Department of Psychology
Department of Psychology

Reading Lists

Important Books in Evolutionary Psychology

Alexander, R.D. (1979). Darwinism and Human Affairs. Seattle:University of Washington Press.

Alexander, R.D. (1987). The Biology of Moral Systems. New York: Aldine de Gruyeter.

Andersson, M (1994). Sexual Selection. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Atkinson, R.C., Herrnstein, R.J., Lindzey, G., and Luce, R.D. (Eds.). The adaptive-evolutionary point of view in experimental psychology. Steven's Handbook of Experimental Psychology. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Axelrod, R. (1984). The Evolution of Cooperation. New York: Basic Books, Inc.

Baker, R., & Bellis, M. (1995). Human Sperm Competition. London: Chapman & Hall.

Baker, R. (1996). Sperm wars: The Science of Sex. New York: Basic Books.

Barash, D. (1949). The Whisperings Within: Evolution and the Origin of Human Nature. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers.

Barash, D.P. (1982). Sociobiology and Behavior. (2nd Ed.). New York: Elsevier.

Barkow, J.H., Comides, L. and Tooby, J. (1992). The Adapted mind: Evolutionary Psychology and the Generation of Culture. New York: Oxford University Press.

Barrett, H. C., & Kurzban, R. (2006). Modularity in cognition: Framing the debate. Psychological Review, 113(3), 628-647. PDF

Bateson, P. (Ed.)(1993). Mate Choice. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Betzig, L. (1986). Despotism and Differential Reproduction: A Darwinian View of History. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Betzig, L., Borgerhoff Mulder, M., & Turke, P. (Eds.),(1987). Human Reproductive Behavior. Cambridge, England: Cambridge University Press.

Betzig, L. (Ed.)(1996). Human Nature: A Critical Reader. New York: Oxford University Press.

Boorman, S.A., Levitt, P.R. (1980). The Genetics of Altruism. New York: Academic Press.

Bowler, P.J. (1989). Evolution: The History of an Idea. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Brackman, A.C. (1980). A Delicate Arrangement. New York: Times Books.

Brown. D.E. (1991). Human Universals. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Bryant, G. A., & Barrett, H. C. (2007). Recognizing intentions in infant-directed speech: Evidence for universals.  Psychological Science, 18(8), 746-751. PDF

Buss, D.M. (1994). The evolution of desire: Strategies of Human Mating. New York: Basic Books.

Buss, D.M., & Malamuth, N. (Eds.) (1996). Sex, Power, Conflict: Evolutionary and Feminist Perspectives. New York: Oxford University Press.

Buss, D.M. (2000).  The dangerous passion: Why jealousy is as necessary as love and sex. New York: The Free Press. [Translated and published in France, China, the Netherlands, Brazil, Germany, Israel, Japan, Korea, Poland, the United Kingdom, Hungary, and Portugal]

Buss, D.M. (2003).  The evolution of desire: Strategies of human mating (Revised Edition). New York: Basic Books. [Translated and published in France, Germany, China, Korea, Japan, Poland, Italy, Spain, Sweden]

Buss, D.M. (Ed.)(2005).  The handbook of evolutionary psychology. New York: Wiley.

Buss, D.M. (2005).  The murderer next door: Why the mind is designed to kill. New York: The Penguin Press. [translated into German, Japanese, Korean, Polish]

Buss, D.M. (2008).  Evolutionary psychology: The new science of the mind, 3nd Edition. Boston: Allyn & Bacon.

Calvin, W.H. (1990). The Ascent of Mind. New York: Bantam Books.

Carroll, J. (1995). Evolution and Literary Theory. Columbia: University of Missouri Press.

Chagnon, N. (1983). Yanomamo: The Fierce People. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.

Crawford, C., Smith, M.,Krebs, D. (1987). Sociobiology and Psychology. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers.

Cronin. H. (1991). The Ant and the Peacock. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Crooks, P. (1994). Darwinism, War and History. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1983). Sex, Evolution, and Behavior. California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.

Daly M. and Wilson M. (1988) Evolutionary social psychology and family homicide. Science 242: 519-524

Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1988). Homicide. New York: Aldine de Gruyter.

Darwin, C. (1958). The Autobiography of Charles Darwin (1809-1882). New York: W.W. Norton & Company, Inc.

Darwin, C. (1859). On the Origin of the Species by Means of Natural Selection. London: Murray.

Darwin, C. (1871). The Descent of Man and Selection in Relation to Sex. London: Murray.

Davies, M., Davies, H. and Davies, K. (1992). Humankind the Gatherer-Hunter: From Earliest Times to Industry. Pink Hill, England: Myddle-Brockton Publishers.

Dawkins, R. (1971). The Extended Phenotype. California: Harper and Row, Publishers, Inc.

Dawkins, R. (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, R. (1986). The Blind Watchmaker. Harlow: Longman.

Dawkins, R. (1989). The selfish gene (new edition).  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Dawkins, R. (1995). River Out of Eden. New York: Basic Books.

De Woal, F. (1996). Good Natured: The Origins of Right and Wrong in Humans and Other Animals. Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Dennett, D.C. (1991). Consciousness explained. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

Dennett, D.C. (1995). Darwin's Dangerous Idea. New York: Simon & Schuster.

Diamond, J. (1992). The Third Chimpanzee: The Evolution and Future of the Human Animal. New York: Harper Perennial.

Dunbar, R. I. M. & Barrett, L. (Eds.) (2007). The Oxford handbook of evolutionary psychology. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Eberhard, W.G. (1996). Female Control: Sexual Selection by Cryptic Female Choice. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Eccles, J.C. (1989). Evolution of the Brain: Creation of the Self. London: Routledge.

Eldredge, N. (1993). History, Function, and Evolutionary Biology. In: M.K. Hecht et al. (Eds). Evolutionary Biology, 27, 33-50.

Eldredge, N. (1995). Reinventing Darwin. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Ellis, L., Hoffman, H. (1990). Crime in Biological, Social, and Moral Contexts. New York: Greenwood Publishing Group, Inc.

Eldredge, N., and Gould, S.J. (1972). In T.J.M Schopf (Ed). Punctuated equilibria: An alternative to phyletic gradualism. Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman & Company.

Ewald, P.W. (1994). Evolution of Infectious Disease. New York: Oxford University Press.

