Department of Philosophy
Department of Philosophy

PHL 301 • Introduction To Philosophy

41545
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 214
show description

A survey of principal topics and problems in areas such as ethics, theory of knowledge, and philosophy of religion. 


PHL 301 • Introduction To Philosophy

41550 • Leon, Jeffrey
Meets MWF 2:00PM-3:00PM WAG 214
show description

A survey of principal topics and problems in areas such as ethics, theory of knowledge, and philosophy of religion. 


PHL 301 • Introduction To Philosophy

41530-41540 • Montague, Michelle
Meets MW 10:00AM-11:00AM PAR 201
show description
The purpose of this course is to introduce a selection of the major problems in philosophy, to some of the solutions that have been offered to them, and to some of the arguments for these solutions.  These problems concern God, freedom, mind, knowledge, and ethics.  Does God exist?  Are we free? What is the mind? Do we know anything? Is value objective?

PHL 301K • Ancient Philosophy

41555 • Hankinson, Robert
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 302
(also listed as C C 304C, CTI 310)
show description

An introduction to the philosophical achievements of the ancient world, concentrating on Plato and Aristotle. 


PHL 301L • Early Modern Philosophy

41560 • Proops, Ian
Meets TTH 12:30PM-2:00PM WAG 308
show description

This course examines metaphysical and epistemological issues in early modern philosophy in a selection of major figures from Descartes to Kant. Topics include the following: the

- nature and existence of God

- the existence of the external world

- a priori knowledge,

- the analytic-synthetic distinction

- the nature of space

- the nature of the self

- mind-body interaction,

- immortality

- primary and secondary qualities

- cause

- possibility

- substance

- essence

- free will.

 

In addition to developing an understanding of these fundamental philosophical concepts and issues, students will learn how to read a historical text sympathetically yet critically. We will finish with a brief consideration of some questions in contemporary theory of knowledge.


PHL 303 • Human Nature

41565
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM BEN 1.126
show description

Theories of human nature, such as those of Plato, Christianity, Marxism, and existentialism. Modern phsychological and biological theories are included, as the interplay of nature and nurture in determining human conduct is explored. 


PHL 303M • Mind And Body

41570-41580 • Tye, Michael
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:00PM WAG 302
show description

This course examines the relationship of the mind to the body. Topics covered include whether a machine could think, the Turing Test for intelligence, the reduction of the mind to the brain, whether consciousness can be captured materialistically, and the nature of persons and personal identity.We'll be thinking about immaterial spirits, futuristic computers and robots, Martians who behave like us but who have an internal structure very different from ours, brains in vats. We will consider whether these strange characters have thoughts and feelings. The point is not to consider bizarre cases just for the sake of it, but to see what light we can shed on our own nature as beings with mental lives.


PHL 304 • Contemporary Moral Problems

41585
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM WAG 302
show description

An introduction to ethics by way of an examination of a number of contemporary moral problems, including problems of abortion, sexual morality, capital punishment, pornography and hate speech.


PHL 304 • Contemporary Moral Problems

41590-41615
Meets MW 10:00AM-11:00AM WAG 302
show description

An introduction to ethics by way of an examination of a number of contemporary moral problems, including problems of abortion, sexual morality, capital punishment, pornography and hate speech.


PHL 304 • Contemporary Moral Problems

41620-41645
Meets MW 11:00AM-12:00PM WAG 302
show description

An introduction to ethics by way of an examination of a number of contemporary moral problems, including problems of abortion, sexual morality, capital punishment, pornography and hate speech.


PHL 305 • Intro To Philos Of Religion

41650 • Martinich, Aloysius
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM WAG 214
(also listed as CTI 310, R S 305)
show description

This course investigates four different attitudes that have been held about the relation of humans to God. First is an ancient view according to which God's existence is presupposed and all events are interpreted as expressions of God's will. Second is a medieval view according to which the existence of God and his various attributes are suitable subjects for proof and argument. Third is a modern view according to which God exists but little is known about him through reasoning. Fourth is a contemporary view according to which God is assumed not to exist, and it is asked whether anything has any value and whether human life has a meaning. Although the course is divided historically, our goal will be to identify what is true or false, rational or not rational about the views expressed in each.


