Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies
Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies
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NEWSLETTER NO. 30         FALL 2004


Australia-New Zealand Dissertations Defended
Two doctoral candidates in Government at UT-Austin, both well known to the Australian and New Zealand Studies communities, successfully defended their doctoral dissertations in early December. Greg Brown defended his dissertation titled "Coping with Long-Distance Nationalism: Inter-Ethnic Conflict in a Disapora Context." Based on extensive field research, which was supported by the Clark Center, in Melbourne and Sydney, Greg's dissertation dissects the involvements of the Croat and Serb communities in both cities with their respective homelands, and also, very importantly, with Canberra during the civil war that accompanied Yugoslavia’s disintegration in the early 1990s. Gary Freeman, a Government faculty member and associate of the Clark Center, who has written extensively about Australian immigration policies, supervised the dissertation. Almost immediately after his defense, Greg and his family departed for Washington where he began work as an analyst for a private sector firm that assesses global issue for the US government and business companies. 

A few days after Greg's defense, Rhonda Evans Case defended her dissertation on "The Politics and Law of Anglo-American Antidiscrimination Regimes, 1945-1995." Although Rhonda's dissertation deals with all of the main Anglo-American countries, its core charts the development of an ideology of antidiscrimination and the conditions under which political elites in Australia and New Zealand institutionalized the tenets of that ideology, as well as the laws and institutions that flow from it, between the 1960s and the 1990s. The Australian and New Zealand analyses in Rhonda's dissertation derive from more than a year's research in Canberra and Wellington, also supported by the Clark Center. John Higley supervised Rhonda's dissertation. This spring she is Lecturer in Government at UT.


Social Work Graduate Students in Adelaide
Seven graduate students in UT's School of Social Work are at Flinders University in Adelaide during the spring 2005 semester to perform internships that are a requirement of their degree program at UT. The Clark Center is supporting each of the students with a travel grant. While at Flinders, the students will complete 540 hours of internship work, a hefty undertaking. Their internships are clinical in nature and involve the students with work in a variety of areas: children and families, community health, hospital social work, counseling, social planning, aged care, migrant groups, and correctional services. Flinders faculty members provide the UT students with regular supervisory sessions, and the students are required to lodge progress reports about their work. UT Social Work has sent interns to Flinders for several years, but this is the first time the Center has provided travel grants. We hope to continue this support in the future.

New Zealand Ambassador Visits Center
In late September, Ambassador John Wood visited the Clark Center, which hosted a luncheon for him and his party. The Ambassador was accompanied by Mrs. Wood, Kerry Bothwell, the Embassy's public affairs officer, and Kathleen Kelly, Honorary Consul for New Zealand, who is located in Houston. At the luncheon, Ambassador Wood presented to Clark Center faculty and graduate students a memorably comprehensive and succinct overview of current political and economic developments in New Zealand.

Message from the Director
The free trade agreement between Australia and the United States came into effect on January 1, 2005. Its implementation caps a major and multi-year effort by a large number of Americans and Australians, but most especially by Ambassador Michael Thawley and his Embassy staff, who are to be warmly congratulated for improving Australia-U.S. relations in this important way.

It may not be out of place to say that the Clark Center likes to think that it played a modest role in the agreement's gestation. During 1991-92 the Center conducted an extensive study of NAFTA's likely implications for Australia, New Zealand, and the world's trade regime. Because the U.S., Australian, and New Zealand governments all recognized that NAFTA could have significant ramifications for their trilateral trade relations, they supported the Center's study handsomely. The US Dept. of State seconded one of its senior diplomats, Tain Tompkins, to the Center and UT-Austin for a full year. Tompkins had earlier been Counselor for Economic Affairs at the US Embassy in Canberra. The Australian Dept. of the Prime Minister and Cabinet seconded a gifted public servant, Michael Sutton, to the Center for 18 months. And the New Zealand government funded visits to Austin by a half dozen of its leading trade officials and advisors.

In October 1992 the Center hosted a major conference in Austin, which was attended by several scores of trade specialists and trade officials from the three countries, to assess NAFTA's implications for Australia and New Zealand. An edited volume of conference papers, published separately in Australia and the U.S., was one result and it quickly sold out.

At the time of this project and conference, the possibility of a free trade agreement between Australia and the U.S. was discounted, even staunchly opposed, by most Australian officials and scholars, with their New Zealand counterparts being more ambivalent. But in the course of the two years that they worked on the subject, the project's Clark Center leaders – Robert Cushing, Michael Sutton, Tain Tompkins, a leading American trade specialist, Sidney Weintraub, and myself – concluded that an Australia-U.S. free trade agreement was sensible and, from an international trade system perspective, possibly inevitable. Following the end of our project, several of us made this view as widely known as we could. In the fullness of time – ten years – relevant political leaders and many trade specialists in Australia and the U.S. came to the conclusion that we had reached.

While we at the Clark Center have no illusions that this happened because of our early spadework, the scholars who participated in our project are entitled to bask, at least a little, in the glow of the free trade agreement’s implementation.