Farrett, L. (1994). The Coming Plague. Farrar, Strause and Giroux.

Fisher, R.A. (1930/1958). The Genetical Theory of Natural Selection. New York: Dover.

Frank, R. (1988). Passions Within Reason. New York: Norton.

Frederick, D. A. & Haselton, M. G. (2007). Why is muscularity sexy? Tests of the fitness-indicator hypothesis.  Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 33, 1167-1183.

Gangestad, S. W. & Simpson, J. A. (Eds.) (2007). The evolution of mind. New York: The Guilford Press.

Gazzaniga, M.S. (1992). Nature's Mind. New York: Basic Books.

Goodall, J. (1990), Through a Window. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Company.

Gottlieb, G. (1992). Individual Development and Evolution: The Genesis of Novel Behavior. New York: Oxford University Press.

Gould, S.J.(1977). Ontogeny and Phylogeny. Massachusetts: The Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.

Gould, J.L. and Gould, C.G. (1989). Sexual Selection. New York: Scientific American Library.

Gould, S.J. (1989). Wonderful Life. New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Gould, S.J. (1996). Full house: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin. New York: Harmony Books.

Haley, K.J. and Fessler, D.M.T. (2005) Nobodyís watching? Subtle cues affect generosity in an anonymous economic game. Evolution and Human Behavior 26(3):245-256. Download PDF

Hamilton, W.D. (1964). The Genetical Evolution of Social Behaviour. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7, 1-16, 17-52.

Hamilton, W.D. (1996). Narrow Roads of Gene Land, Volume 1: Evolution of Social Behaviour. Oxford, England: W.H. Freeman.

Hamilton, W.D. (2001). Narrow Roads of Gene Land, Volume 2: Evolution of Sex. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Hamilton, W.D. (2005). Narrow Roads of Gene Land, Volume 3: Last words. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Haselton M. G. & Buss, D. M. (2000). Error management theory: A new perspective on biases in cross-sex mind reading. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 81-91. PDF Format

Haselton, M. G., Mortezaie, M., Pillsworth, E. G., Bleske-Recheck, A. E., & Frederick, D. A. (2007). Ovulation and human female ornamentation: Near ovulation, women dress to impress. Hormones and Behavior, 51, 40-45. PDF Format

Hauser, M. D. (2006). Moral minds. New York: Harper Collins.

Hernstein, R.J. and Murray, C. (1994). The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New York: The Free Press.

Hohanson, D. and Shreeve, J. (1989). Lucy's Child: The Discovery of a Human Ancestor. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Hrdy, S.B. (1981). The Woman that Never Evolved. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Humphrey, N. (1992). A History of the Mind. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Jackendoff, R. (1994). Patterns in the Mind. New York: Basic Books.

Jaynes, J. (1976). The Origins of Consciousness in the Breakdown of the Bicameral Mind. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.

Johanson, D. C. and O'Farrell, K. (1990). Journey from the Dawn: Life with the World's First Family. New York: Villard Books.

Johanson, D., Johanson, L. & Edgar, B. (1994). Ancestors: In Search of Human Origins. New  

Johnson, J.L., McAndrew, F.T., and Harris, P.B. Sociobiology and the Naming of Adopted and Natural Children. New York: Elsevier Science Publishing Co., Inc.

Kauffman, S.A. (1993). The Origins of Order: Self-Organization and Selection in Evolution. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kauffman, S. (1995). At Home in the Universe. New York: Oxford University Press.

Kellert, S.R. and Wilson, E.O. (Eds.). (1993). The Biophilia Hypothesis. Washington, D.C., Island Press.

Kitcher, P. (1985). Vaulting Ambition. Massachusetts: The MIT Press.

Kuhn, T.S. (1962). The Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

Larsen, R., & Buss, D.M. (2008).  Personality: Domains of knowledge about human nature, 3nd Edition. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

Leakey, R. and Lewin, R. (1992). Origins: Reconsidered. New York: Doubleday.

Lewin, R. (1993). The Origin of Modern Humans. New York: Scientific American Library.

Lieberman, P. (1991). Uniquely Human. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Lieberman, D., Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (2007). The architecture of human kin detection. Nature, 445, 727-731.

Lopreato, J. (1984). Human Nature and Biocultural Evolution. Boston: Allen and Unwin.

Lumsden, C.J. and Wilson, E.O. (1981). Genes, Mind, and Culture. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Marks, I.M. (1987). Fears, Phobias, and Rituals. New York: Oxford.

Marr, D. (1982). Vision. San Francisco: Freeman.

Mayr, E. (1976). Evolution and the Diversity of Life. Harvard University Press.

Mayr, E. (1982). The Growth of Biological Thought. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Mayr, E. (1988). Toward a New Philosophy of Biology. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Margulis, L. and Sagan, D. (1991). Mystery Dance: On the Evolution of Human Sexuality. New York: Summit Books.

McElreath, R. & Boyd, R. (2007). Mathematical models of social evolution. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

McNeill, W.H. (1976). Plagues and Peoples. Garden City: Anchor Books.

Mitchell, G. (1981). Human Sex Differences: A Primatologist's Perspective. New York: Litton Educational Publishing, Inc.

Mock, D. W. & Parker, G. A. (1997). The evolution of sibling rivalry. Oxford: Oxford University press.

Moorehead, A. (1969). Darwin and the Beagle. New York: Harper and Row Publishers.

Nesse, R.M. and Williams, G.C. (1994). Why We Get Sick. New York: Times Books.

Nettle, D. (2006). The evolution of personality variation in humans and other animals. American Psychologist 61: 622-31. PDF

Nowak, M. A. (2006). Evolutionary dynamics. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Ornstein, R. (1991). Evolution of Consciousness. New York: A Touchstone Book.

Parker, S. (1992). The Dawn of Man. New York: Crescent Books.

Pinker, S. (1994). The Language Instinct. New York: William Morrow and Company, Inc.

Pillsworth, E. G. & Haselton, M. G. (2006). Womenís sexual strategies: The evolution of long-term bonds and extra-pair sex. Annual Review of Sex Research, 17, 59-100. PDF Format

Pinker (2002). The blank slate.  New York:  Norton.

Pinker, S. (in press). How the Mind Works. New York: Norton.