PHL 312 • Introduction To Logic

41705 • Hankinson, Robert
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM WAG 214
show description

This is a course in the basic principles of logic. The student will come out of this course with an understanding of deductive inference and of argument generally, as wells as the notions of logical consequence, validity, soundness, and logical truth. Specifically, we will be looking at sentential logic (which treats the inferential relations among simple sentences) and predicate logic. Predicate logic is distinguished from sentential logic by its use of quantifiers.


PHL 312 • Introduction To Logic

41700
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM RLP 0.106
show description

This is a course in the basic principles of logic. The student will come out of this course with an understanding of deductive inference and of argument generally, as wells as the notions of logical consequence, validity, soundness, and logical truth. Specifically, we will be looking at sentential logic (which treats the inferential relations among simple sentences) and predicate logic. Predicate logic is distinguished from sentential logic by its use of quantifiers.


PHL 313 • Introductory Symbolic Logic

41725-41735 • Dogramaci, Sinan
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM WAG 420
show description

This is a first course in deductive symbolic logic. We'll study formal languages for representing sentences in logically precise ways, we'll study algorithms for evaluating arguments as logically valid or invalid, and we'll get an introduction to some of the surprising discoveries logicians have made about what tasks no algorithm can possibly do.


PHL 313 • Introductory Symbolic Logic

41710-41720 • Litland, Jon
Meets MWF 9:00AM-10:00AM WAG 420
show description

This is a first course in deductive symbolic logic. We'll study formal languages for representing sentences
in logically precise ways, we'll study algorithms for evaluating arguments as logically valid or invalid, and
we'll get an introduction to some of the surprising discoveries logicians have made about what tasks no
algorithm can possibly do.


PHL 315F • Philosophy And Film

41740-41750 • Sarkar, Sahotra
Meets TTH 12:30PM-1:30PM WAG 302
show description

This course is an introduction to philosophical issues raised by film as an art form. Topics treated will include a selection from: (1) the aesthetics of cinema as a medium; (2) relation of film to other art forms, especially the differences between film and theater; (3) cinematic judgments and mass audiences; (4) the auteur theory; (5) film, art, and documentation (the relation between fiction and non-fiction); (6) the ethics of film making and cinematic depiction; (7) eroticism, obscenity, and pornography in film; and (8) the problem of censorship. Throughout the emphasis will be on addressing philosophical issues concerned with the representation, pleasure, valuation, emotion, exploitation, and liberty. Most readings will be from philosophical writing on film with use made of film theory and criticism as needed.


PHL 315L • Philosophy And Literature

41755-41765 • Higgins, Kathleen
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:00PM WAG 302
show description

This course will examine the relationship between philosophy and literature, emphasizing both philosophical theories about literature and the way that philosophical ideas are conveyed through literature and literary form and devices.  Some of the topics to be considered include: distinctive characteristics of literary texts; the line between the fictional and the non-fictional; whether fictional literature can convey truth and, if so, how; the ontological status of fictional worlds and characters; the “problem of fiction” (why we care about characters we know to be fictional); the impact of literature on emotion and its relevance to evaluating literature; literary means of positioning the reader; literature in relation to moral education; the (alleged) intentional fallacy; the pleasures of tragedy; aesthetic and moral evaluation of literature;  the nature of genre; the genres of philosophical texts; and indirect communication.


PHL 316K • Science And Philosophy

41770
Meets MWF 1:00PM-2:00PM BUR 216
show description

This course will examine the growth and development of science in modern times
through the history of certain crucial debates and breakthroughs that have taken place
since the beginnings of modern science in the 17th century. Topics considered will
include: what is the nature of science? Does it have a distinctive method (or methods)
that distinguish it from other forms of inquiry? What are its criteria of truth? Can science
ever achieve certainty, and if not, does it have any distinctive claims on our belief, and if
so why? What are the mechanisms of scientific progress and change? How does science
relate to, and differ from, other forms of intellectual inquiry?


PHL 317K • Intro To Philos Of The Arts

41780
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM WAG 214
show description

Classic issues in the philosophy of art and beauty, illustrated from the fine arts and contemporary media: literature, drama, music, painting, film, and television. 


PHL 317K • Intro To Philos Of The Arts

41775
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 201
show description

Classic issues in the philosophy of art and beauty, illustrated from the fine arts and contemporary media: literature, drama, music, painting, film, and television. 


