Institute of Urban Policy

Gabriel Amaro, PhD


Faculty Associate

Interests


Social inequality; residential segregation of minorities in the U.S.; political and municipal fragmentation; demographic research methods

Courses


MAS 319 • Latina/Os Segregation In Us

39599 • Fall 2019
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM CMA 5.190
CD

Please check back for updates.

MAS 378 • Capstone Seminar

40457 • Spring 2019
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM GEA 127

Description

This capsone seminar will focus on the process of gentrification and displacement of minorities in the U.S. Students will broadly learn theoretical frameworks and become familiar with historical research examining the gentrification and displacement of these vulnerable populations. Students will then familiarize themselves with contemporary research examining the effects of gentrification and displacement of Hispanic and Latino populations across the U.S. Participation in a capstone seminar is an opportunity to draw upon your own knowledge and expertise gained as a Mexican and Latina/o Studies major. The majority of your time spent in this seminar will focus on an individualzed gentrification and displacement research project. Students will use their knowledge and critical thinking skills gained as an undergraduate to form a well-planned gentrification research project. AS part of the research project, students will use demographic data to examine neighborhood change and identify gentrifying neighborhoods or those neighborhoods that are at risk of gentrifying. The majority of this portion of the seminar will take place in a College of Liberal Arts lab where you’ll have access to the necessary software such as Excel, Stata and ArcGIS.

Readings

  • Gentrification of the City edited by Neil Smith and Peter Smith
  • The Right to Stay Put, Revisited: Gentrification and Resistance to Displacement in New York City by Kathe Newman and Elvin K. Wyly
  • Missing Marcuse: On Gentrification and Displacement by Tom Slater
  • The Downside of Racial Uplift: The Meaning of Gentrification in an African American Neighborhood by Michelle Boyd
  • Defensive Development: The Role of Racial Conflict in Gentrification by Michelle Boyd
  • The Global Rural: Gentrification and Linked Migration in the Rural USA by Lise Nelson and Peter B. Nelson
  • Gentrification and the Racialized Geography of Home Equity by Jonathan Glick

 

Grading

As of now, students’ grades will depend on attendance (15%), participation in class discussions and office hour meetings (15%) and the final research project (70%). The final research project will break down into individually graded components such as theoretical background, demographic analysis, mapping analysis, and final class presentation.

MAS 319 • Latina/Os Segregation In Us

36065 • Spring 2017
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM GAR 2.112
CD

Course Description

This course will review residential segregation and its effects on Latina/os.  Latina/os and Segregation will take a sociological and demographic approach to understand the historical changes and implications of social events in the U.S. that have affected the spatial distribution of minorities in the U.S., specifically, Latina/os.  This course will begin by examining basic concepts of demography to better grasp the demographic changes occurring in Texas.  We will review historical demographic changes of Latina/os to understand current spatial and residential distributions of Latina/os.  We will then review social factors and government sanctioned policies that have shaped our neighborhoods and communities to how we know them today.

Finally, as the class becomes better familiar with the historical and social factors that shaped our communities, we will focus on how residential segregation affects the social, economic, and political outlook of Latina/os. This course will aim to introduce and review these topics in a way that will relate to everyone in the course. Some of the information we will cover will challenge the way you think of current issues in society today.  As such, it is important to approach class discussions and assignments critically and objectively.

 

List of Readings (tentative)

 

Alba, Richard, John R. Logan, Brian Stilts, Gilbert Marzan, and Wenquan Zhang. 1999. “Immigrant Groups in the Suburbs: A Reexamination of Suburbanization and Spatial Assimilation.” American Sociological Review. 64(3): 446-460.

 

Bobo, Lawrence and Camille Zubrinsky. 1996. “Attitudes on Residential Integration: Perceived Status Differences, Mere In-Group Preference, or Racial Prejudice?” Social Forces 74:883-909.

 

Briggs, X.S. 2005. The Geography of Opportunity: Race and Housing Choice in Metropolitan America. Washington , DC: Brookings Institution.

 

Charles, Camille Zubrinsky. 2003. “The Dynamics of Racial Residential Segregation.” Annual Review of Sociology. 29: 167-207.

 

Ellen, Ingrid Gould. 2000. Sharing America’s Neighborhoods: The Prospects for Stable Racial Integration. Harvard University Press: Cambridge MA.

 

Emerson, Michael O., Karen J. Chai, and George Yancey. 2001. “Does Race Matter in Residential Segregation? Exploring the Preferences of White Americans.” American Sociological Review. 66(6):922-935.

 

Fischer, Mary and Marta Tienda. 2006. “Redrawing Spatial Color Lines: Hispanic Metropolitan Dispersal, Segregation, and Economic Opportunity” p. 100-137 in Hispanics and the Future of America by Marta Tienda and F. Mitchell (eds). The National Academies Press: Washington, D.C.

 

Fischer, Mary J. 2003. “The Relative Importance of Income and Race in Determining Residential Outcomes in U.S. Urban Areas, 1970-2000.” Urban Affairs Review 38: 669-696.