John Higley



Texas-Sydney Literary Interactions
During the early 1990s Don Graham, J. Frank Dobie Professor of American Literature at UT, participated in a faculty exchange program that the Clark Center operated with Sydney University. While teaching in Sydney for a semester, Don made many friends in Sydney's literary circles, one of the closest being the well-known writer, Michael Wilding. Don was fascinated by Australia, and the impressions he formed and knowledge he gained have fueled his popular UT undergraduate course on Australian Literature and Film ever since.

Now Don has put some of his impressions of Australia and Sydney in fictional form, at the same time honoring Michael Wilding. Don’s short story, "The Voice on the Verandah," which depicts a scholar not unlike Don visiting a Sydney literary conference in the mid-1990s, appears in a 2004 festschrift: Running Wild: Essays, Fiction and Memoirs Presented to Michael Wilding, published by the Sydney Association for Studies in Society and Culture. Don's story has also been published in Best Stories Under the Sun, a volume edited by Michael Wilding and David Myers for Central Queensland Univ. Press (2004).  

Reciprocating this Australian literary hospitality, Don is associated with a Texas-centered volume, Lone Star Literature: From the Red River to the Rio Grande (W.W. Norton, 2003), which is dedicated to Michael Wilding and another Australian writer, Lyndy Abraham.

Center to Host Fulbright Pre-Departure Briefing
In collaboration with Mark Darby and the Australian-American Fulbright Commission, the Clark Center will host a June 27-29, 2005 pre-departure briefing about Australia for 16  secondary and post-secondary educators from across the U.S. who will travel to Australia for a Fulbright Seminar during July. The educators will spend three days at the Center in Austin and then depart directly for Sydney and Canberra. The Center's briefing will consist of presentations by scholars affiliated with the Center about Australia's history and politics, its education system, and Australia-U.S. relations, as well as  get-acquainted dinners and social events.


UT Law Professor Visits Australia
Professor Roy Mersky, Director of the Tarlton Law Library and the Jamail Center for Legal Research at UT, spent the bulk of summer 2004 in Australia. His trip was supported in part by the Clark Center. Professor Mersky traveled to Darwin to participate in the Australasian Law Teachers Association. He also visited several members of the judiciary and academic law communities around the country, and he met with the U. S. Ambassador, Thomas Shieffer at the Embassy in Canberra. The Queensland Supreme Court Librarian, Aladin Rahemtula, hosted Prof. Mersky in Brisbane and introduced him to many members of The Court and honored him at a Court ceremony. Prof. Merksy also accepted an invitation to write a foreword for the latest volume in a series of biographies of Australian Supreme Court Justices, which was published in November 2004.


UT Social Work Professor on Fulbright to Australia
Professor Jane Maxwell, a faculty member in UT's School of Social Work, has recently completed a Fulbright Research Fellowship at the Centre for Accident Research and Road Safety, which is located at Queensland University of Technology. Working with Professor Jeremy Davey at the Centre, Professor Maxwell studied drug use by long-distance truck drivers in Queensland. She also attended a conference on Alcohol and Other Drugs held in Fremantle, W.A. Passing through Canberra in early November, Jane watched the US election returns at the US Embassy and reports that "it was interesting, to say the least" to be with Australians watching President Bush's re-election.


Ross Terrill's New Chinese Empire Receives Prize
Ross Terrill's recent book on The New Chinese Empire – And What It Means for the United States, has received the Los Angeles Times Book Prize. Ross is a well-known specialist on both China and Australia, and he has been associated with the Clark Center and UT, teaching about the two countries, during the last half dozen years. The Los Angeles Times judges characterized his book as "Ever realistic about China's current government, deeply sympathetic to her people," adding that "Terrill offers a convincing picture of the friend to America" that China can become if it moves from repression to freedom.


The annual meeting of the Australian and New Zealand Studies Association of North America – ANZSANA – will take place at Harvard University, April 28-30. A call for papers has been issued, and a dozen papers have to date been accepted for presentation, though there is room for more. In addition to taking place in late April instead of, as in past years, in late February, this year's meeting will be novel in another important way. It will occur in conjunction with the annual meeting of the American Assn. of Australian Literary Studies (AAALS). Parallel sessions of the two associations, as well as one or two plenary sessions involving both are planned, and the Harvard location should ensure a large attendance. Here are registration and other details about the meetings:

Detailed information about accommodations and a Conference registration form will be posted in the near future n the Association’s web site,


New Director for Georgetown University’s Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies
Dr. Alan C. Tidwell was appointed the new Director of CANZ, January 2005. Prior to his appointment he served with the US Peace Institute where he focused on conflict resolution in the Asia Pacific. He has taught at Macquarie University and was Research Director of the Australian Center for American Studies at the University of Sydney. Dr. Tidwell holds a Ph.D. in international relations from the University of Kent and an M.S. in conflict resolution from George Mason University.

Recent Visitors to the Center
Kerry Bothwell, New Zealand Embassy
Kathleen Kelly, Honorary Consul for New Zealand
John Wood, New Zealand Ambassador to the U.S.
Brendon O'Connor, Griffith University

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Harry Ransom Center 3.362
The University of Texas, Austin, TX 78713-7219
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