Department of Mexican American and Latina/o Studies
Department of Mexican American and Latina/o Studies

Favorable Results in the Destination Country: Central American Workers in Mexico

Tue, April 9, 2019 | Gordon-White Building, Multipurpose Space 2.206

12:30 PM - 1:30 PM

Favorable Results in the Destination Country: Central American Workers in Mexico

Latino Studies at UT Austin is happy to welcome visiting scholars from Universidad Iberoamericana, who will be presenting the following paper:  

Even though small in absolute terms, the population of people in Mexico from the Northern Triangle of Central America (NTCA) has increased substantially in recent years. Between 2000 and 2015, Guatemalans increased 47%, Salvadorans 83% and Hondurans 246%. The majority of these migrants belong to the working age group, which means they will join the Mexican labor market. Using data from the Mexican Censuses of 2000 and 2010 and from the Intercensal Survey of 2015, we compare income and fringe benefits of NTCA and Mexican workers in order to understand the conditions in which migrants from the NTCA integrate into the Mexican labor market. Cross section results indicate favorable treatment towards immigrant workers. Through several Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition exercises, we find that immigrants would receive lower salaries if treated as Mexicans. We interpret this as evidence of positive selection. To overcome the limitations of the cross section analyses, we perform our estimations using the Borjas (1985) approach, which implies controls for cohort effects. We also incorporate demand factors to the analysis. Once we control for socio-demographic characteristics, we still observe that NTCA immigrants earn higher wages when compared to native workers. This may result from high demand and positive self-selection.

 

About the Speakers:

Dr. Liliana Meza is a labor economist graduated from the University of Houston. Currently she is a researcher at the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) in Mexico and also a part-time professor at Universidad Iberoamericana. Dr. Carla Pederzini is a Demographer graduated from El Colegio de Mexico. She is a full-time professor at the Universidad Iberoamericana. This paper was recently accepted by the Population Association of America (PAA).

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