Department of Religious Studies

Joel Brereton


Ph.D., Yale University

Professor
Joel Brereton

Contact

  • Phone: 512-475-6024
  • Office: WCH 4.114
  • Office Hours: (Spring 2012) On leave
  • Campus Mail Code: G9300

Interests


Religion & literature of early India | Vedic studies | Sanskrit | Asian religions

Biography


Joel Brereton is Associate Professor of Asian Studies and Religious Studies and Chair of the Department of Asian Studies.  He received his Ph.D. in Religious Studies from Yale University.  Prior to coming to UT-Austin, he taught in the Department of Religion at Barnard College and the Department of Religious Studies at the University of Missouri, where he was Chair.

His research focuses on the religion and literature of early India, particularly the Vedas and Vedic interpretation.  He has published The Rgvedic Adityas as well as a number of articles and chapters on Indian religion.  His current project, funded by the National Endowment for the Humanities, is a new translation with Stephanie Jamison (UCLA) of the oldest Sanskrit text, the Rig Veda.  Publication is forthcoming.

Courses


R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

42715 • Spring 2016
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously. Part of the course, therefore, will consider the ways of life, forms of social action, and rituals practiced by different communities. Not all Asian traditions can be included in a one-semester survey. The traditions chosen have large numbers of adherents, possess particular historical significance, and represent different cultural areas. They include Hinduism, South and Southeast Asian Buddhism, South Asian Islam, Buddhism in Tibet, China, and Japan, Popular Chinese Religion, the Confucian and Daoist Traditions, and Shinto.

SAN 384S • The Upanishads

31725 • Spring 2016
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WCH 4.118

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

R S 321 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditn

43125 • Spring 2015
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM SZB 330
(also listed as ANS 340, ANT 324L, CTI 375, HIS 364G)

History of Hindu Religious Traditions

This course examines the principal themes of traditional Hinduism, the dominant religion of the Indian subcontinent. It gives special attention to the historical development of the tradition and its relation to social and cultural life in India. To the extent possible, the course will examine different forms of religious expression created within India. These include written texts that have been significant in the Hindu tradition, but they also comprise rituals that have been central to religious life, patterns of social action that embody Hindu values, and images and architecture that display the form and powers of the world.  

Written Requirements:
(1)  Nine microthemes (of the twelve or more posted). These microthemes are short (approximately one page), interpretive essays on assigned topics regarding the required reading or films.
(2)  Three quizzes.
(3)  Final essays due or written at the time of the final exam.

Grading:
Microthemes  ………………………………………………   45%
Three quizzes………………………………………………   30%
Final essays   ………………………………………………   20%
Attendance…………………………………………………     5%

Required Texts:
Anantha Murthy, U.R., Samskara. tr. by A. K. Ramanujan.  
Dimmitt, C. and J.A.B. van Buitenen, Classical Hindu Mythology:  A Reader in the Sanskrit Pur??as.
Hawley, John Stratton and Vasudha Narayanan, The Life of Hinduism. PCL Library e-book.
Miller, Barbara Stoler, tr.,  The  Bhagavad-Gita.
Narayan, R.K., tr.,  The Mah?bh?rata

Topics:
Origins: The Vedic Tradition
The Way of Insight: Religious Knowledge
The Formation of the Tradition: The Great Epics
The Way of Devotion: Worship of the Deities in Classical Hinduism
The Way of Action: Village Life and Regional Hinduism
Hinduism in Contemporary Society

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

44095 • Fall 2014
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby, R. Amore, (A. Hussain) World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed/4th ed. The Ramayana by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita) translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson, Basho's Narrow Road translated by H. Satol

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 15%, Final exam 30%, Attendance 10%

SAN 330 • Sanskrit Drama

32770 • Fall 2014
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM GAR 2.124
(also listed as SAN 384S)

Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

ANS 384 • Middle Indic Languages & Lits

32260 • Spring 2014
Meets T 3:30PM-6:30PM WCH 4.134A

Study of various aspects and periods of South Asian culture and society.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic and are given in the Course Schedule.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

44130 • Fall 2013
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

R S 321 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditions

43855 • Spring 2013
Meets TTH 12:30PM-2:00PM MEZ 1.306
(also listed as ANS 340, ANT 324L, CTI 375, HIS 364G)

This course examines the principal themes of traditional Hinduism, the dominant religion of the Indian subcontinent.  It gives special attention to the historical development of the tradition and its relation to social and cultural life in India.  To the extent possible, the course will examine different forms of religious expression created within India.  These include written texts which have been significant in the Hindu tradition, but they also comprise rituals that have been central to religious life, patterns of social action that embody Hindu values, and images and architecture that display the form and powers of the world.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

43660 • Fall 2012
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia.  It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each.  In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.  Part of the course, therefore, will consider the ways of life, forms of social action, and rituals practiced by different communities.  Not all Asian traditions can be included in a one-semester survey.  The traditions chosen have large numbers of adherents, have particular historical significance, and represent different cultural areas.

