History Department
History Department

Conf.: "Latin America in the Cold War"—DAY 2

Fri, October 30, 2009 | GAR 4.100

9:00 AM

This is a two-day conference. Free and open to the public.

Conference Prospectus

Latin Americans did not stand by as spectators in the international confrontation between the Communist Bloc countries and the Capitalist West but engaged themselves fully in the ideological struggle of the Cold War. In the time period between the end of World War II and the fall of the Berlin Wall, 1945 to 1990, Latin America experienced three social revolutions, numerous rural and urban guerrilla movements, several overt and covert U.S. interventions, and dozens of military golpes de estado.

The Cuban Revolution of 1959 came to power at a time in which only a handful of personalist dictatorships existed in Latin America and these governed smaller Caribbean and Central American countries and Paraguay. However, by 1976, a majority of Latin American citizens lived under institutional military rule (or "bureaucratic authoritarianism" as Guillermo O'Donnell called it).

Indeed, Latin Americans participated in the international Cold War debates over socialism, communism, developmentalism, anti-imperialism, state repression, class conflict, land invasions, labor strikes, agrarian reform, elections, militarism, populism, counterrevolution, economic nationalism, military aid, Food for Peace, and the Alliance for Progress.  

The conferees of this symposium propose to come together to discuss how the international Cold War intersected with the political, economic, social, and cultural development of Latin America in the second half of the 20th century.  Fortunately in this endeavor, we will be able to enlist the insights of two distinguished visitors: Mellon Visiting Professor Rafael Hernández, editor of Cuba's premier intellectual journal Temas: Ideología, Cultura, Política; and IHS Fellow Julio Moreno of the University of San Francisco, author of Yankee, Don't Go Home!

The conference committee, Profs. Virginia Burnett, Mark Lawrence, and Jonathan Brown, will announce the accepted proposals on Sept. 11, the 36th anniversary date of General Pinochet's overthrow of Salvador Allende.

Conference schedule: "Latin America in the Cold War" (PDF, 92KB)

Presenters' papers (partial list, PDF, 2.6 MB)

Conference website

DAY 2Fri., Oct. 30, 2009

9 a.m.—Panel 2: Central America: Social Revolution and Counterrevolution
           Chair: Juliet A. Hooker, Associate Director, Lozano Long Institute of Latin American Studies (LLILAS)

Friends in High Places: Personality and Politics in Anastasio Somoza García’s Nicaragua
Nadine Ross, History Department

A Diplomatic Counterrevolution: Nicaraguan Indians, Native American Activists, and U.S. Foreign Policy, 1979-1990
James Jenkins
, History Department

The Backbone of Health Care: Cuban Medical Diplomacy to Nicaragua, 1979-1990
K. Cheasty Miller, History Department

10:30 a.m.—Panel 3: Internationalizing the Struggle
                  Chair: Gastón Martínez Rivera, Instituto Nacional de Antropología e Historia
                                                              (National Institute of Anthropology and History)

The Cuban Revolution and the Sino-Soviet Dispute
Jonathan Brown, History Department

All Politics Local? Eisenhower, Betancourt, Trujillo, Castro, and the Search for a New Leadership Model, 1958-1961
Aragorn Storm Miller
, History Department

Capitalizing on Castro: Mexico's Foreign Relations with Cuba and the United States, 1959-1969"
Renata Keller, History Department

12 p.m.—Lunch at O’s Campus Cafe

1:15 p.m.—Introduction by Virginia Garrard-Burnett, History Department
         Featured presentation:

"Managing Cold War Turbulence: Coca-Cola in Latin America
Julio Moreno
, Associate Professor, University of San Francisco and Visiting Fellow of the Institute for Historical Studies
2:45 p.m.—Panel 4: National Security and Culture in South America
         Chair:  Anthony J. Candil, Visiting Scholar, LLILAS

Catholic Nationalists, Military Ideology, and the ‘Immoral’ Youth of Argentina, 1960-1970
Cyrus Cousins, History Department

The Baianas do Acarajé: Afro-Brazilian Culture and Tourism in Democracy and Dictatorship
Meredith Glueck, History Department

Cold War on Drugs: Reagan, Bush, and ‘Narco-Terrorism’ in the Andes
Michelle Reeves, History Department
4:45 p.m.—Bus departs from University Co-op parking lot for BBQ dinner

Sponsored by: History Dept., Institute for Historical Studies, Vice Provost & Dean of Graduate Studies, Lozano Long Inst. of Latin Am. Studies

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