Pinker, S., & Bloom, P. (1990). Natural Language and Natural Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 13, 707-784.

Popper, K.R. (1959). The Logic of Scientific Discovery. New York: Harper and Row, Publishers.

Prcherson, P. J. & Boyd, R. (2006) Not by genes alone. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Profet, M. (1992).  Pregnancy sickness as adaptation:  A deterrent to maternal ingestion of teratogens. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind (pp. 327-366).  New York: Oxford University Press.

Raff, R.A. (1996). The Shape of Life: Genes Development, and the Evolution of Animal Form. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Raup, D.M. (1991). Extinction: Bad genes or bad luck? New York: W.W. Norton and Company.

Ridley, M. (1993). The Red Queen. New York: Penguin Books.

Rose, M.R. (1991). Evolutionary Biology of Aging. New York: Oxford Universiy Press.

Rushton, J.P. (1995). Race, Evolution and Behavior. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.

Salmon, C. A. & Schackelford, T. K. (Eds.) (2007). Family relationships: an evolutionary perspective. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Searle, J.R. (1992). The Rediscovery of the Mind. Cambridge: The MIT Press.

Seligman, M.E.P., & Hagar, J.L. (Eds.)(1972). Biological Boundaries of Learning. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts.

Sheets-Johnstone, M. (1990). The Roots of Thinking. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Shostak, M. (1981). Nisa: The Life and Words of a !Kung Woman. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Smith, J.M. (1989). Did Darwin Get it Right? New York: Chapman and Hall.

Stanley, S.M. (1987). Extinction. New York: Scientific American Library.

Stearns, S.C. (1992). The Evolution of Life Histories. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Strickberger, M.W. (1990). Evolution. Boston: Jones and Bartlett Publishers.

Stringer, C. and Gamble, C. (1993). In Search of the Neanderthals. New York: Thames and Hudson, Ltd.

Sulloway, F. (1996). Born to Rebel. New York: Pantheon.

Symons, D. (1979).  The evolution of human sexuality.  New York:  Oxford.

Theissen, D. (1996). Bittersweet Destiny: The stormy evolution of human behavior. Transaction Publishers.

Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (1992).  Psychological foundations of culture.  In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind (pp. 19 - 136).  New York:  Oxford University Press.

Trivers, R. (1985). Social Evolution. Menlo Park: Benjamin/Cummings.

Van der Dennen, J.M.G. (ed.) (1992). The Nature of the Sexes: The Sociobiology of Sex Differences and the 'Battle of the Sexes.' Netherlans: Origin Press.

Wallace, A.R. (1855). On the Law Which Has Regulated the Introduction of New Species. Annals and Magazine of Natural History, 26, 184-196.

Wallace, A.R. (1905). My Life: A Record of Events and Opinions. London: reprinted Farnborough, Gregg International, 1969, two volumes.

Weinberg, S. (1992), Dreams of Final Theory. New York: Pantheon Books.

Williams, G.C. (1966). Adaptation and Natural Selection: A Critique of Some Current Evolutionary Thought. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.

Williams, G.C. (1975). Sex and Evolution. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

Williams, G.C. (1991). The dawn of Darwinian medicine. The Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol. 66, No. 1.

Williams, G.C. (1992). Natural Selection: Domains, Levels, and Challenges. New York: Oxford University Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1978). On Human Nature. Massachusetts: Harvard University Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1992). The Diversity of Life. Cambridge: The Belknap Press.

Wilson, E.O. (1996). In Search of Nature. Washington, D.C.: Island Press

Wilson, E.O. (1975). Sociobiology: A new synthesis. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

Wilson, G. (1989). The Great Sex Divide: A Study of Male-Female Difference. London: Peter Owen Publishers.

Wilson, J.Q. and Hernstein, R.J. (1985). Crime and Human Nature. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Wright, Robert (1994). The Moral Animal. New York: Pantheon Books.

Important Papers in Evolutionary Psychology

Alexander, R.D., & Noonan, K.M. (1979). Concealment of ovulation, parental care, and human social evolution. In N.A. Chagnon & W. Irons (Eds.), Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective (pp. 402-435). North Scituate, MA : Duxbury.

Belsky, J., Steinberg, L., & Draper, P. (1991). Childhood experience, interpersonal development, and reproductive strategy: An evolutionary theory of socialization. Child Development, 62, 647-670.

Bereczkei, T. (1993). R-selected reproductive strategies among Hungarian Gypsies. Ethology and Sociobiology, 14, 71-88.

Betzig, L. (1989). Causes of conjugal dissolution: A cross-cultural study. Current Anthropology, 30, 654-676.

Betzig, L. (1993). Sex, succession, and stratification in the first six civilizations: How powerful men reproduced, passed power on to their sons, and used power to defend their wealth, women, and children. In: L. Ellis (Ed.), Social Stratification and Socioeconomic Inequality. Westport, Connecticut: Praeger, 37-74.

Bouchard, T.J., Lykken, D.T., McGue, M., Segal, N.L., and Tellegen, A. (1990). Sources of Human psychological differences: The Minnesota study of twins reared apart. Science, Vol. 250, 223-228.

Buss, D.M. (1988). The evolution of human intrasexual competition: Tactics of mate attraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 54, 661-628.

Buss, D.M. (1989). Sex differences in human mate preferences: Evolutionary hypotheses tested in 37 cultures. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 12, 1-49.

Buss, D.M. (Ed.)(1990). Biological foundations of personality: Evolution, behavioral genetics, and psychophysiology. Journal of Personality. [special issue].

Buss, D.M. (1991). Evolutionary personality psychology. Annual Review of Psychology, 45, 459-491.

Buss, D.M., Larsen, R.J., Westen, D. and Semmelbroth, J. (1992). Sex differences in jealousy: Evolution, physiology, and psychology. Psychological Science, 3, 251-255.

Buss, D.M., & Schmitt, D.P. (1993). Sexual Strategies Theory: An evolutionary perspective on human mating. Psychological Review, 100, 204-232.

Buss, D.M., & Shackelford, T.K. (in press). From vigilance to violence: Tactics of mate retention in married couples. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology.

Buss, D.M. (1995). Evolutionary psychology: A new paradigm for psychological science. Psychological Inquiry, 6, 1-30.

Cashden, E. (1993). Attracting mates: Effects of parental investment on mate attraction strategies. Ethology and Sociobiology, 14, 1-24.