SAN 330 • Vedic Poetry

32570 • Fall 2012
Meets W 3:00PM-6:00PM MEZ 1.204
(also listed as SAN 384S)

Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

43560 • Fall 2011
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course offers a survey of the major religious traditions of Asia (Hinduism, Buddhism in South and East Asia, Confucianism, Daoism, and Shinto). It focuses on the historical development of their beliefs, practices, rituals, and customs in social context. The course will combine lectures with class discussions on readings.

SAN 330 • The Upanishads

32448 • Fall 2011
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM MEZ 1.104
(also listed as SAN 384S)

For fall 2011, this course will study the upani?ads, particularly the Br?had?ra?yaka Upani?ad, together with a selection from ?a?kara's commentary on the Br?had?ra?yaka Upani?ad, and selections from the late upani?ads

 

Texts:

Br?had?ra?yaka Upani?ad from A. Weber, ed., ?atapatha Br?hma?a in the M?dhya?dina Recension

Selections from other upani?ads from the editions in Patrick Olivelle, The Early Upani?ads

?a?kara's commentary from G. Govinda ??strin, ed., ???dida?opani?ada? ?a?karabh??yayuta?

 

Grading:

384S Class recitation 50%, Midterm 15%, Final 20%, Paper 15%

330   Class recitation 50%, Midterm 20%, Final 30%

SAN 330 • The Upanishads

32449 • Fall 2011
Meets TTH 12:30PM-2:00PM CAL 221
(also listed as SAN 384S)

Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

43515 • Fall 2010
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as ANS 301R, CTI 310)

This course will survey the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia.  It will focus particularly on the essential texts or narratives of these traditions, on the periods of their origins, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each.  In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.  Part of the course, therefore, will consider the ways of life, patterns of social action, and rituals practiced by different communities.  Not all Asian traditions can be included in a one-semester survey.  The traditions chosen have large numbers of adherents, or have particular historical significance, or represent different cultural areas.

TEXTS:

John L. Esposito et al., The Religions of Asia Today  
Burton Watson, tr., Zhuangzi:  Basic Writings
R. K. Narayan, tr., The Ramayana
Hiroaki Sato, tr., Basho's Narrow Road

GRADING:

Three quizzes            35%
Four essays            40%
Final                25%
Regrettably, excessive unexcused absences and persistent failure to prepare the assignments on time have deleterious effects on final grades for the class.  On the other hand, vigorous and informed participation in class discussions can help a grade.  Other factors, such as a student's progress or effort in the course, may also affect final grades for the class.

SAN 330 • The Suparnadhyaya

31960 • Spring 2010
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM WCH 4.134A
(also listed as SAN 384S)

SAN 384S (#31975) and SAN 330 (#31960)

The Supar??dhy?ya

spring 2010

 

Joel Brereton

Office:  WCH 4.134A

Email: jpb@austin.utexas.edu

Office Hours:  T 1:30-3:00, TH 1:30-3:00 and by appointment

 

This course will study the Supar??dhy?ya (also called the Supar??khy?na), a late Vedic poem that tells the story of Supar?a or Garu?a, the eagle that became the mount of Vi??u. It will emphasize the historical transition from Vedic to Epic poetic composition and the problems of textual corruption and restoration.  It will also study other versions of the Supar?a tale in the Yajurveda, the Mah?bh?rata, and the B?haddevata, and a possible ancestor of the story in the ?gveda.

Requirements:

 

For both SAN 384S and SAN 330, the course requires careful preparation of the text assigned for each class meeting, including the ability to translate the text and to analyze its grammar and syntax.  Both sections of the course also require two exams, and, in addition, SAN 384S requires an essay on a different early narrative.  The final grade will be determined as follows:

 

For SAN 384S

     Class recitation          40%

     Two exams, each          20%

     Essay                    20%

 

For SAN 330

     Class recitation          50%

     Two exams, each          25%

 

The grade for class recitation will depend on attendance and preparation, so it is important for everyone to be present and to be ready for each class.  Please discuss any anticipated absences with me before the class you expect to miss.

 

Grading:

 

This class uses plus-minus grading on a straight scale of 93-100 A, 90-92 A-, 87-89 B+, 83-86 B. 80-82 B-, 77-79 C+, 73-76 C, etc.  That is, the minimum grade for an A is 93, for an A- 90, for a B+ 87, and so on.

 

Posted Materials:

 

Texts and additional materials will be posted on Blackboard.  You can access the Blackboard site for this course from http://courses.utexas.edu/.

 

Special Needs:

 

At the beginning of the semester, students with disabilities who need special accommodations should notify the instructors by presenting a letter prepared by the Service for Students with Disabilities (SSD) Office. Students should contact the SSD Office at 471-6259 or 471-4641 TTY.