PHL 318 • Introduction To Ethics

41785-41795 • Smith, Nicole
Meets MW 1:00PM-2:00PM GAR 1.126
show description

What sort of life should I live? What kind of person should I be? What sort of actions am I obligated to perform? Such questions are in the province of ethics. They ask not how you have lived, or who you are, or what you have done, but how you ought to live, what sort of person you should be, and what actions you are obligated to perform. Normative (or ethical) theory—the topic of this course—attempts to provide systematic answers to these questions. You may be wondering why we need such theories when the answers may initially seem obvious. Perhaps you feel as though you should bring about as much happiness for yourself as possible even if it means ignoring the happiness of others. But this would be to neglect the very things that make one happy; namely, friendship and other valuable relationships that require for their existence and maintenance caring about others and their interests, as well as acting on their behalf even when it is difficult or inconvenient to do so. Thus, in ethics we often find that what looks like an easy question to answer, raises puzzles instead. Normative theorists set out to resolve these puzzles. They also offer comprehensive ethical theories that, when applied to specific cases, specify a verdict about what one ought to do in that situation. In this course, we will critically evaluate competing theories, as well as asking questions about the nature of ethics itself.


PHL 321K • Theory Of Knowledge

41800 • Hankinson, Robert
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM WAG 307
show description

What is knowledge? What are the principal types of knowledge, and what does a person's knowing a claim or proposition p amount to? Philosophers have commonly supposed that a person's having justification, or warrant, for believing that p is a necessary condition of his/her knowing that p. Accordingly, this course will be concerned with theories of justification as well as of knowledge, along with the question of whether there can be knowledge without what is called epistemic justification. Views in ancient, early modern, and contemporary philosophy—also one Eastern view—will be surveyed.


PHL 323K • Metaphysics

41805 • Koons, Robert
Meets TTH 12:30PM-2:00PM WAG 208
show description
An examination of the classic problems and questions of metaphysics (change, composition, time, space, existence, possibility, causation, universals), using the tools of contemporary analytic philosophy.
 
 
Text: 

Robert Koons and Tim Pickavance, Metaphysics: The Fundamentals (Wiley/Blackwell, 2014)

 

Grading:

Four short (1-2 page) chapter reports                 20%
Attendance and class participation                      10%
In-class “disputations”                                       10%
Midterm exam                                                   20%
In-class final exam                                             20%                                       
Term paper                                                       20%

PHL 323M • Philosophy Of Mind

41810 • Buchanan, Lawrence
Meets MW 1:00PM-2:30PM GAR 0.128
show description

What is a mind? How does it relate to a person's brain? How does it relate to their body and the external world? Could a robot or a computer be conscious? What is it to experience a pain? How does the mental fit into the physical universe? Philosophical thinking about the mind has been focused on questions like these for hundreds of years.

In this class we will consider some of the most important historical answers offered to the questions above as well as the views of many contemporary philosophers of mind. Specifically, we'll look at theories like dualism, the identity theory, functionalism, and others. The goal is for each student to be able to articulate the basic issues examined, to describe several possible responses to those issues, and to evaluate those positions critically. This course requires active participation, including reading assigned material before each class meeting and participation in class discussions.

The objectives are:
(i) To raise the student's understanding of the complex nature and historical background of issues in the philosophy of mind, and
(ii) To develop critical thinking and enable students to communicate in an intelligent manner on these issues.


PHL 325C • Environmental Ethics

41815-41825 • Smith, Nicole
Meets MWF 11:00AM-12:00PM WAG 201
show description

This is a course on environmental philosophy with a focus on environmental ethics but also treating epistemological issues. Much of the course will be a survey of major problem areas including intrinsic and instrumental value of environmental features, decision analysis, animal rights, biodiversity, restoration, sustainability, environmental justice, and climate change. The emphasis will be on using locally pertinent case studies to analyze philosophical problems arising from environmental concerns.


PHL 325K • Ethical Theories-Phl Majors

41830 • Dancy, Jonathan
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 308
show description
This course will consider three classic moral theories, those of J. S. Mill, W. D. Ross and I. Kant – otherwise known as Utilitarianism, Intuitionism and Kantianism. We will do this by studying one classic text by each author in detail.