Cavalli-Sforza, L.L., Piazza, A., Menozzi, P., and Mountain, J. (1988). Reconstruction of human evolution: Bringing together genetic, archaeological, and linguistic data. Procedures of The National Academy of Science, Vol. 85, pp.6002-6006.

Cavalli-Sforza, L. (1991). Genes, peoples and languages. Scientific American, November, 104-110.

Chagnon, N.A. (1979). Mate competition, favoring close kin, and village fissioning among the Yanomamo Indians. In: N.A. Chagnon and Irons, W. (Eds.). North Scituate, Massachusetts: Duxbury Press, 86-131.

Cosmides, L. (1989). The logic of social exchange: Has natural selection shaped how humans reason? Cognition, 31, 187-276.

Cosmides, L. and Tooby, J. (1992). Cognitive adaptations for social exchange. In: J.H. Barkow, L. Cosmides and J. Tooby (Eds.), The Adapted Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 163-228.

Crawford, C. (1989). The theory of evolution: Of what value to psychology? Journal of Comparative Psychology, Vol. 103, No. 1,4-22.

Cunningham, M., Barbee, A., Pike, C. (1990). What do women want? Facialmetric assessment of multiple motives in the perception of male facial attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol.59, No. 1, 61-72.

Daly, M., Wilson, M., & Weghorst, S.J. (1982). Male sexual jealousy. Ethology and Sociobiology, 3, 11-27.

Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1981). Abuse and neglect of children in evolutionary perspective. In: R.D. Alexander and D.W. Tinkle (Eds.), Natural Selection and Social Behavior. New York: Chiron Press, Inc., 405-416.

Daly, M. and Wilson, M. (1988). Evolutionary social psychology and family homicide. Science, 242, 519-524.

deCatanzaro, D. (1980). Human suicide: a biologic perspective. The Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3, 265-290.

Eldredge, N. and Gould, S.J. (1972). Punctuated equilibria: An alternative to phyletic gradualism. In: T.J.M. Schopf (Ed.). Models in Paleobiology. San Francisco: Freeman, pp 82-115.

Ellis, B.J., & Symons, D. (1990). Sex differences in sexual fantasy: An evolutionary psychological approach. Journal of Sex Research, 38, 255-273.

Ellis, L. (1987). Criminal behavior and r/K selection: An extension of gene-based evolutionary theory. Personality and Individual Differences, 1-11.

Ellis, L. (1991). A synthesized (biosocial) theory of rape. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, Vol.59, No. 5, 631-642.

Emlen, S.T. (1995). An evolutionary theory of the family. Procedures of The National Academy of Science, Vol. 92. pp. 8092-8099.

Essock-Vitale, S. (1984). The reproductive success of wealthy Americans. Ethology and Sociobiology 5: 45-49.

Ewald, P.W. (1990). Transmission modes and the evolution of virulence: With special reference to Cholera, Influenza, and AIDS. Human Nature, Vol.2, No. 1, pp.1-30.

Fisher, H.E. (1989). Evolution of human serial pairbonding. American Journal of Physical Anthropology, 78, 331-354.

Fisher, H. (1994). The nature of romantic love. The Journal of NIH Research, 6, 59-64.

Fox, R. (1996). Sexual conflict in the epics. Human Nature, 6, 135-144.

Gangestad, S.W., & Simpson, J.A. (1990). Toward an evolutionary history of female sociosexual variation. Journal of Personality, 58, 69-96.

Gangestad, S.W. and Buss, D.M. (1993). Pathogen prevalence and human mate preferences. Ethology and Sociobiology, 14, 89-96.

Gangestad, S. W., & Thornhill, R. (1998). Menstrual cycle variation in women's preferences for the scent of symmetrical men. Proceedings of the Royal Society of London B, 265, 727-733.

Gatesy, S.M., and Dial, K.P. (1996). Locomotor modules and the evolution of avian flight. Evolution, 50(1), 331-340.

Gilbert, D. (1991). How mental systems believe. American Psychologist, Vol.46, No. 2.

Gould, S.J. (1994). Lucy on the earth in stasis. Natural History, September, 12-20.

Gould, S.J., and Eldredge, N. (1977). Puncutated equilibria: the tempo and mode of evolution reconsidered. Paleobiology, Vol.3, pp. 115-151.

Gould, S.J., and Eldredge, N. (1993). Punctuated equilibrium comes of age. Nature, Vol 366, 223-227.

Gould, S.J., and Lewontin, R.C. (1979). The spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian paradigm: a critique of the adaptationist programme. Procedures of the Royal Society of London B, 205, 581-598.

Grammer, K., and Thornhill, R. (1994). Human (Homo sapiens) Facial attractiveness and sexual selection: The role of symmetry and averageness. Journal of Comparative Psychology, Vol.108, No. 3, 233-242.

Haig, D. (1993). Genetic conflicts in human pregnancy. The Quarterly Review of Biology, Vol. 68, No. 4.

Hamilton, W.D. (1964). The evolution of social behavior. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 7, 1-52.

Hamilton, W.D. (1980). Sex versus non-sex versus parasite. Oikos, 35, 282-290.

Hamilton, W.D. (1963). The evolution of altruistic behavior. American Naturalist, 97, 354-356.

Hamilton, W.D. and Zuk, M. (1982) Heritable true fitness and bright birds: A role for parasites? Science, 218, 384-387.

Hartung, J. (1976). On natural selection and the inheritance of wealth. Current Anthropology, Vol.17, No. 4.

Harvey, P., and Krebs, J. (1990). Comparing Brains. Science, Vol. 249, 140-146.

Hill, K., & Hurtado, A.M. (1991). The evolution of premature reproductive senescence and menopause in human females. Human Nature, 2, 313-350.

Jerison, H.J. (1985). Animal intelligence as encephalization. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B., 308, 21-35.

Keller, M.C., Thiessen, D. and Young, R.K. (1996). Mate assortment in dating and married couples. Personality & Individual Differences, 21, 217-221.

Kenrick, D.T., & Keefe, R.C. (1992). Age preferences in mates reflect sex differences in reproductive strategies. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15, 75-133.

Langlois, J.H., & Roggman, L.A. (1990). Attractive faces are only average. Psychological Science, 1, 115-121.

