Department of Asian Studies
Department of Asian Studies

Robert Hardgrave, Jr.

PhD, University of Chicago

Temple Professor Emeritus of the Humanities in Government and Asian Studies
Robert Hardgrave, Jr.



Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr. is the Louann and Larry Temple Centennial Professor Emeritus in the Humanities at the University of Texas at Austin. A specialist in the domestic and international politics of South Asia, he taught at UT in the departments of Government and Asian Studies from 1967 until his retirement in 2001.

Bob Hardgrave grew up in West Texas, graduating from Sonora High School in a class of 31 and attended the University of Texas for his B.A. (1960). He then spent a year in India before beginning graduate work at the University of Chicago, where he completed his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in Political Science. He was an Assistant Professor of Government at Oberlin College in Ohio, 1966-1967, and came to the University of Texas in 1967, where he taught courses on South Asia, with an India focus, and in his other area of specialization in government--American civil liberties and constitutional law. He has served as a consultant for the U. S. Department of State and as Senior Policy Adviser on South Asia for Political Risk Services, Inc.

With many trips to South Asia, he has pursued a number of research projects and has written extensively on India. His most recent book is on the life and work of the Flemish artist F. Baltazard Solvyns, who lived in Calcutta from 1791 to 1803 and produced some 300 etchings depicting "the Hindoos" in their occupations and cultural life.

Beyond his academic interests, Bob Hardgrave is a great fan of classical music, especially opera, and has a serious interest in art. He enjoys travel, with Croatia, Slovenia, Spain, Laos and Myanmar among recent trips.

Correspondence may be directed to: 1409 Flintridge Rd., Austin, TX 78746. Tel: (512) 861-5141.  Personal email address:

Recent Publications:
Among his publications are The Nadars of Tamilnad: The Political Culture of a Community in Change (1969, 2006); Comparative Politics: The Quest for Theory(with James A. Bill, 1973, 1981); Essays in the Political Sociology of South India(1993); and India: Government and Politics of a Developing Nation (with Stanley A. Kochanek, 7th ed., 2007). He is also the author of American Government, a high school text. In a project on the Flemish artist Balthazar Solvyns, who worked in India from 1791-1803, Prof. Hardgrave has published books on Solvyns's portrayal of Indian musical instruments and of the boats of Bengal. A Portrait of the Hindus: Balthazar Solvyns and the European Image of India was published by Oxford University Press in 2004.


ANS 347K • Gov And Politics Of South Asia

27317 • Spring 2001
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM BUR 136
(also listed as GOV 347K)

Since the end of the Cold War, South Asia has become a focal point of growing international attention and concern by nuclear proliferation, the rise of Islamic militancy and the anti-terror war, the emergence of India as a global power, and regional effort for cooperation. South Asian nations have also been experiencing a profound political evolution of democratization. This course provides students with a comprehensive and systematic introduction to the comparative political study of the eight nations of South Asia. Organized in a parallel fashion to facilitate cross-national comparison, the course sections on each nation address 2 several topical areas of inquiry: political culture and heritage, government structure and institutions, political parties and leaders, and social conflict and resolution. India, the preeminent power of the subcontinent, will receive more attention. In terms of the international relations of the region, this course will address several predominant region-wide issues: the India–Pakistan conflict, the rise of Islamic militancy and the AfPak war, and regional cooperation under the South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

Grading Policy

  • Two mid-term exams (60%)
  • One short term paper of 6-7 pages (30%, first draft 15% and final draft 15%)
  • Overall class participation/attendance may be reflected in a plus or minus up to l0 points in determining the course grade.

ANS 391 • Comparative Ethnic Conflict

27495 • Spring 2001
Meets T 3:30PM-6:30PM BUR 234
(also listed as GOV 390L)

Study of various subjects with Asian studies-related content.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Some topics are offered on the letter-grade basis only; these are identified in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic and are given in the Course Schedule.