PHL 325M • Medicine, Ethics, And Society

41835-41875 • Sarkar, Sahotra
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:00PM GAR 0.102
show description

The application of ethical theory to medical practice is an important part of modern public
policy. We look at several approaches to ethics and several areas of medicine to gain insights
into medical ethics. This course carries the ethics and leadership flag. Consequently, a
substantial portion of the grade will involve ethical issues and reasoning.


PHL 329K • Hist Of Ancient Philosophy

41880-41885 • Leon, Jeffrey
Meets MWF 10:00AM-11:00AM PAR 301
(also listed as C C 348)
show description

This course is an introduction to ancient Greek philosophy. We’ll focus on three major thinkers: Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle; and we’ll examine their views and arguments on some central questions about human conduct, the natural world, and our knowledge of both. We’ll begin with a brief look at some influential earlier figures known as Presocratics and Sophists, and we’ll end with a brief look at some enduring ideas of Epicurus. The emphasis throughout will be on analyzing both what these thinkers say and their reasons for saying it. The main goal is not to memorize information but to develop a critical understanding of some problems and arguments that remain very much alive today.


PHL 329L • Early Mod Phl: Descartes-Kant

41890-41895 • Dunlop, Katherine
Meets MW 10:00AM-11:30AM WAG 420
show description

This course is an introduction to early modern philosophy. The objectives of the class are to identify and analyze arguments in philosophical texts of the early modern period, and to become familiar with central themes and problems. Topics include causation, substance, and the possibility of knowledge, which will be discussed with reference to contemporary scientific developments.  Readings from Descartes and other rationalists, Locke, Hume, and Kant.


PHL 332 • Philosophy Of Language

41900 • Sainsbury, Richard
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM CAL 200
show description

PHL 332 Philosophy of Language

Aims

The course will introduce you to the history of the subject from the late nineteenth century. Central topics are: meaning, sense and reference (proper names, definite descriptions); propositional attitudes and their attribution (belief, desire etc), and the pragmatics of language use (speaker meaning, conversational implicature, the nature of discourse). We will go slowly and carefully.

Background

What is a language? A rough initial answer is that it is a system of signs with meaning. But what is meaning? Asked the meaning of “dog”, for example, a natural first answer is that it refers just to dogs. This kind of answer would have appealed to one of our earliest authors, John Stuart Mill, but was argued to be unacceptable by the Garman philosopher and mathematician, Gottlob Frege, whose paper “On sense and reference” (1892) is regarded by many as the foundational document of philosophy of language as it is now practiced. Much recent discussion can be roughly described as a debate between Millian and Fregean views.

The emphasis on the reference of words threatens to overlook their use. Language is not just a system of signs: it is a living, changing, flexible part of culture. Philosophers like Paul Grice, starting with a famous paper “Meaning” in 1957, argued that the source of word meaning is what people who use them mean: speaker-meaning is more basic than word-meaning. The brings language as an ongoing activity into a central position. One question is whether we can combine the insights of the Fregean tradition, which prioritizes language as a system of signs, with those from the Gricean tradition, prioritizing language as a way of making manifest what we mean.

Authors

The main authors to be studied are Gottlob Frege, Bertrand Russell, Peter Strawson, Keith Donnellan, Saul Kripke and Paul Grice. All the required reading is available electronically through PCL, so you won’t need to buy any texts.

Class style

Participation is an essential feature of this class (the classroom is round-table style). Feel free to ask questions or make comments at any point, and be prepared to be called on by name to give your take on a topic under discussion. I expect to use Squarecap as a way of registering attendance and asking you questions. This involves you paying a small fee, and having an internet enabled device (phone, tablet, or laptop).

Requirements

  1. Participation: 10%
  2. Peer review of another student’s draft midterm essay 10%
  3. Midterm essay: 30% (due at end of Spring Break)
  4. Term paper abstract: 10%
  5. Term paper: 40% (due shortly after end of classes)

This course has a writing flag.

