New Article by PRC FRA Leticia Marteleto and PRC trainee Aída Villanueva

Tue, September 25, 2018
New Article by PRC FRA Leticia Marteleto and PRC trainee Aída Villanueva
Marteleto and Villanueva’s findings suggest that childbearing during the teenage years is detrimental to the educational attainment of Brazilian women.

A new article by PRC faculty research associate Leticia Marteleto and PRC trainee Aída Villanueva was published last week in Studies in Family Planning.

Little is known about the causal effects of adolescent childbearing and adolescent union formation for women's education in Brazil despite the country’s high rates of adolescent fertility for its below‐replacement total fertility rate. The authors apply several analytical strategies to address the endogeneity between adolescent childbearing and educational outcomes using unique data from the 2013 School‐to‐Work Transitions Survey.

Marteleto and Villanueva’s findings suggest that childbearing during the teenage years is detrimental to the educational attainment of Brazilian women and that educational disadvantages persist once we take into account mother's selection into adolescent childbearing. The penalty for adolescent mothers ranges from −1.66 to −1.80 fewer years of schooling and from 41 to 35 percent difference in the probabilities of graduating from high school. Additional findings show that marital unions among adolescent mothers have a compounding role at further hindering women's educational progress. Marteleto and Villanueva argue that young mothers, particularly those in a marital union, face additional layers of disadvantages, demonstrating that early family formation is a meaningful stratifier for women in an already highly‐stratified society.

FULL ARTICLE: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/sifp.12071

Bookmark and Share

  •   Map
  • Population Research Center

    University of Texas at Austin
    305 E. 23rd Street / RLP 2.602
    Mail Stop G1800
    Austin, Texas 78712-1699
    512-471-5514