ANS 384 • Ethncty/Relig/Pol In S Asia

26990 • Spring 2000
Meets W 3:30PM-6:30PM BUR 234
(also listed as GOV 390L)

Study of various aspects and periods of South Asian culture and society.  Specific offerings are listed in the Course Schedule.  Prerequisite: Graduate standing; additional prerequisites vary with the topic and are given in the Course Schedule.

Indian Politics on the Internet

Indian Politics on the Internet:
A Resource Guide

India: Government and Politics in a Developing Nation

7th edition (2007)

Robert L. Hardgrave, Jr.

Stanley A. Kochanek

The Internet, opening vast amounts of information and providing immediate access to unfolding events, is increasingly important for research in the study of politics in South Asia. Internet sites supplement traditional "hard copy" sources in a variety of ways, but they also provide bibliographic access to "hard copy" sources. We may now access online library catalogues throughout the world, enabling us to locate a book or track down an elusive title or reference. Where once we dug into the volumes of various guides to periodical literature, we may now search for articles published in journals and periodicals by such online sources as Public Affairs Information Service International (PAIS International) and Social Sciences Abstracts. These, however, are "proprietary" internet services, available only through subscribing libraries.
 More general online bibliographic indices, using key words to zero in on topics relating to Indian politics, remain essential, but the annual Bibliography of Asian Studies, published annually by Association for Asian Studies since 1956, is a superb resource for books and scholarly articles on India and is available online in subscribing libraries (URL below). Major online full-text sources for newspaper articles on India and South Asia more generally include LEXIS-NEXIS Academic Universe, JASTOR, and Dow Jones Interactive, and an increasing number of newspapers, periodicals, and journals throughout the world are online with full-text.

With the increasing number of library consortia, access to databases and electronic journals is frequently available through both public and academic libraries.  If you don't find a favorite database, ask your librarian to recommend something similar in coverage or content.

For a valuable essay on the use of the internet for online sources on India, with a guide to important websites, see Mary Rader, “Downloading India: A Guide to Online Resources,” in Alyssa Ayres and Philip K. Oldenburg, India Briefing: Takeoff at Last? (Armonk, NY: M. E. Sharpe, 2005), pp. 189-212.


I. General sites for information and links on India

Maps of India:

SARAI: Columbia University South Asia Resource Access on the Internet. See especially “Government & Politics of South Asia.”

Digital South Asia Library.  A comprehensive online resource that includes indexes, journals, and official publications.

Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library (Australian National University): Major resource for India links.

Asian Studies Search Engines (Asian Studies WWW Virtual Library).

India Virtual Library.

ASNIC "India" --Asian Studies Network Information Center at the University of Texas at Austin.

South Asia Resources, University of Virginia.

Indian Studies in the United States. Links to major university programs.

Title VI South Asia Nation Resource Centers:

Center for Research Libraries: South Asia:

Portal to Asian Internet Resources (PAIR), organized by topic.

AsiaSource, a major on-line resource from the Asia Society:

South Asia Network:

Hindustan Network:

India Network.  Links to various Indian sites.

South Asia Web Links (Lubin):

Access Asia: clearing house for information on Asian affairs:

H-ASIA, Asian history and studies scholarly discussion site:

Bibliography of Asian Studies (by subscription):

South Asia Foundation (New Delhi), documentation and information center.

International Directory of South Asia Scholars:

II. Research Institutes and “Think Tanks” (Also see VII.  Foreign Affairs, Military & Security)

Centre for the Study of Developing Societies (Delhi).

Lokniti, Programme for Comparative Democracy (CSDS, Delhi):

Centre for Policy Research (New Delhi).

Center for the Advanced Study of India, University of Pennsylvania.  Analyses of issues in contemporary India.

Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations (New Delhi).

National Council of Applied Economic Research (New Delhi).

Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International Studies: South Asia.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace: South Asia.

National Bureau of Asian Research.  Focus on strategic issues of

 Asia-Pacific region.

III. Government of India

Government of India, directory of government websites.

India Image: Gateway to Government of India information on the web.

Governments on the WWW: India (national and state).