When you write your draft midterm essay, it will be reviewed by another student and also by me (your instructor) and you will receive detailed comments. The comments are for grade but the draft essay is not. You need to take the comments into account when preparing the final version of the midterm essay, which is for grade. I recommend adopting the same procedure for the term paper: let me and at least one other student see a draft and give comments, and then take these into account when preparing the final version. (This is a recommendation, but because of time constraints students will not receive grade credit for commenting on another student’s term paper draft. I hope the thought that you can help another student—and perhaps receive help in exchange—will be incentive enough!)

The heavy emphasis on written work in this course gives you the opportunity to solidify your understanding of what you have read, to gain practice in the accurate and systematic presentation of complex material, and to engage in imaginative construction and evaluation of arguments.


PHL 342 • Four Mdrn Politi Philosophy

41905 • Koons, Robert
Meets TTH 9:30AM-11:00AM WAG 208
show description
An examination of some central texts representing each of four modern political philosophies: Marxism, welfare-state or social democracy, libertarianism, and traditional or Burkean conservatism. We will try to uncover the metaphysical, epistemological, anthropological, and ethical commitments of each system and understand how the constitutional, legal, and economic framework recommended by each follows from their philosophical foundations. We will look at how each  deploys philosophical arguments and strategies against the other three, identifying the points of commonalty and tension with respect to each of the six pairings. Students will be encouraged to develop and defend their own understanding of the foundations of politics through in-class disputations and through written essays critiqued by their peers.
 
Proposed Readings:
The Marx-Engels Reader
Friedrich Hayek, The Road to Serfdom
John Stuart Mill, Basic Writings
Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Basic Political Writings
G. A. Cohen, Why not Socialism?
André Gorz, Farewell to the Working Clas
John Rawls, A Theory of Justice
Michael Sandel, Liberalism and its Critics
Edmund Burke, Reflections on the Revolution in France
Robert Nisbet, The Quest for Community
Roger Scruton, A Political Philosophy
 
Proposed Grading Policy:
Attendance and Participation: 15%
Short Oral presentation 4%In-class debates (with three other students): 30%
Eight short papers (300-500 words): 16%
15-20 page essay, critiqued by peers, revised: 35%

PHL 342 • Natural Law Theory

41910 • Budziszewski, J
Meets MW 1:00PM-2:30PM BEN 1.122
(also listed as GOV 335M)
show description

GOV 335M / PHL 342:

NATURAL LAW THEORY

Professor J. Budziszewski

 

 

Unique number:      38220

Class meets:               MW 1:00-2:30pm, BEN 1.122

Prof's office hours:   W 9:30am-12:45pm in MEZ 3.106

Prof’s email:              jbud@undergroundthomist.org

Prof’s office phone:  232-7229; phone does not record messages; email strongly preferred

Course website:         Canvas

Prof’s website:           The Underground Thomist, http://UndergroundThomist.org

Course policies:         See the FAQ at the “Other Things My Students May Need” section of the Teaching page at my personal website.

 

PREREQUISITES, FLAGS, AND FIELD

 

The course can be taken as either GOV 335M or PHL 342.  It carries a writing flag and fulfills part of the basic education requirement in writing.  If taken as a government course, enrollment requires six semester hours of lower-division government.  The subfield is Political Theory / Political Philosophy.

 

DESCRIPTION

 

“Natural law” refers to moral law – in particular, the fundamental moral principles that are built into the design of human nature and lie at the roots of conscience.  Natural law thinking is the spine of the Western tradition of ethical and legal thought.  The founders of the American republic also believed in the natural law -- in universal and "self-evident" principles of justice and morality which the Declaration of Independence called "the laws of Nature and of Nature's God."   For generations afterward, most Americans took the reality of natural law for granted.  Thomas Jefferson appealed to it to justify independence; Abraham Lincoln appealed to it to criticize slavery; Martin Luther King appealed to it to criticize racial discrimination. You would hardly guess any of this from the present day, because belief in natural law has come to be viewed as "politically incorrect."  Nevertheless, the tradition of natural law is experiencing a modest renaissance.

 

Is there really a natural law?  What difference does it make to society and politics if there is?  Is it really "natural"?  Is it really "law"?  To consider these questions, we will read a variety of influential works on natural law from the middle ages to the present.  Probably, most of your liberal arts education has implicitly rejected the whole idea, but in this course, for a change, you have an opportunity to hear the other side.

