Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies
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NEWSLETTER NO. 39         FALL 2009
The North American academic associations for Australian and New Zealand Studies, ANZSANA and AAALS, will hold their annual joint meetings February 25-27, 2010. The venue will be the Marriott Key Bridge Hotel situated immediately across the Potomac from Georgetown University, whose Center for Australian and New Zealand Studies (CANZ) is helping organize the meetings. ANZSANA is a multidisciplinary association and welcomes papers on all aspects of Australian and New Zealand societies and, where appropriate, comparisons with Canada and the United States. AAALS focuses on studies of literary matters in Australia and New Zealand, again with relevant North American comparisons.

A call for papers and panel proposals has been issued, with December 10, 2009 the deadline for submissions. Paper proposals should include the author's name and institutional affiliation, title of the paper, and an abstract of no more than 500 words. They should be attached to an email as a Word or PDF document. Panel proposals should include similar information, as well as suggestions for a moderator or discussant. Both associations welcome submissions from graduate students and offer a limited number of travel grants to facilitate their participation. Graduate students must indicate their status in order to be considered for a grant. All ANZSANA paper and panel proposals should be sent to the program director Greg Flynn, McMaster University in Ontario:

Events at the meetings will include an evening reception on Thursday, February 25th, 6-8 p.m. at the Embassy of Australia, a Friday luncheon with a featured speaker, and a conference dinner on Friday evening at a venue to be announced. The conference registration fee of $125.00 (either US or CD) covers a one-year membership in the relevant association, the Embassy reception, the Friday lunch, and two breakfasts. In order to keep the registration fee modest, no joint lunch will be take place on Saturday. All participants will of course be invited to attend the Friday conference dinner, albeit at an additional (but not outrageous) cost that will be specified soon. Finally, the Marriott Hotel  (1401 Lee Highway, Arlington VA 22209; 703-524-6400) will offer a single or double standard room for US$101.00 plus tax – a bargain for Washington – provided a reservation is made on or before Friday, February 5, 2010.  

A highlight of my summer was visiting the new US Studies Centre at University of Sydney. During early June I participated in two days of discussions about the Centre’s academic, research, and public outreach plans and programs and I attended its "National Summit 2009" on Sustainable Globalization: Will It Survive the Global Financial Crisis? Chaired by USSC faculty members Professors Robert O’Neill and Margaret Levi (also University of Washington, Seattle), the discussions about Centre activities involved a score of scholars from Australian universities, together with several Australian scholars based at US universities. The National Summit was co-organized by the USSC and Harvard’s Committee on Australian Studies, which is now chaired by Michael Hiscox, an Australian who is a Harvard faculty member specializing on international relations.

The USSC's first CEO is Prof. Geoffrey Garrett, a dual Australia-US citizen who holds a B.A. from ANU and a Ph.D. from Duke, and has had long US experience as a member of the UCLA, USC, Stanford, and Yale faculties. Garrett has a difficult job because the USSC is a multifaceted undertaking – not simply another think tank, not only another teaching unit of Sydney University, not just a US academic face in Australia. Balancing these and other facets of the Centre is no little job, and the discussions in which I participated focused on how the balancing can best be accomplished.

The National Summit was held in Sydney's Intercontinental Hotel, attended by some 400 persons, and featured a dozen Australian and US experts on international economics, labor and human rights issues, social responsibilities of corporations, and human health sustainability. Instead of lengthy speeches and papers, the Summit consisted of informal colloquies between the experts with ABC interviewers and talk show hosts as highly polished interlocutors. Audience comments and questions enlivened each colloquy. The Summit's capstone was a live televised conversation between Geoff Garrett, sitting on the Summit stage, and John Micklethwait, Editor-in-Chief of The Economist, who was at his early-morning London office. During the past 40 or so years I’ve attended many conferences, but this was the best, organizationally and substantively, I've ever witnessed.

It is obvious that the USSC’s emergence is a boon to all who work on North American – Antipodean affairs. Although the Centre’s stated mission is "to increase understanding of the United States in Australia," Geoff Garrett and his colleagues are nothing if not cosmopolitan and interested in a wide range of activities pertaining to the Centre’s mission, not least heightened US, Canadian, and New Zealand understanding of Australia.

                                                                                                                     --- John Higley

Judicial Supremacy or Inter-institutional Dialogue?