Langlois, J.H., Roggman, L.A. and Musselman, L. (1994). What is average and what is not average about attractive faces. Psychological Science, 5, 214-220.

Leslie, A.M. (1991). The theory of mind impairment in autism: Evidence for modular mechanisms of development? In A. Whiten (Ed.), The Emergence of Mind Reading. Oxford, England: Blackwell.

Lopreato, J., and Yu, Mei-yu. (1988). Human fertility and fitness optimization. Ethology and Sociobiology , 9: 269-289.

Lovejoy, C. O. (1987). The origin of man. In: R.L. Ciochon and J.G. Fleagle (Eds.), Primate Evolution and Human Origins. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 289-298.

Low, B.S. (1989). Cross-cultural patterns in the training of children: An evolutionary perspective. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 103, 311-319.

Low, B.S. (1990). Marriage systems and pathogen stress in human societies. American Zoologist, 30, 325-339.

Lykken, D.T., McGue, M., Telligen, A. and Bouchard, T.J. Jr. (1992). Emergenesis: Genetic traits that may not run in families. American Psychologist, 47, 1565-1577.

MacDonald, K. (1992). Warmth as a developmental construct: An evolutionary analysis. Child Development, 63, 753-773.

McGue, M., and Lykken, D. Genetic influence on risk of divorce. Psychological Science, Vol.3, No. 6.

McGuire, M.T. (1979). Sociobiology: It's potential contributions to psychiatry. Perspectives in Biology and Medicine, Vol.23, No.1.

Mealey, L. (1985). The relationship between social status and biological success: A case study of the Mormon religious hierarchy. Ethology and Sociobiology, 6:249-257.

Nielsen, F. (1994). Sociobiology and Sociology. Annual Review of Sociobiology, 20: 267-303.

Orians, G.H., & Heerwagen, J.H. (1992). Evolved responses to landscapes. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The Adapted Mind (pp. 555-580). New York: Oxford.

Pedersen, F.A. (1991). Secular trends in human sex ratios: Their influence on individual and family behavior. Human Nature, 3, 271-291.

Perusse, D. (1992). Cultural and reproductive success in industrial societies: Testing the relationship at the proximate and ultimate levels. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Perusse, D. (1993). Cultural and reproductive success in industrial societies: Testing the relationship at the proximate and ultimate

levels. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 16, 267-284.

Platt, J. (1964). Strong inference. Science, 146, 347-353.

Plomin, R., DeFries, J.C., & Loehlin, J.C. (1977). Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 309-322.

Posner, M.I. (1994). Attention: The mechanisms of consciousness. Procedures of the National Academy of Science, 91, 7398-7403.

Profet, M. (1992). Pregnancy sickness as an adaptation: A deterrent to maternal ingestion of teratogens. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The adapted mind (pp. 327-366). New York: Oxford.

Pylyshyn, Z.W. (1980). Computation and cognition: Issues in the foundations of cognitive science. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 3, 111-132.

Rozin, P. (1988). The adaptive-evolutionary point of view in experimental psychology. In: R.C. Atkinson, R.J. Herrnstein, G. Lindzey and R.Duncan Luce (Eds.). Steven's handbook of experimental psychology. New York: John Wiley and Sons, 503-546.

Rushton, J.P. (1988). Race differences in behaviour: A review and evolutionary analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, Vol.9, No. 6, pp. 1009-1024.

Ryan, M., and Kirkpatrick, M. (1995) Sexual Selection. Discovery, Vol. 13, No. 4.

Sadalla, E.K., & Kenrick, D.T. (1987). Dominance and heterosexual attraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 52, 730-738.

Scarr, S., & McCartney, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype --> environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424-435.

Schmitt, D. P., & Pilcher, J. J. (2004). Evaluating evidence of psychological adaptation: How do we know one when we see one? Psychological Science, 15, 643-649.

Segal, N.L. (1993). Twin, sibling, and adoption methods. American Psychology, Vol. 48, No.9.

Shackelford, T. K., & Goetz, A. T. (2007). Adaptation to sperm competition in humans. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 16, 47-50.

Shackelford, T. K., & Goetz, A. T. (2006). Comparative evolutionary psychology of sperm competition. Journal of Comparative Psychology, 120, 139-146.

Shackelford, T. K., & Goetz, A. T. (2004). Menís sexual coercion in intimate relationships: Development and initial validation of the Sexual Coercion in Intimate Relationships Scale. Violence and Victims, 19, 541-556.

Shackelford, T. K., LeBlanc, G. J., Weekes-Shackelford, V. A., Bleske-Rechek, A. L., Euler, H. A., & Hoier, S. (2002). Psychological adaptation to human sperm competition. Evolution and Human Behavior, 23, 123-138.

Shackelford, T. K., Buss, D. M., & Peters, J. (2000). Wife killing: Risk to women as a function of age. Violence and Victims, 15, 273-282.

Shepard, R.N. (1987). Toward a universal law of generalization for psychological science. Science, 237, 1317-1323.

Silverman, I., & Eals, M. (1992). Sex differences in spatial abilities: Evolutionary theory and data. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The Adapted Mind (pp. 495-432). New York: Oxford.

Singh, D. (1993). Adaptive significance of waist-to-hip ratio and female attractiveness. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 293-307.

Singh, D. (1993). Adaptive significance of female physical attractiveness: Role of waist-to-hip ratio. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 293-307.

Singh, D. (1993).  Adaptive significance of waist-to-hip ratio and female physical attractiveness.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 293-307.

Small, M. (1991). Sperm. Discover, 48-53.

Symons, D. (1992). On the use and misuse of Darwinism in the study of human behavior. In: J.H. Barkow, L. Cosmides and J. Tooby (Eds)., The Adapted Mind. New York: Oxford University Press, 137-162.

Symons, D. (1992). On the use and misuse of Darwinism in the study of human behavior. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (eds.), The Adapted Mind (pp. 121-146). New York: Oxford University Press.

Thiessen, D. (1993). Environmental tracking by females: sexual lability. Human Nature, 5, 167-202.

Thiessen, D. (1977). Social and evolutionary correlates of assortative mating. In: M. Corballis (Ed). In Press.