Constitution of India.,  

Prime Minister’s Office:

Indian Parliament:

Election Commission of India:

Planning Commission.

Reserve Bank of India (India’s Central Bank).

Ministry of Finance.

Ministry of Commerce and Industry.

Embassy of India, Washington, D.C.

IV. Parties, Politics, and Elections

Indian National Congress, official website:

Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP), official website:

RSS, official website:

Vishva Hindu Parishad, official website:

Bajrang Dal [Hindu nationalist], official website:

Communist Party of India (Marxist) [CPM], official website:

Communist Party of India (CPI), official website:

Election Commission of India:

Indian Elections:

V. Indian Economy and Society (also see III. Government of India)

Census of India.

IndiaStat: statistical information.

India Statistics (Colorado State University):

Centre for Monitoring Indian Economy.  A reliable and comprehensive source for economic data.

Budget of India, Economic Survey, Ministry of Finance.

Confederation of Indian Industry.

Federation of Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FICCI).

Associated Chambers of Commerce and Industry of India. (ASSOCHAM).

Economy Watch (Infobase, New Delhi):

VI. Issues and Interests


SAWNET (South Asian Women's NETwork):

Centre for Women’s Development Studies:

Self Employed Women’s Association (SEWA).

India Together (women’s issues):

Journal of South Asian Women Studies:


South Asia Bibliographies: Women Studies: India.

Human Rights:

South Asia Watch.

Human Rights Watch-Asia.

People’s Union for Civil Liberties (Delhi).

National Campaign on Dalit Human Right. s


Kashmir Virtual Library:

Kashmir Study Group:, website of overseas Kashmiris seeking an end to violence:

South Asian Diaspora:

VII. Foreign Affairs, Military and Security, Terrorism

South Asia Analysis Group (Chennai), with focus on strategic issues and terrorism.

South Asia Terrorism Portal, site of the Institute of Conflict Management (New Delhi).

Bharat Rakshak, Consortium of Indian Military Websites:

Institute for Defence Studies & Analyses (New Delhi).

Observer Research Foundation (New Delhi).

Institute of Peace and Conflict Studies (New Delhi).

Strategic Foresight Group (Mumbai):

Henry L. Stimson Center (Washington), South Asia security think tank:

Center for Strategic  & International Studies (Washington, DC), South Asia Program.

Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (Washington, DC).  South Asia program.

International Crisis Group-South Asia:

Security Research Review, publication of Bharat-Rakshak.

US-India Friendship. Promoting closer ties between the U.S. and India.

VIII. Media: Newspapers, News Magazines, and Radio-Television

Internet Public Library (University of Michigan): India. Links to Indian newspapers in English and other languages:

South Asia Electronic Journals and Newspapers.  Links:

India Server. Links to Indian newspapers.

Leading Newspapers in India:

The Times of India (Mumbai, New Delhi):

The Hindu (Chennai):

The Hindustan Times (New Delhi):

The Indian Express (numerous editions):

The Statesman (Kolkata, Calcutta):

The Telegraph (Kolkata, Calcutta):

The Deccan Herald (Bangalore):

The Economic Times (Times of India group, Mumbai):

Business-Standard (Mumbai and other editions).

Financial Express (Indian Express group, Mumbai).

Business Line (The Hindu group, Chennai).

Newsmagazines and Periodicals:

Frontline (Chennai, biweekly, published by The Hindu):

India Today (New Delhi, weekly):

Outlook (New Delhi, weekly):

India Abroad (New York, weekly):

The Economic and Political Weekly (Mumbai), India's foremost periodical of the social sciences.

Seminar, monthly symposium on a specific issue (New Delhi).

Business Today (New Delhi). 

Other mass media and services: 

Doordarshan, Government of India television network news:

Press Information Bureau, GOI:

Samachar, India news service:

Rediff India Abroad:

Google News India:

Yahoo! India News:

Sify News.  Online India news.

IX. Journals 

India Review, scholarly research quarterly on issues central to Indian politics, economics, and society.

SAGAR: South Asia Graduate Research Journal:

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