 

Academic Honesty:

 

Be careful not to copy the work of peers or in written work to use material without proper attribution.  Nothing can be more disastrous for your grade or for your college record than to be found to have violated the University rules on academic honesty.  Students who violate these rules are subject to disciplinary penalties, including the possibility of failure in the course or dismissal from the University or both. If you have any questions about properly utilizing sources, check with the instructor.

 

Texts:

 

The principal text we will be using is based on Jarl Charpentier, ed., Die Suparnasage.  This text is available on the Blackboard website for the class.  All other assigned texts will also be posted on Blackboard.

 

Schedule: 

 

The exact schedule of the class will depend on our progress through the text, and students should expect that we will be doing a careful exegetical and grammatical analysis of each verse and passage.  Approximately two-thirds of the semester (that is, from January 19 to approximately April 1) will be dedicated to the Supar??dhy?ya itself and the remainder of the semester to parallel versions of the narrative in other Sanskrit sources.  The dates of the exams and the due date for the essay (in SAN 384S) are:

 

First exam                  March 25

Second exam            May 6

Essay                           April 22

 

The date of the first exam may be adjusted depending on our progress through the Supar??dhy?ya, but any change will be announced at least two weeks in advance.

 

Because unanticipated consequences of karma or daiva are possible, the instructor reserves the right to modify this syllabus with due notification.  Any such modifications will be noted in a revised syllabus.  

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

44485 • Fall 2009
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

SAN 330 • The Rigveda

31490 • Spring 2009
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM WCH 4.134A
(also listed as SAN 384S)

Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312L with a grade of at least C.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

44585 • Fall 2008
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM NOA 1.126

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

44430 • Spring 2008
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 4.112

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

SAN 312L • Second-Year Sanskrit II

32125 • Spring 2008
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM CBA 4.336

Introduction to classical Sanskrit poetry and philosophical literature; readings from the Upanishads and Kalidasa's Meghaduta.  Prerequisite: Sanskrit 312K with a grade of at least C.

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos I

32585 • Fall 2007
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM UTC 1.136

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos II

31520 • Spring 2007
Meets TTH 12:30PM-2:00PM PAR 8A

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

45265 • Fall 2006
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

ANS 340 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditions

29635 • Spring 2006
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM GEA 114
(also listed as HIS 366N)

Please check back for updates.

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos II

30635 • Spring 2006
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM PAR 8A

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

ANS 340 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditns

28936 • Fall 2004
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM WAG 208

Please check back for updates.

ANS 394 • Vedic India

29085 • Fall 2004
Meets W 3:00PM-6:00PM WCH 4.134

Study of the major research tools and methods used in current Asian scholarship.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

42965 • Fall 2004
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

ANS 340 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditions

27210 • Spring 2004
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM PAR 203
(also listed as HIS 366N)

Please check back for updates.

ANS 372 • Magic/Ritl/Power In Indian Cul

27290 • Spring 2004
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 420

May be repeated for credit when the topics vary.  Some topics partially fulfill legislative requirement for American history.  Prerequisite: Varies with the topic and is given in the Course Schedule.

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos II

28110 • Spring 2004
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM PAR 214

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

ANS 394 • Methods In Study Of Religion

27715 • Fall 2003
Meets M 3:00PM-6:00PM CAL 419

Study of the major research tools and methods used in current Asian scholarship.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

41510 • Fall 2003
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as HIS 306N)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos II

27695 • Spring 2003
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM PAR 214

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

ANS 340 • History Of Indian Buddhism

27265 • Fall 2002
Meets MWF 1:00PM-2:00PM PAR 203
(also listed as HIS 366N)

Please check back for updates.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

41280 • Fall 2002
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as HIS 306N)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

ANS 340 • Hist Of Hindu Relig Traditions

26955 • Spring 2002
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM UTC 1.116
(also listed as HIS 366N)

Please check back for updates.

SAN 384S • Adv San Readings And Compos II

27825 • Spring 2002
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM PAR 214

Study of various aspects and periods of Sanskrit language and culture.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; and Sanskrit 325L, 330, or the equivalent, or consent of instructor.

ANS 384 • Veda And Vedic Interpretation

27870 • Fall 2001
Meets M 2:00PM-5:00PM PAR 203

Study of various aspects and periods of South Asian culture and society.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic and are given in the Course Schedule.

R S 302 • History Of Religions Of Asia

41485 • Fall 2001
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM UTC 3.102
(also listed as HIS 306N)

This course surveys the central beliefs and patterns of life of living religious traditions of Asia. It will focus particularly on the basic texts or narratives of these traditions, on their essential histories, and on the concepts of humanity, the world, and the divine that are distinctive of each. In addition, the course will explore not only what people believe religiously but also what they do religiously.

 

Text:W. Oxtoby & R. Amore, World Religions: Religions of the East, 3rd ed. The Ramayana, retold by R.K. Narayan, The Life of the Buddha (Buddhacarita), translated by Patrick Olivelle, Zhuangzi: Basic Writings, translated by Burton Watson,

 

Grading:Each of three essays on the assigned reading 15%, Midterm exam 20%, Final exam 35%

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