Thiessen, Del (1997). Universal Desires and Fears: The deep history of sociobiology. Austin: Gaea Publishing Company. (book)

Thiessen, D. (1997). A review of J. Phillippe Rushton (1996) Race, Evolutiuon and behavior: A life history perspective. New Brusnswick: Transacvtion Publishers. Killing the messenger. European Sociobiological Society, No. 43, 28-32. Thiessen, D. (1997). Meme over matter: Descartes redux. A critique of Daniel Dennett's Darwin's dangerous idea. Mankind Quarterly, In Press.

Thiessen, D. and Gregg, B. (1980). Human assortative mating and genetic equilibrium: An evolutionary perspective. Ethology and Sociobiology, 1, 111-140.

Thiessen, D., and Young, R. (1994). Investigating sexual coersion. Society, March/April, 60-63.

Thiessen, D., Young, R.K. and Delgado, M. (1996). Social pressures for assortative mating. Personality & Individual Differences, 22, 157-164.

Thiessen, D. and Villarreal, R. (1997). Allometry and comparative psychology: technique and theory. In: G. Greenberg & M. Haraway (Eds), Encylopedia of Comparative Psychology. (In Press)

Thornhill, R. and Thornhill, N.W. (1992). The evolutionary psychology of men's coercive sexuality. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 15, 363-421.

Thornhill, R. (1993). The allure of symmetry. Natural History, 9, 31-36.

Tooby, J. (1982). Pathogens, polymorphism, and the evolution of sex. Journal of Theoretical Biology, 97, 557-576.

Tooby, J., & Cosmides, L. (1990). On the universality of human nature and the uniqueness of the individual: The role of genetics and adaptation. Journal of Personality, 58, 17-68.

Tooby, J. & Cosmides, L. (1990). The past explains the present: Emotional adaptations and the structure of ancestral environments. Ethology and Sociobiology, 11, 375-424.

Tooby, J., & Cosmides.L. (1992). Psychological foundations of culture. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The Adapted Mind (pp.19-136). New York: Oxford University Press.

Tooke, W., & Camire, L. (1991). Patterns of deception in intersexual and intrasexual mating strategies. Ethology and Sociobiology, 12, 345-364.

Trivers, R. (1971). The evolution of reciprocal altruism. Quarterly Review of Biology, 46- 35-57.

Trivers, R. (1972). Parental investment and sexual selection. In: B. Campbell (Ed.), Sexual Selection and the Descent of Man. New York: Aldine de Gruyter, 136-179.

Vrba, E.S. (1985). Environment and evolution: Alternative causes of the temporal distribution of evolutionary events. South African Journal of Science, 81, 229-236.

Williams, G.C. and Nesse, R.M. (1991) The dawn of Darwinian Medicine. The Quarterly Review of Biology, 66-1-22.

Wilson, M., & Daly, M. (1987). Risk of maltreatment of children living with step-parents. In R.J. Gelles & J. B. Lancaster (Eds.), Child Abuse and Neglect (pp. 215-232). Hawthorne, NY: Aldine de Gruyter.

Wilson, M., & Daly, M. (1992). The man who mistook his wife for a chattel. In J. Barkow, L. Cosmides, & J. Tooby (Eds.), The Adapted Mind (pp. 289-322). New York: Oxford University Press.

Wilson, D.S., and Sober, E. (1994). Reintroducing group selection to the human behavioral sciences. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 17, 585-654.

Important Publications in Individual Differences

Allport, G. W. (1937). Personality: A psychological interpretation. New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston.

Anastasi, A. (1958). Heredity, environment, and the question "How?" Psychological Review, 65, 197-208.

Balinsky, B. (1941). An analysis of the mental factors of various age groups from nine to sixty. Genetic Psychology Monographs, 23, 191-234.

Baltes, P. B., & Lindenberger, U. (1997). Emergence of a powerful connection between sensory and cognitive functions across the adult life span: A new window to the study of cognitive aging? Psychology and Aging, 12, 12-21.

Barrick, M. R. & Mount, M. K. (1991). The Big Five personality dimensions and job performance: A meta-analysis. Personnel Psychology, 44, 1-26.

Bornstein, M. H., & Sigman, M. D. (1986). Continuity in mental development from infancy. Child Development, 57, 251-274.

Bradley, R. H., & Corwyn, R. F. (2002). Socioeconomic status and child development. Annual Review of Psychology, 53, 371-399.

Bouchard, T. J., Jr., & Loehlin, J. C. (2001). Genes, evolution, and personality. Behavior Genetics, 31, 243-273.

Bouchard, T. J., & McGue, M. (1981). Familial studies of intelligence: A review. Science 212, 1055-1059.

Bronfenbrenner, U., & Ceci, S. J. (1994). Nature-nurture reconceptualized in developmental perspective: A bioecological model. Psychological Review, 101, 568-586.

Carroll, J. B. (1993). Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor-analytic Studies. Cambridge University Press.

Cattell, R.B. (1941). Some theoretical issues in adult intelligence testing.Psychological Bulletin, 38, 592.

Cattell, R. B. (1987). Intelligence: Its structure, growth, and action. (Revised and reprinted from Abilities: Their structure, growth and action, 1971). Amsterdam: North-Holland.

Caspi, A., & Roberts, B.W. (2001). Personality development across the life span: The argument for change and continuity. Psychological Inquiry, 12, 49-66.

Caspi, A., Roberts, B. W., & Shiner, R. L. (2005). Personality development: Stability and change. Annual Review of Psychology, 56, 453-484.

Ceci, S. J. (1991). How much does schooling influence general intelligence and its cognitive components? A reassessment of the evidence. Developmental Psychology, 27, 703-722.

Conley, J. J. (1984). The hierarchy of consistency: A review and model of longitudinal findings on adult individual differences in intelligence, personality and self-opinion. Personality and Individual Differences, 5, 11-25.

Costa, P. T., Jr. & McCrae, R. R. (1992b). Four ways the five factors are basic. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 653-665.

Cronbach, L. J. (1960). Essentials of Psychological Testing (2nd ed.). Oxford, England: Harper.

Cronbach, L. J. & Gleser, G. C. (1957). Psychological tests and personnel decisions. Urbana, IL: University of Illinois Press.

Cronbach, L . J. & Meehl, P. E. (1955). Construct validity in psychological tests. Psychological Bulletin, 52, 281-302.