 

We will focus on the classical natural law tradition, not the revisionist version which was popular among the social contract writers.  The first two units of the course focus on the ethical and legal thought of the most important and influential classical natural law thinker in history, Thomas Aquinas.  He is a difficult writer, but we will work through his Treatise on Law carefully and I will provide lots of help.  In the final unit, which is about the continuing influence of the classical natural law tradition, we will read a number of authors including Thomas Jefferson, U.S. Supreme Court Justice John McLean, Abraham Lincoln, Martin Luther King, C.S. Lewis, a contemporary theologian, and two contemporary philosophers.

 

GRADING POLICY

 

Unit 1, Foundations of Law:  Analytical outline (25%).

Unit 2, Natural and Human Law:  Take-home essay (25%).

Unit 3, Legacy of the Classical Natural Law Tradition:  Whole-course journal (25%).

Class participation (25%).

 

Absences also affect your grade.  Please read the attendance policy in the Frequently Asked Questions section of my personal scholarly website.

 

I do not use plusses and minuses.

 

TEXTS

 

Even if you prefer to use the PCL Reserve Room or read online, you must bring physical copies of the readings to class, even if only photocopies or printouts.  Electronic devices such as laptops, cellphones, sound recorders, and smart pens must be powered down and stowed away during class.  There are no exceptions except for pacemakers.

 

Required:

 

J. Budziszewski, Commentary on Thomas Aquinas’s Treatise on Law (Cambridge, 2014).  This is a paperback.

 

Additional shorter readings, which will be made available on Canvas or online.

 

Recommended:

 

J. Budziszewski, Companion to the Commentary (Cambridge, 2014).  This free electronic book will be available through Canvas, and it is also available at my personal website.


PHL 346K • Aesthetics

41925 • Leon, Jeffrey
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM WAG 302
show description

The nature and purpose of art and the aesthetic experience. Key theories of aesthetics both in the history of Western aesthetics and in Eastern traditions. 


PHL 347 • Philosophy Of Law

41930-41940 • Smith, Tara
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:00PM WAG 201
show description

This course will examine fundamental questions about the nature, authority, and proper application of law. We will begin by considering the purpose and the authority of a legal system. What function is the law to fill? What does the ideal of the Rule of Law demand, and what is the role of a constitution in securing that ideal? Must laws meet certain moral criteria in order to carry genuine authority?

The second and third units will concentrate on questions concerning the application of law in the judicial system. Unit 2 will focus on judicial review – specifically, the methods by which courts should interpret the law and reason about the law in order to resolve disputes concerning law’s proper application in particular cases. What constitutes inappropriate judicial “activism?” What constitutes inappropriate passivism? We will consider several competing theories, such as those that urge adherence to lawmakers’ original intent, to text, to moral principles, popular will, and precedent.

Finally, Unit 3 will focus on juries. What, properly, is their role in the administration of justice? What are the reasons for having juries (as opposed to judges or other government officials) reach verdicts and determine sentences? How should juries be constituted? Is jury nullification ever a justifiable practice?

Tentative:

Grades will be determined on the basis of three exams, a paper, and a few brief written homework assignments.

Readings will be taken from:

Jeffrey Abramson, We the Jury

Antonin Scalia, A Matter of Interpretation

Possibly: John Arthur & William H. Shaw, Readings in the Philosophy of Law, 5th edition 

Possibly: a few additional readings, either in a course packet, posted as pdfs, or available online


PHL 354 • Mistranslating Latinos

41945 • Colomina-Alminana, Juan
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM GWB 1.130
(also listed as LIN 373)
show description

Topic courses focusing on philosophy in a particular context.


PHL 354 • Origins Of Liberalism

41950 • Martinich, Aloysius
Meets TTH 11:00AM-12:30PM WAG 308
(also listed as CTI 335)
show description

Liberal democracy is roughly the theory that individual human beings are free and equal. Freedom and equality are typically connected with the rights of individuals. Key concepts include liberty, democracy, the social contract, and the nature of authority and obligation to governments.

This course is interdisciplinary. It will cover the history, religion, and political philosophy of Stuart England (seventeenth-century England), the century of the English Civil War, the Commonwealth, The Restoration, the Exclusion Crisis, the Glorious Revolution, and the English Bill of Rights.