With sponsorship by the Clark Center and the Faculty of Law and US Studies Centre at University of Sydney, Rhonda Evans Case is organizing a conference to address this question in Australian, Canadian, New Zealand, and US contexts. The conference is scheduled for May 2010 at the Sydney University Faculty of Law.  It will marshal case studies provided by pairs of eminent legal scholars from each of the four countries in order to assess and compare the modern effects of judicial review, inter-institutional dialogues triggered by it, and how High/Supreme Court judicial review decisions and resulting dialogues, in combination with political structures, shape policy outcomes.

To lend additional scholarly distinction to the conference and provide relevant Australian audiences with insights into US constitutional matters, the U.S. Studies Centre will sponsor a visit by the eminent American scholar, Prof. Mark Tushnet, William Nelson Cromwell Professor of Law at Harvard. Other conference participants, all with comparable standing in their countries' legal communities, will deliver lectures to law faculties and students at various Australian universities before and after the Sydney conference.   

Rhonda Evans Case holds a J.D. from University of Pittsburgh and a Ph.D. in Political Science from UT-Austin. She is currently on the faculty of Eastern Carolina University and is the immediate past president of ANZSANA.

New Comparative Immigration Project Launched
During 2008 the Clark Center and the Centre for Social Inclusion at Monash University collaborated to assess the immigration policies, huge inflows of migrants, both legal and illegal, and consequent dilemmas in Australia and the U.S. since the early 1990's. Led by John Higley and John Nieuwenhuysen, the two center directors, the study enlisted ten leading specialists on immigration issues from both countries. A volume co-edited by Higley and Nieuwenhuysen titled Nations of Immigrants: Australia and the USA Compared reports the study’s results and is appearing from Edward Elgar Publishing Ltd. in November.

The financial crisis that occurred in late 2008 has created quite different parameters for immigration flows and policies, especially in the U.S. With unemployment rates sharply higher, substantial public opposition to large immigration intakes seems likely. Recently arrived immigrants and migrants will presumably suffer unemployment and accompanying hardships disproportionately, and in search of employment, many will gravitate to locales lacking adequate programs and levels of support to assist them. Nor can heightened inter-community tensions be ruled out. Although such consequences of the 2008 crisis will be  more pronounced in the U.S. than Australia (to which boatloads of asylum-seeking refugees seem again headed), looking at "immigration in harder times" seems warranted. Under this rubric, accordingly, the Clark and Monash centers have launched a further study, with Higley and Nieuwenhuysen leading a substantially new team of scholars. A workshop has been scheduled for  Monash’s Centre for Research in Prato, Italy, in May 2010, with the purpose of publishing the new project's findings not long after.

New Journal from USSC
In November the USSC is launching a journal, American Review: Global Perspectives on US Affairs. Its inaugural issue has articles by recent US visitors to the Centre: James Fallows, Stephen Walt, John Ikenberry, Rob Shipiro, along with a clutch of well-known Australian scholars and commentators, such as Coral Bell, Bill Emmott, and Michael Wesley. Information about the journal can be obtained on the Centre’s website:  

Recent Visitors
Judith Brett, LaTrobe University, Melbourne
James Cotton, Australian Defence Force Academy, Canberra
Margaret Levi, US Studies Centre, Sydney
Jon Johansson, Victoria University, Wellington

Recent Publications by Center-Affiliated Faculty
Terri E. Givens, Gary P. Freeman, and David L. Leal, eds. Immigration Policy and Security:  US, European, and Commonwealth Perspectives. New York: Routledge, 2008

Don Graham, State Fare: An Irreverent Guide to Texas Movies. Fort Worth, TCU Press, 2008. John Higley and Heinrich Best, eds., Democratic Elitism in Transition, Special issue of  Comparative Sociology 8:3 (Summer 2009).

John Higley and Heinrich Best, eds., Democratic Elitism: New Theoretical and Comparative Perspectives. Amsterdam: Brill Publishers, 2009 .

John Higley and John Niewenhuysen, eds. Nations of Immigrants: Australia and the USA Compared. Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2009.
John Higley. “Towards Leader Democracy in Australia?” Pp. 46-56 in Public Leadership: Perspectives and Practices, Paul t’Hart & John Uhr, eds. ANU Press, 2008 (with Jan Pakulski).

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