 

Frey, William H. and Reynolds Farley. 1996. “Latino, Asian, and Black Segregation in U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Are Multi-Ethnic Metros Different?” Demography. 33:35-50.

 

Hall, Matthew and Jonathan Stringfield. 2014. “Undocumented Migration and the Residential Segregation of Mexicans in New Destination.” Social Science Research 47:61-78.

 

Hanushek, Eric A., John F. Kain, Steven G. Rivkin. 2009. “New Evidence about Brown v. Board of Education: The Complex Effects of School Racial Composition on Achievement.” Journal of Labor Economics. 27(3):349-383.

 

Hwan, Sean-Shong, Steven Murdock, Banoo Parpia, and Rita Hamm. 1985. “The Effects of Race and Socioeconomic Status on Residential Segregation in Texas, 1970-1980.” Social Forces. 63(3):732-747.

 

Iceland, John and Rima Wilkes. 2006. “Does Socioeconomic Status Matter? Race, Class, and Residential Segregation.” Social Problems. 53(2): 248-273.

 

Iceland, John, Daniel Weinberg and Lauren Hughes. 2014. “The Residential Segregation of Detailed Hispanic and Asian Groups in the United States 1980-2010.” Demographic Research. 31:593-624.

 

Iceland, John. 2004. “Beyond Black and White: Metropolitan Residential Segregation in Multi- Ethnic America.” Social Science Research. 33:248-71.

 

Lamb, Charles. 2005. Housing Segregation in Suburban America Since 1960 - Presidential and Judicial Politics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

 

Lee, Sharon. and Barry Edmonston. 2006. “Hispanic Intermarriage, Identification, and U.S. Latino Population Change.” Social Science Quarterly 87:1263-1279.

 

Lichter, Daniel and Kenneth Johnson. 2009. “Immigrant Gateways and Hispanic Migration to new Destinations.” International Migration Review. 43:496-518.

 

Lichter, Daniel, Domenico Parisi, and Michael C. Taquino. 2012. “The Geography of Exclusion: Race, Segregation, and Concentrated Poverty.” Social Problems. 59(3): 364-388.

 

Lichter, Daniel, Domenico Parisi, Michael Taquino, and Steven Michael Grice. 2010. “Residential Segregation in New Hispanic Destinations: Cities, Suburbs, and Rural Communities Compared.” Social Science Research. 39:215-230.

 

Lieberson, Stanley. 1981. A Piece of the Pie: Black and White Immigrants Since 1880. University of California Press: Berkley CA.

 

Logan, John R. and Brian J. Stults. 2011. “The Persistence of Segregation in the Metropolis: New Findings from the 2010 Census.” Census Brief prepared for Project US2010.

 

Logan, John, Jacob Stowell, and Deirdre Oakley. 2002. Choosing Segregation: Racial Imbalance in American Public Schools, 1990-2000. Albany: Lewis Mumford Center for Comparative Urban and Regional Research.

 

Lopez, Russ. 2002. “Segregation and Black/White Differences in Exposure to Air Toxics in 1990.” Environmental Health Perspectives. 110(2): 289-295.

 

Marsh, Ben, Allan M. Parnell, and Ann Moss Joyner. 2010. “Institutionalization of Racial Inequality in Local Political Geographies.” Urban Geography. 31(5): 691-709.

 

Massey, Douglas and Nancy Denton. 1993. American Apartheid: Segregation and the making of the Underclass. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

 

Massey, Doulgas S. and Nancy A. Denton. 1992. “Racial Identity and the Spatial Assimilation of Mexicans in the United States.” Social Science Research. 21:235-260.

 

Morello-Frosch, Rachel and Bill M. Jesdale. 2006. “Separate and Unequal: Residential Segregation and Estimated Cancer Risks Associated with Ambient Air Toxics in U.S. Metropolitan Areas.” Environmental Health Perspectives. 114(3): 386-393.

 

Murguia, Edward and Rogelio Saenz. 2002. “An Analysis of the Latin Americanization of Race in the United States: A Reconnaissance of Color Stratification among Mexicans.” Race and Society. 5(1):85-101.

 

Najera, Jennifer R. 2015. The Borderlands of Race: Mexican Segregation in a South Texas Town. Austin: University of Texas Press

 

Orfield, Gary and Chungmei Lee. 2005. New Faces, Old Patterns: Segregation in the Multiracial South. Cambridge: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University

 

Orfield, Gary, and Chungmei Lee. 2006. Racial Transformation and the Changing Nature of Segregation. Cambridge: The Civil Rights Project at Harvard University

 

Pruitt, Sandi., Simon J. Craddock Lee, Jasmin A. Tiro, Lei Xuan, John M. Ruiz, and Stephen Inrig. 2015. “Residential Racial Segregation and Mortality Among Black, White, and Hispanic Urban Breast Cancer Patients in Texas, 1995-2009.” Cancer. 121(11): 1845-1855.