Thomas Hobbes's LEVIATHON and John Locke's TWO TREATISES OF GOVERNMENT will be discussed in detail along with other notable works by republican theorists, radical democrats, and divine right theorists.

 

Texts:

Thomas Hobbes, LEVIATHON

John Locke, TWO TREATISES OF GOVERNMENT

Bucholz and Keys, EARLY MODERN ENGLAND 2nd ed

A. P. Martinich, Philosophical Writing

 

Grading:

Class participation and assignments - 25%

Test (about October 15) - 20%

Final Examination (comprehensive) - 35%

Essay (due last class day of semester) - 20%


PHL 365 • Health And Justice

41955 • Smith, Nicole
Meets MW 2:30PM-4:00PM BUR 116
show description

Mass disparities exist in the health of humans across the globe. It may seem obvious from a moral point of view that if we can do something to alleviate the global and local disparities in health and access to healthcare, that we should do something about it. Once we scratch the surface of this apparent truism, however, we find a number of assumptions in need of defense. What would ground such an obligation after all? Do humans have a right to health? If so, do they also have a right to healthcare? It may seem that these two concepts are intertwined, but consider an analogy. Someone’s right to life makes it impermissible to kill that person (unless you would be justified in doing so, say, in a case of genuine self-defense). Nevertheless, the right to life plausibly does not entail that you are obligated to protect or preserve the life of everyone who has such a right. Similarly, if humans have a right to health, then it would be impermissible to undermine their health. But it is a different question whether individual’s are obligated to protect and preserve the health of others by, for example, ensuring their access to healthcare. The course will evaluate rights-based arguments, among others, that aim to show the injustice of current disparities in health. Proponents contend that we do have a moral obligation to secure health and access to healthcare across racial, gender, socio-economic, as well as national boundaries.


PHL 365 • Organizational Ethics

41960 • Bonevac, Daniel
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM WAG 308
show description

Description:

This course examines ethical questions relating to organizations from theoretical and practical points of view. The basic questions of ethics, in an organizational context, arise at several different levels. We can ask about my obligations to the organization, to my coworkers, to my supervisors, to the people I supervise, to shareholders, to stakeholders, and to the public. We can ask about the organization’s obligations to its members, its shareholders, and the public. We can ask about ways of structuring institutions to encapsulate the values of the organization and minimize ethical risks. Finally, we can ask about the extent to which ethical problems can be addressed by formal codes, policies, and institutional structures. Our hypothesis throughout the course will be that ethics, strategy, psychology, and organizational structure interact in important ways and need to be studied together. We will combine perspectives of game theory, business strategy, psychology, social and organizational structure, and ethics as traditionally conceived to develop approaches to ethics in the context of organizations.

List of Proposed Texts /Readings:

Confucius, Analects
John Hooker, Taking Ethics Seriously: Why Ethics Is an Essential Tool for the Modern Workplace
Avinash K. Dixit and Barry J. Nalebuff, The Art of Strategy: A Game Theorist's Guide to Success in Business and in Life

Proposed Grading Policy:

Grades in this course will be based on class attendance, participation in class, and about 15 pages (about 4,000 words) of writing.


PHL 366K • Existentialism

41965-41975 • Higgins, Kathleen
Meets TTH 3:30PM-4:30PM WAG 201
show description

“Existentialism” was hardly a philosophical movement in the traditional sense, for few of its major figures would have described themselves as existentialists.  And yet the existentialists do represent a movement in the sense that they sharing certain concerns, such as emphasis on how reflective thought relates to our actual lives, skepticism regarding reason, reevaluation of traditional approaches to ethics, and insistence on passionate engagement as essential for a meaningful life. Among the figures we will consider are Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche, Jean-Paul Sartre, Albert Camus, Martin Heidegger, and Simone de Beauvoir.


PHL 375M • Is Meaning Intelligible

41980 • Juhl, Cory
Meets TTH 2:00PM-3:30PM WAG 210
show description

Description:

 

According to a view of the world that we find obvious, there are material things such as tables or electrons or planets.  In addition, there are linguistic expressions that have semantic properties such as being true or false, and individual words that stand for things or properties or logical operations.  Relatedly, there are brains and minds, and mental states such as beliefs can also be true or false.  In this course we will consider how semantic or meaning properties of words or perhaps neural states are related to the sorts of properties that science and sensory perception reveals.  In the background of our thinking will be views that all 'legitimate' or 'real' properties or things are of a sort that are discoverable by science, or that are  'reducible' to such properties or things or facts.  We will critically examine a variety of views about how meaning is related to the world of perception and science, consider objections, and see whether we can find any new ways to illuminate how words and brain states are related to facts and things.

