The Department of Government
The Department of Government

International Relations Speaker Series- Renard Sexton

"Global markets, local conflict: How political institutions shape extractive industries conflict in Peru"

Fri, September 23, 2016 | BAT 5.108

2:00 PM - 3:30 PM

Abstract: "Extractive industries have the potential to produce economic benefits, including jobs and tax revenues, but also generate local externalities that grow with international prices via higher production. In this paper, I show evidence from Peru that violent social conflict between communities and the natural resource sector occurs where local governments have low capacity and low accountability. When weak, local governments do not sufficiently enforce limits on environmental pollution or appropriately compensate communities, and cannot credibly commit to doing so as prices rise. These findings shed new light on the role that local political institutions play in managing social conflict in the face of volatile inter- national markets, and suggest a local corollary to the resource curse. Where institutions are not capable of managing the costs and benefits of increased production during price booms, conflict can emerge in the sector and make everyone worse off than if they had not increased production."

Renard Sexton- Ph.D. candidate, New York University

Sexton is a political scientist, studying local level conflict across the developing world. His scholarly work has been published in the American Political Science Review.

In particular, he researches how local actors respond strategically to outside intervention, such as development projects, extractive industries projects, aid infusions, or peacekeepers. his work work shows how political institutions moderate the effects of such interventions on conflict.


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