Davies, G., Tenesa, A., Payton, A., Yang, J., Harris, S. E., Liewald, D., ... Deary, I. J. (2011). Genome-wide association studies establish that human intelligence is highly heritable and polygenic. Molecular Psychiatry, 16, 996-1005.

Davis, O. S. P., Haworth, C. M. A., & Plomin, R. (2009). Dramatic increases in heritability of cognitive development from early to middle childhood: An 8-year longitudinal study of 8,700 pairs of twins. Psychological Science, 20, 1301-1308.

Deater-Deckard, K., & Mayr, U. (2005). Cognitive change in aging: Identifying gene-environment correlation and nonshared environmental mechanisms. Journals of Gerontology, Series B: Social Sciences, 60, 24-31.

DeYoung, C. G., Quilty, L. C., & Peterson, J. B. (2007). Between facets and domains: 10 aspects of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 93, 880-896.

DeYoung, C. G. (2006). Higher-order factors of the big five in a multi-informant sample. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 91, 1138-1151.

Deary, I.J., & Pagliari, C. (1991). The strength of g at different levels of ability: Have Dettermanand Daniel rediscovered Spearman's "law of diminishing returns"? Intelligence, 15, 247-250.

Dickens, W. T., & Flynn, J. R., (2001). Heritability estimates versus large environmental effects: The IQ paradox resolved. Psychological Review, 108, 346-369.

Digman, J. M. & Takemoto-Chock, N. K. (1981). Factors in the natural language of personality: Re-analysis, comparison, and interpretation of six major studies. Multivariate Behavioral Research, 16, 149-170.

Downey, D. B., von Hippel, P. T., & Broh, B. A. (2004). Are schools the great equalizer? Cognitive inequality during the summer months and the school year. American Sociological Review, 69, 613-635.

Duncan, G.J., Dowsett, C. J., Claessens, A., Magnuson, K., Huston, A. C., Klebanov, P.,  ... Japel, C. (2007). School readiness and later achievement. Developmental Psychology, 43, 1428-1446.

Duncan, G.J., & Murnane, R.J. (Eds.) (2011). Whither Opportunity? Rising Inequality, Schools, and Children's Life Chances. New York: Russell Sage.

Eysenck, H. J. (1992b). Four ways five factors are not basic. Personality and Individual Differences, 13, 667-673.Eysenck, H. J. & Eysenck, S. B. G. (1976). Psychoticism as a dimension of personality. New York: Crane, Russak, & Co.

Finkel, D., Pedersen, N. L., McGue, & McClearn, G. E. (1995). Heritability of cognitive abilities in adult twins: Comparison of Minnesota and Swedish data. Behavior Genetics, 25, 421-431.

Ferguson, C. J. (2010). A meta-analysis of normal and disordered personality across the life span. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 98, 659-667.

Flynn, J. R. (1987). Massive IQ gains in 14 nations: What IQ tests really measure. Psychological Bulletin, 101, 171-191.

Garlick, D. (2002). Understanding the nature of the general factor of intelligence: the role of individual differences in neural plasticity as an explanatory mechanism. Psychological Review, 109, 116-136.

Garrett, H. E. (1946). A developmental theory of intelligence. American Psychologist, I, 372-378.

Goldsmith, H. H., Buss, A. H., Plomin, R., Rothbart, M. K., Thomas, A., Chess, S., & ... McCall, R. B. (1987). Roundtable: What is temperament? Four approaches. Child Development, 58, 505-529.

Harden, K. P., Turkheimer, E., & Loehlin, J. C. (2007). Genotype by environment interaction in adolescents' cognitive aptitude. Behavior Genetics, 37, 273-283.

Haworth, C.M.A, Wright, M. J., Luciano, M., Martin, N. G., de Geus, E. J. C., van Beijsterveldt, C. E. M., ... Plomin, R. (2010). The heritability of general cognitive ability increases linearly from childhood to young adulthood. Molecular Psychiatry, 15, 1112-1120.

Heath, A. C., Berg, K., Eaves, L. J., Solaas, M. H., Corey, L. A., Sundet, J., ... Nance, W. E. (1985). Education policy and the heritability of educational attainment. Nature, 314, 734-736.

Heckman, J.J. (2006). Skill formation and the economics of investing in disadvantaged children. Science, 312, 1900-1902.

Horn, J. L., & McArdle, J. J. (1992). A practical and theoretical guide to measurement invariance in aging research. Experimental Aging Research, 18, 117-144.

Jensen, A. R. (1998). The g factor. Westport: Praeger.

John, O. P. & Srivastava, S. (1999). The Big Five Trait taxonomy: History, measurement, and theoretical perspectives. In L. A. Pervin & O. P. John (Eds.), Handbook of personality: Theory and research (2nd ed., pp. 102-139). New York: Guilford Press.

Lenroot, R.K., & Giedd, J.N. (2008). The changing impact of genes and environment on brain development during childhood and adolescence: Initial findings from neuroimaging study of pediatric twins. Development and Psychopathology, 20, 1161-1175.

Loehlin, J. C. (1992). Genes and environment in personality development. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

Loehlin, J. C. (1996). The Cholesky approach: A cautionary note. Behavioral Genetics, 26, 65-69.

Loehlin, J. C., & Nichols, R. C. (1976). Heredity, environment and personality. Austin: University of Texas.

McCartney, K., Harris, M. J., & Bernieri, F. (1990). Growing up and growing apart: A developmental meta-analysis of twin studies. Psychological Bulletin, 107, 226-237.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. J., Jr. (1997). Personality trait structure as human universal. American Psychologist, 52, 509-516.

McArdle, J. J. & Goldsmith, H. H. (1990). Alternative common factor models for multivariate biometric analyses. Behavior Genetics, 20, 569-608.

McArdle, J.J., Ferrer-Caja, E., Hamagami, F. & Woodcock, R.W. (2002). Comparative longitudinal multilevel structural analyses of the growth and decline of multiple intellectual abilities over the life-span. Developmental Psychology, 38, 115-142.

Marsh, H. W., Lüdtke, O., Muthén, B., Asparouhov, T., Morin, A. J. S., Trautwein, U., & Nagengast, B. (2010). A new look at the big five factor structure through exploratory structural equation modeling. Psychological Assessment, 22, 471-492.