 

We will read papers or chapters from books by Roy Harris, Wittgenstein, Fodor, Stich, Putnam, Kripke, Quine, Ebbs, Davidson, Millikan, Neander, and others.

 

Two short (3-5pp) papers and a longer (8-10pp) paper will count for 90% of the grade.

10% of the grade will result from class participation and discussion.


PHL 375M • Philosophy Of Emotions

41985 • Deigh, John
Meets TTH 3:30PM-5:00PM WAG 210
show description

Description:

 

The seminar will be a study of theories of the emotions in modern philosophy.  The first half of the seminar will examine the historically important theories of Rene Descartes, David Hume, William James, and Sigmund Freud.  The second half will examine the leading contemporary theories of Antonio Damasio, Martha Nussbaum, and Peter Goldie.   

 

Texts:

Descartes, The Passions of the Soul

Hume, selections from A Treatise of Human Nature

James, "What is an Emotion?"

Freud, "The Unconscious"

Damasio, Descartes' Error

Nussbaum, selections from Upheavals of Thought

Goldie, The Emotions

 

Grading:

The grade will be based on evaluation of the papers written for the seminar and participation in seminar discussion. 


PHL 610QB • Probs Of Knowledge & Valuation

41655-41665 • Woodruff, Paul
Meets MWF 12:00PM-1:00PM WAG 420
show description

A continuation of Philosophy 610QA, this course will carry the class discussion beyond ethics to the support for ethics—reality and our ability to know it.  In this we are following Plato’s journey from Socrates’ questions to a theory of transcendent being.  We will start by looking at recent theories of relativism and then ask whether we can have access to knowledge of objective truth.  We’ll look at Plato’s Theaetetus and ask whether relativism can be coherent, and we’ll go on to seek a definition of knowledge.  In the middle of February, in time for Valentine’s day, we will arrive at the subject of love, which Plato believes leads us to a grasp of reality, as we will learn from the Symposium.  After a foray into the history of skepticism, we will leap forward to the modern era, where we join the debate between the advocates of reason (such as Descartes) and the team of passion and experience (Hume).   We will see how these two sides handle proofs for the existence of God (with a brief look back into the middle ages). After that, we leap forward again to discuss contemporary issues about the mind and brain, then advance to a serious excursion into Buddhist metaphysics, which centers on the challenging idea that a human being has no real self. 


PHL 610QB • Probs Of Knowledge & Valuation

41685-41695 • Proops, Ian
Meets TTH 3:30PM-5:00PM WAG 302
show description

This course examines some of the central problems of philosophy, drawing on both contemporary readings and historical texts. Students will be introduced to philosophy’s “tool kit” as well as to some of its “greatest hits.” Topics include: History of philosophy (Descartes’s Mediations), metaphysics (including, for example, time travel), and some issues in the theory of knowledge (including the question whether we know we are not living in a computer simulation), and issues in applied ethics (for example, “Is there a moral right to own a gun?”, “What are the reasonable limits on free speech?”). There are no prerequisites for this class.


PHL 610QB • Probs Of Knowledge & Valuation

41670-41680 • Evans, Matthew
Meets MW 1:00PM-2:30PM WAG 302
show description

There are some questions we should all ask ourselves at least once before we die, and many of them are philosophical. In this course we will pick out a few of the most pressing of these questions, and try to answer them as best we can. In the spring semester we will ask questions about valuation — good and bad, right and wrong. Among them will be: What is it about right actions that makes them right? Is it only that they bring about the best available outcome? What is it for one outcome to be better or worse than another? What is it for one life to go better or worse than another? Could it be wrong to bring someone into existence? Do we owe anything to future generations? Are there some things that it would be wrong to say, regardless of whether they are true? Are all of us leading immoral lives? Readings will be drawn primarily from recent work in philosophical ethics, and will be made freely available on Canvas.