Women (HTW) program — a consolidation of what is now the Texas Women’s Health Program and the Expanded Primary Health Care program — will cover birth control, lab testing, vaccines and breast and cervical cancer screenings. The Expanded Family Planning Program will cover the same services, plus prenatal care." TxPEP research from NEJM by Amanda Stevenson and Joseph Potter is cited.
- Callahan, Rebecca - The Folly of Under-Educating the Undocumented (The Atlantic, March 16, 2016)
- Fingerman, Karen - What Aging Parents Want From Their Kids (The Atlantic, March 4, 2016)
- Pedulla, David - Here’s Why Men Might Be Better Off With No Job Than a Part-Time Job (TIME, March 16, 2016)
- Pedulla, David - Part-time work could hurt jobseekers' future prospects, UT study finds (Austin Business Journal, March 3, 2016)
- Pedulla, David - Even a Short Spell of Underemployment Can Wreck a Career (Fortune, March 25, 2016)
- Russell, Stephen - Why Schools Need To Learn More About Their Students’ Sexual Identities (Huffington Post, March 28, 2016)
- Russell, Stephen - Why Schools Need to Learn More About Their Students' Sexual Identities (Huffington Post, March 28, 2016)
- Russell, Stephen - Should Schools Ask Students About Their Sexual Orientation to Protect LGBT Rights? (Washington Post, March 27, 2016)
- Tucker-Drob, Elliot - Genes and the American Dream (Scientific American, March 29, 2016)
- Pettit, Becky - America has locked up so many black people it has warped our sense of reality (Washington Post, February 26, 2016)
- Potter, Joseph - After Planned Parenthood closures, poor women started having more babies (Washington Post, February 6, 2016)
- Trejo, Stephen - Mixed marriages are changing the way we think about our race (Washington Post, February 17, 2016)
- Trejo, Stephen - Latinos May Be More Educated, Wealthier: Here's Why We Don't Know It (NBC, February 24, 2016)
- Yeager, David - Testing for Joy and Grit? Schools Nationwide Push to Measure Students’ Emotional Skills (New York Times, February 29, 2016)
- Hayward, Mark - Drug Overdoses Propel Rise in Mortality Rates of Young Whites (New York Times, January 16, 2016)
- Linden, Leigh - What Data Can Do to Fight Poverty (New York Times, January 29, 2016)
- Potter, Joseph - Texans Try To Repair Damage Wreaked Upon Family Planning Clinics (NPR, January 28, 2016)