 

Reardon, Sean and J. Yun. 2003. “Integrating Neighborhoods, Segregating Schools: The Retreat from School Desegregation in the South, 1990-2000.” North Carolina Law Review. 81(4):1563- 1596.

 

Reardon, Sean, Chad Farrell, Stephen Matthews, David O’Sullivan, Kendra Bischoff, and Glenn Firebaugh. 2009. “Race and Space in the 1990s: Changes in the Geographic Scale of Racial Residential Segregation, 1990-2000.” Social Science Research. 38(1): 55-70.

 

Rohe, William M. and Lance Freeman. 2001. “Assisted Housing and Residential Segregation: The Role of Race and Ethnicity in the Siting of Assisted Housing Developments.” Journal of the American Planning Association. 67(3): 279-292.

 

Rosenbaum, Emily. 1996. “The Influence of Race on Hispanic Housing Choices: New York City, 1978-1987.” Urban Affairs Review. 32:217-243.

 

Ross, Stephen and Margery Turner. 2005. “Housing Discrimination in Metropolitan America: Explaining Changes between 1989 and 2000.” Social Problems. 52:152-180.

 

Rothwell, Jonathan T. 2010. “Racial Enclaves and Density Zoning: The Institutionalized Segregation of Racial Minorities in the United States.” American Law and Economic Review. 13(1): 290-358.

 

Saenz, Rogelio and Cristina Morales. 2005. “Demography of Race and Ethnicity.” Pp. 169-208 in Handbook of Population, edited by Dudley L. Poston and Michael Micklin. New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publisher.

 

Saenz, Rogelio. 2004. “Latinos and the Changing Face of America.” The American People Census 2000. New York: Russell Sage Foundation.

 

Saenz, Rogelio. 2010. “Population Bulletin Update: Latinos in the United States 2010.”

Population Reference Bureau, December 2010.

 

Smith, Chad. 2009. “Economic Deprivation and Racial Segregation: Comparing Superfund Sites in Portland, Oregon and Detroit, Michigan.” Social Science Research. 38(3): 681-692.

 

Squires, Gregory D. and Charis E. Kubrin. 2005. “Privileged Places: Race, Uneven Development and the Geography of Opportunity in Urban America.” Urban Studies. 42(1): 47-68.

 

Squires, Gregory D., Derek S. Hyra, and Robert N. Renner. 2009. “Segregation and the Subprime Lending Crisis.” paper presented at the 2009 Federal Reserve System Community Affairs Research Conference, April 16, Washington DC.

 

Turner, Mary Austin, Stephen L. Ross, George C. Galster, John Yinger, Erin B. Godfrey, Beata

A. Bednarz, Carla Herbig, Seon Joo Lee, AKM. Rezaul Hossain, and Bo Zhao. 2002. “Discrimination in Metropolitan Housing Markets: National Results from Phase 1 HDS 2000.”

U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development. Washington D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office.

 

Van Zandt, Shannon and Douglas F. Wunneburger. 2010. “The Relationship Between Residential Land Use Patterns and the Educational Outcomes of Economically Disadvantaged Students in Texas.” Urban Education. 46: 292-321.

 

Wilkes, Rima and John Iceland. 2004. “Hypersegregation in the Twenty First Century.”

Demography. 41(1): 23-36.

 

Wong, David. 2003. “Spatial Decomposition of Segregation Indices: A Framework Toward Measuring Segregation at Multiple Levels.” Geographical Analysis. 35(3): 179-194.

 

Woo, Ayoung and Young-Jae Kim. 2015. “Spatial Location of Place-Based Subsidized Households and Uneven Geography of Opportunities: Case of Austin, TX in the US.” Community Development. 47(1): 45-62.

 

Class Requirements:

1)             Attendance

Attendance is important for this course as well as any other course.

2)             Participation

Come to class ready to engage the assigned material. Participation in class discussion is an important element of learning as students will actively use sociological concepts in a classroom setting.

3)             Essays

The course is organized into 10 topics and you are required to write a 1 page, single- spaced, essay at the end of six of those topics. You can choose the topics you want to review and reflect on.  Please review the weekly schedule in the syllabus for a list of topics covered in the course.

4)             Analysis Project

You are required to submit a final project and present your findings to the class.  I will give you greater detail about the requirements of the project mid-semester.  Broadly, each student will analyze the residential segregation of an area that interest them.  You will implement various software tools such as ArcGIS and Excel to complete your analysis.

When complete, you will present your findings to the class.

5)             Extra Credit

Extra credit opportunities are not provided in this course.

6)             Grades

Your grades are structured as follows:

 

 

Participation

Points

20

% of Final Grade1

5%

Essays

90

24%

Analysis Project

160

43%

Project Presentation

100

27%

Total

370

100%

Number of Points Earned                Grade

333-370                                       A

296-332                                       B

259-295                                       C

222-258                                       D

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