McCrae, R. R., & Costa, P. T., Jr. (1994). The stability of personality: Observations and evaluations. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 3, 173-175.

McGue, M. (1997). The democracy of the genes. Nature, 388, 417-418.

McGue, M., Bacon, S., & Lykken, D. T. (1993). Personality stability and change in early adulthood: A behavioral genetic analysis. Developmental Psychology, 29, 96-109.

McGue, M., Bouchard, T. J., Iacono, W. G., Lykken, D. T. (1993) Behavioral genetics of cognitive ability: A life-span perspective. In: R. Plomin & G. E. McClearn (Eds.), Nature, Nurture, and Psychology (pp. 59-76). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

McLoyd, V. C. (1998). Socioeconomic disadvantage and child development. American Psychologist, 53, 185-204.

Mischel, W. (1968). Personality and assessment. New York: Wiley.

Moffitt, T. E. (1993). Adolescence-limited and life-course persistent antisocial behavior: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674-701.

Neale, M. C., & Cardon, L. R. (1992). Methodology for genetic studies of twins and families. Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Kluwer.

Neisser, U., Boodoo, G., Bouchard, T. J., Jr., Boykin, A. W., Brody, N., Ceci, S. J., . . . Urbina, S. (1996). Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns. American Psychologist, 51, 77-101.

Nelson, C.A., Zeanah, C.H., Fox, N.A., Marshall, P. J., Smyke, A.T., & Guthrie, D. (2007). Cognitive recovery in socially deprived young children: The Bucharest Early Intervention Project. Science, 318, 1937-1940.

Ones, D. S., Viswesvaran, C., & Schmidt, F. L. (1993). Comprehensive meta-analysis of integrity test validities: Findings and implications for personnel selection and theories of job performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 679-703.

Petrill, S. A. (1997). Molarity versus modularity of cognitive functioning? A behavioral genetic perspective. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 6, 96-99.

Plomin, R. (1986). Multivariate analysis and developmental behavioral genetics: Developmental change as well as continuity. Behavior Genetics, 16, 25-43.

Plomin, R., DeFries, J. C., & Loehlin, J. C. (1977). Genotype-environment interaction and correlation in the analysis of human behavior. Psychological Bulletin, 84, 309-322.

Posthuma, D., De Geus, E.J.C., Baare, W.F.C., Pol, H.E.H., Kahn, R.S., & Boomsma, D.I. (2002). The association between brain volume and intelligence is of genetic origin. Nature Neuroscience, 5, 83-84.

Purcell, S. (2002). Variance components models for gene-environment interaction in twin analysis. Twin Research, 5, 554-571.

Roberts, B.W., & DelVecchio, W. F. (2000). The rank-order consistency of personality from childhood to old age: A quantitative review of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 3-25.

Roberts, B. W., Walton, K. & Viechtbauer, W. (2006). Patterns of mean-Level change in personality traits across the life course: A meta-analysis of longitudinal studies. Psychological Bulletin, 132, 1-25.

Rose, S. A., & Feldman, J. F. (1995). Prediction of IQ and specific cognitive abilities at 11 years from infancy measures. Developmental Psychology, 31, 685 - 696.

Rowe, D.C., Jacobson, K.C., & Van den Oord, E. J. C. G. (1999). Genetic and environmental influences on vocabulary IQ: Parental education level as moderator. Child Development, 70, 1151-1162.

Scarr, S., & McCartney, K. (1983). How people make their own environments: A theory of genotype à environment effects. Child Development, 54, 424-435.

Scarr-Salapatek, S. (1971). Race, social class, and IQ. Science, 174, 1285-1295.

Spearman, C. (1927). The abilities of man. London: Macmillan.

Shaw, P., Greenstein, D., Lerch, J., Clasen, L., Lenroot, R., Gogtay, N., Evans, A., Rapoport, J., & Giedd, J. (2006). Intellectual ability and cortical development in children and adolescents. Nature, 440, 676-679.

Srivastava, S., John, O. P., Gosling, S. D., & Potter, J. (2003). Development of personality in early and middle adulthood: Set like plaster or persistent change? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 84, 1041-1053.

Toga, A. W., & Thompson, P. M. (2005). Genetics of brain structure and intelligence. Annual Review of Neuroscience, 28, 1-23.

Tucker-Drob, E. M., Rhemtulla, M., Harden, K. P., Turkheimer, E., & Fask. D. (2011). Emergence of a gene-by-socioeconomic status interaction in infant mental ability from 10 months to 2 years. Psychological Science, 22, 125-133.

Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2009). Differentiation of cognitive abilities across the life span. Developmental Psychology, 45, 1097-1118.

Tucker-Drob, E. M. (2012). Preschools reduce early academic achievement gaps: A longitudinal twin approach. Psychological Science, 23, 310-319.

Turkheimer, E. (2011). Still missing. Research in Human Development, 8, 227-241.

Turkheimer, E. (2000). The three laws of behavioral genetics and what they mean. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 9, 160-164.

Turkheimer, E., Haley, A., Waldron, M., D'Onofrio, B., & Gottesman, I. (2003). Socioeconomic status modifies heritability of IQ in young children. Psychological Science, 14, 623-628. 

van der Maas, H. L. J., Dolan, C. V., Grasman, R. P. P.P., Wicherts, J. M., Huizinga, H. M., & Raijmakers, M. E. J.. (2006). A dynamical model of general intelligence: The positive manifold of intelligence by mutualism. Psychological Review, 113, 842-861.

White, K. R. (1982). The relation between socioeconomic status and academic achievement. Psychological Bulletin, 91, 461-481.

Yamagata, S., Suzuki, A., Ando, J., Ono, Y., Kijima, N., Yoshimura, K., Ostendorf, F., Angleitner, A., Riemann, R., Spinath, F. M., Livesley, W. J., & Jang, K. L. (2006). Is the genetic structure of human personality universal? A cross-cultural twin study from North America, Europe, and Asia. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 987-998..

Turkheimer, E., & Waldron, M. (2000). Nonshared environment: A theoretical, methodological, and quantitative review. Psychological Bulletin, 126, 78-108.

Zuckerman, M., Kuhlman, D. M., Joireman, J., Teta, P. & Kraft, M. (1993). A comparison of three structural models for personality: The Big Three, the Big Five, and the Alternative Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65, 757-768.

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